How to format your references using the Annual Review of Plant Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Plant Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery SL. 2001. Gained in the translation. Nature. 409(6821):667
A journal article with 2 authors
Coley PD, Kursar TA. 2014. Ecology. On tropical forests and their pests. Science. 343(6166):35–36
A journal article with 3 authors
Belonoshko AB, Ahuja R, Johansson B. 2003. Stability of the body-centred-cubic phase of iron in the Earth’s inner core. Nature. 424(6952):1032–34
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Keppler F, Harper DB, Greule M, Ott U, Sattler T, et al. 2014. Chloromethane release from carbonaceous meteorite affords new insight into Mars lander findings. Sci. Rep. 4:7010

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raju KSN. 2011. Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ilaslan H. 2016. Pediatric and Adult MRI Atlas of Bone Marrow: Normal Appearances, Variants and Diffuse Disease States. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XI, 197 p. 203 illus., 19 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Blair JA. 2012. Argument Management, Informal Logic and Critical Thinking. In Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation: Selected Papers of J. Anthony Blair, ed CW Tindale, pp. 39–50. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Plant Biology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. Scientists In Germany Just Switched On The World’s Largest “Artificial Sun.” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. FAA Budget: Agency Faces Key Management Challenges on Major Issues. T-RCED-94-191, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodgers R. 2017. Phylogenomic Analysis of Fundulidae Using RNA-Sequencing Data. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. 1995. F.Y.I. New York Times, Jan. 29, p. 132

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4, 5, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Plant Biology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Plant Biol.
ISSN (print)1543-5008
ISSN (online)1545-2123
ScopePlant Science
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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