How to format your references using the Journal of Acute Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Acute Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore MJ. RNA events. No end to nonsense. Science. 2002;298(5592):370-371.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maceyka M, Spiegel S. Sphingolipid metabolites in inflammatory disease. Nature. 2014;510(7503):58-67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prins MW, Welters WJ, Weekamp JW. Fluid control in multichannel structures by electrocapillary pressure. Science. 2001;291(5502):277-280.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kuznetsov AE, Birch KA, Boldyrev AI, Li X, Zhai HJ, Wang LS. All-metal antiaromatic molecule: rectangular Al4(4-) in the Li3Al4(-) anion. Science. 2003;300(5619):622-625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin D, Birkett J, Facey O, Rabey G. The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Bennedsen J, Caspersen ME, Kölling M, eds. Reflections on the Teaching of Programming: Methods and Implementations. Vol 4821. Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Molinari E, Compare A. Psicologia clinica dell’obesità in età pediatrica. In: Giovannini M, Maffeis C, Molinari E, Scaglioni S, eds. Salute & Equilibrio Nutrizionale. Springer; 2006:59-90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Acute Medicine.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. This Titan Submarine is one of Several Futuristic Projects NASA is Funding. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Follow Up of Sanitary Conditions in Selected Food Industries. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang G. Roles of Serotonin 2A Receptor in a Serotonin Syndrome. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR. Trump Gives Mattis Authority to Send More Troops to Afghanistan. New York Times. June 13, 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Acute Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Acute Med.
ISSN (print)2211-5587

Other styles