How to format your references using the Autoimmunity Highlights citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autoimmunity Highlights. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Medlyn BE (2011) Comment on “Drought-induced reduction in global terrestrial net primary production from 2000 through 2009.” Science 333:1093; author reply 1093
A journal article with 2 authors
Kahl BC, Peters G (2007) Microbiology. Mayhem in the lung. Science 315:1082–1083
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuckerman ME, Marx D, Parrinello M (2002) The nature and transport mechanism of hydrated hydroxide ions in aqueous solution. Nature 417:925–929
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xu Q, Piermarocchi C, Pershin YV, et al (2014) Giant up-conversion efficiency of InGaAs quantum dots in a planar microcavity. Sci Rep 4:3953

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Palaveev P (2012) The Ensemble Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
D’Atri A, Ferrara M, George JF, Spagnoletti P (2011) Information Technology and Innovation Trends in Organizations: ItAIS: The Italian Association for Information Systems. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Osipov G, Smirnov I, Tikhomirov I, et al (2014) Information Retrieval for R&D support. In: Paltoglou G, Loizides F, Hansen P (eds) Professional Search in the Modern World: COST Action IC1002 on Multilingual and Multifaceted Interactive Information Access. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autoimmunity Highlights.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Take a virtual tour of the Sun. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) License Suspensions for Nondriving Offenses: Practices in Four States That May Ease the Financial Impact on Low-Income Individuals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rangwala R (2005) The Role of the PDZ Protein, Erbin, in Schwann Cells. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J (2016) Start-Up Imagines Driverless Vehicles That Can Tell You Where They’re Going. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutoimmunity Highlights
AbbreviationAuto Immun. Highlights
ISSN (print)2038-0305
ISSN (online)2038-3274

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