How to format your references using the Annual Review of Plant Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Plant Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venkatraman V. 2015. Working life. The space roboticist. Science. 349(6245):338
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller UK, Lentink D. 2004. Physiology. Turning on a dime. Science. 306(5703):1899–1900
A journal article with 3 authors
Storey M, Duncan RA, Swisher CC 3rd. 2007. Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic. Science. 316(5824):587–89
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schmidt D, Wilson MD, Ballester B, Schwalie PC, Brown GD, et al. 2010. Five-vertebrate ChIP-seq reveals the evolutionary dynamics of transcription factor binding. Science. 328(5981):1036–40

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reid R, Fraser-King G, Schwaderer WD. 2006. Data Lifecycles. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Majumdar S, ed. 2011. Emerging Challenges and Trends in TVET in the Asia-Pacific Region. Rotterdam: SensePublishers. XVI, 252p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou Q, Liu W, Long Y, Sun C, Jiang G. 2015. Toxicological Effects and Mechanisms of Silver Nanoparticles. In Silver Nanoparticles in the Environment, ed J Liu, G Jiang, pp. 109–38. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Plant Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Scientists Discover Earliest Known Evidence of Bone Marrow. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Mass Transit: Review of the Bay Area Rapid Transit District’s Airport Extension Finance Plan. RCED-00-95R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olsen SL. 2017. A Year of Sin An Experiential Exhibition of Sin. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2003. An Old Friend Returns, Herbs and Fruit In Hand. New York Times, July 20, p. 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Plant Biology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Plant Biol.
ISSN (print)1543-5008
ISSN (online)1545-2123
ScopePlant Science
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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