How to format your references using the Autoimmunity Highlights citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autoimmunity Highlights. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elmegreen BG (2007) Astronomy. Dark matter in galactic collisional debris. Science 316:1132–1133
A journal article with 2 authors
Pardo M, Nurse P (2003) Equatorial retention of the contractile actin ring by microtubules during cytokinesis. Science 300:1569–1574
A journal article with 3 authors
Grubb PJ, Coomes DA, Metcalfe DJ (2005) Comment on “A brief history of seed size.” Science 310:783; author reply 783
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lobo MK, Covington HE 3rd, Chaudhury D, et al (2010) Cell type-specific loss of BDNF signaling mimics optogenetic control of cocaine reward. Science 330:385–390

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanoyevitch A (2004) Introduction to Numerical Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations Using MATLAB®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Holmes DE, Jain LC (2006) Innovations in Machine Learning: Theory and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Biever JL, Santos J (2016) Ofreciendo Terapia En El Idioma De Preferencia Del Cliente: El Modelo De Preparación Profesional Calificada En Dos Idiomas De Ollu. In: Charlés LL, Samarasinghe G (eds) Family Therapy in Global Humanitarian Contexts: Voices and Issues from the Field. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 51–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autoimmunity Highlights.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Deadly Truth About Loneliness. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Telecommunications: Development of Competition in Local Telephone Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Phelps-Hillen JL (2017) Institutional Review Boards and Writing Studies Research: A Justice-Oriented Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Tuning Up to Do the Super Bowl Shovel. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutoimmunity Highlights
AbbreviationAuto Immun. Highlights
ISSN (print)2038-0305
ISSN (online)2038-3274

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