How to format your references using the Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kouwenhoven, L. “One Photon Seen by One Electron.” Nature, Vol. 403, No. 6768, 2000, pp. 374–375.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gibbs, M. J., and Gibbs, A. J. “Molecular Virology: Was the 1918 Pandemic Caused by a Bird Flu?” Nature, Vol. 440, No. 7088, 2006, pp. E8; discussion E9-10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weston, C. R., Lambright, D. G., and Davis, R. J. “Signal Transduction. MAP Kinase Signaling Specificity.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 296, No. 5577, 2002, pp. 2345–2347.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kawane, K., Ohtani, M., Miwa, K., Kizawa, T., Kanbara, Y., Yoshioka, Y., Yoshikawa, H., and Nagata, S. “Chronic Polyarthritis Caused by Mammalian DNA That Escapes from Degradation in Macrophages.” Nature, Vol. 443, No. 7114, 2006, pp. 998–1002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gramß, T., Bornholdt, S., Groß, M., Mitchell, M., and Pellizzari, T. Non-Standard Computation. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
Ouzzani, M. Semantic Web Services for Web Databases. Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Demiryol, T. Interdependence, Balancing and Conflict in Russian–Turkish Relations. In Great Powers and Geopolitics: International Affairs in a Rebalancing World (A. Klieman, ed.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015, pp. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Khoe-San People Have Gene Variant That Reduces Pregnancy Complications. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Management: Status of the Army’s Logistics and Technical Information Initiatives. Publication IMTEC-89-10. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart, D. A. Principals’ Post-Observation Feedback and Its Influence on Teacher Professional Growth at Two Southern California Catholic High Schools. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. “Man’s Murder Conviction Set Aside at D.A.’s Request.” New York Times, Apr 18, 2017, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication
ISSN (online)1542-9423

Other styles