How to format your references using the Annual Review of Plant Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Plant Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Wijn AG. 2012. Astronomy. Measuring solar magnetism. Science. 338(6106):476–77
A journal article with 2 authors
Margot JL, Brown ME. 2003. A low-density M-type asteroid in the main belt. Science. 300(5627):1939–42
A journal article with 3 authors
Foley S, Tiepolo M, Vannucci R. 2002. Growth of early continental crust controlled by melting of amphibolite in subduction zones. Nature. 417(6891):837–40
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kaláb P, Pralle A, Isacoff EY, Heald R, Weis K. 2006. Analysis of a RanGTP-regulated gradient in mitotic somatic cells. Nature. 440(7084):697–701

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor W. 2009. Making RTI Work. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass
An edited book
Manzini R, ed. 2012. Warehousing in the Global Supply Chain: Advanced Models, Tools and Applications for Storage Systems. London: Springer. XXII, 486 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Hughes GRV, Sangle S. 2012. Tendons and joints. In Clinician’s Manual on Lupus, ed GRV Hughes, S Sangle, pp. 19–21. Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Plant Biology.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. How Subtle Changes In Our Bodies Affect Conscious Awareness And Decision Confidence. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. National Airspace System: FAA’s Approach to Its New Communications System Appears Prudent, but Challenges Remain. GAO-02-710, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelayo AM. 2008. A case study on the development of team -based leadership structure in the hospital industry. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2015. Memories Sweeter Than the Home. New York Times, April 10, p. D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Plant Biology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Plant Biol.
ISSN (print)1543-5008
ISSN (online)1545-2123
ScopePlant Science
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles