How to format your references using the International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith A (2002) Screening for drug discovery: the leading question. Nature 418:453–459
A journal article with 2 authors
Dohoney KM, Gelles J (2001) Chi-sequence recognition and DNA translocation by single RecBCD helicase/nuclease molecules. Nature 409:370–374
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu Y, Wang J, Zhang X (2013) Accurate determination of the vapor-liquid-solid contact line tension and the viability of Young equation. Sci Rep 3:2008
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Reichart P, Datzmann G, Hauptner A, et al (2004) Three-dimensional hydrogen microscopy in diamond. Science 306:1537–1540

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Chevalier F, Lesselier D, Staraj R (2011) Non-standard Antennas. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Defler TR, Stevenson PR (2014) The Woolly Monkey: Behavior, Ecology, Systematics, and Captive Research. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Geller B (2006) The Charlotte-Mecklenburg, North Carolina, Police Department. In: Ivković SK, Haberfeld MR (eds) Enhancing Police Integrity. Springer, New York, NY, pp 83–109

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Lightning Strike Causes Whiskey Firenado At Jim Beam Factory. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Aviation Security: Federal Air Marshal Service Has Taken Actions to Fulfill Its Core Mission and Address Workforce Issues, but Additional Actions Are Needed to Improve Workforce Survey. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Renteria Y (2017) Respite services for post-adoption families transitioning from the child welfare system: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2012) The Old Guard Welcomes The New Guard. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry
AbbreviationInt. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom.
ISSN (print)1435-6163
ISSN (online)1865-4584

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