How to format your references using the Annual Review of Plant Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Plant Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gormley WT Jr. 2011. From science to policy in early childhood education. Science. 333(6045):978–81
A journal article with 2 authors
Green CB, Menaker M. 2003. Circadian rhythms. Clocks on the brain. Science. 301(5631):319–20
A journal article with 3 authors
Innocenti P, Morrow EH, Dowling DK. 2011. Experimental evidence supports a sex-specific selective sieve in mitochondrial genome evolution. Science. 332(6031):845–48
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nazarian R, Shi H, Wang Q, Kong X, Koya RC, et al. 2010. Melanomas acquire resistance to B-RAF(V600E) inhibition by RTK or N-RAS upregulation. Nature. 468(7326):973–77

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith JDH, Romanowska AB. 1999. Post-Modern Algebra. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yan X, ed. 2015. Dan Shen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) in Medicine: Volume 1. Biology and Chemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XXX, 212 p. 94 illus., 2 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Werfel J. 2012. Collective Construction with Robot Swarms. In Morphogenetic Engineering: Toward Programmable Complex Systems, ed R Doursat, H Sayama, O Michel, pp. 115–40. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Plant Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Single Atom Detected With High-Powered MRI. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Army Networks: Select Programs Are Utilizing Competition to Varying Degrees. GAO-14-460, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner M. 2008. Enamel -dentine junction morphology of extant hominoid and fossil hominin lower molars. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein M, Eder S, Kelly K, Stevenson A, Protess B. 2017. Sources of Trump Aides’ Wealth Include Cosmetics and ‘Seinfeld’ Reruns. New York Times, April 1, p. A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Plant Biology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Plant Biol.
ISSN (print)1543-5008
ISSN (online)1545-2123
ScopePlant Science
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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