How to format your references using the International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry (Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spec.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2001) WHO plans study of Gulf War fallout. Nature 413:97
A journal article with 2 authors
Bellwood P, White P (2005) Domesticated pigs in eastern Indonesia. Science 309:381; author reply 381
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin X, Clark AC, Chan MHW (2007) Probable heat capacity signature of the supersolid transition. Nature 449:1025–1028
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sheng W, Yu G, Fang H, et al (2014) Regional patterns of (15)N natural abundance in forest ecosystems along a large transect in eastern China. Sci Rep 4:4249

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vakkur NV, Herrera ZJ (2013) Corporate Governance Regulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kulkarni VV, Stan G-B, Raman K (2014) A Systems Theoretic Approach to Systems and Synthetic Biology II: Analysis and Design of Cellular Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Sun L, Huang G, Mei H (2008) Validating Access Control Configurations in J2EE Applications. In: Chaudron MRV, Szyperski C, Reussner R (eds) Component-Based Software Engineering: 11th International Symposium, CBSE 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 14-17, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 64–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Health Check: What Controls Our Sex Drive? When And Why Do We Feel Like Sex? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Contract Between the Advanced Research Projects Agency and the University of Kansas for a Study of the Aspects of Rapid Acculturation in the Pacific. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poland MC (2010) New cluster-based routing and multi-channel MAC protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker AL, McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) Bullet in Bronx Takes a Detour, Turning Deadly. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry
AbbreviationInt. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom.
ISSN (print)1435-6163
ISSN (online)1865-4584

Other styles