How to format your references using the Annual Review of Plant Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Plant Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cresko WA. 2008. Evolution. Armor development and fitness. Science. 322(5899):204–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Deuss A, Woodhouse J. 2001. Seismic observations of splitting of the mid-transition zone discontinuity in Earth’s mantle. Science. 294(5541):354–57
A journal article with 3 authors
Tong S, Meagher S, Vollenhoven B. 2002. Sonography: dizygotic twin survival in early pregnancy. Nature. 416(6877):142
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin H, Yao C, Zhang X, Zhang H, Wang D, et al. 2014. Strongly enhanced current densities in Sr0.6K0.4Fe2As2 + Sn superconducting tapes. Sci. Rep. 4:4465

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret D. 2012. Flexray and its Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Mathai AM. 2010. The H-Function: Theory and Applications. New York, NY: Springer. XIV, 268 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Li M, He G. 2006. Fast Mode Decision Algorithm in H.263+/H.264 Intra Transcoder. In Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2006: 7th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Hangzhou, China, November 2-4, 2006. Proceedings, ed Y Zhuang, S-Q Yang, Y Rui, Q He, pp. 41–47. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Plant Biology.

Blog post
Davis J. 2015. China Has Been Dramatically Underreporting Coal Consumption. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Information Security: Many NASA Missions-Critical Systems Face Serious Risks. AIMD-99-47, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsu Y-C. 2009. A cultural psychosocial model for depression in elder care institutions: The roles of Socially Supportive Activity and self-transcendence. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B, Stevenson A. 2016. S.E.C. Chief Among First to Plan Exit. New York Times, Nov. 14, p. B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Plant Biology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Plant Biol.
ISSN (print)1543-5008
ISSN (online)1545-2123
ScopePlant Science
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles