How to format your references using the Journal of Acute Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Acute Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mills E. Environment. The specter of fuel-based lighting. Science. 2005;308(5726):1263-1264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bada JL, Lazcano A. Origin of life. Some like it hot, but not the first biomolecules. Science. 2002;296(5575):1982-1983.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shikano Y, Wada T, Horikawa J. Discrete-time quantum walk with feed-forward quantum coin. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4427.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eschner J, Raab C, Schmidt-Kaler F, Blatt R. Light interference from single atoms and their mirror images. Nature. 2001;413(6855):495-498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagliamonte SA. Making Waves. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Jónsson Á. The Icelandic Financial Crisis: A Study into the World´s Smallest Currency Area and Its Recovery from Total Banking Collapse. (Sigurgeirsson H, ed.). Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Ide N, Pustejovsky J, Cieri C, et al. The Language Application Grid. In: Murakami Y, Lin D, eds. Worldwide Language Service Infrastructure: Second International Workshop, WLSI 2015, Kyoto, Japan, January 22-23, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2016:51-70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Acute Medicine.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 5 Worlds Elon Musk Could Colonize In The Solar System. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Commercial Space Launch Industry Developments Present Multiple Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gaudet CJ. A General Approach to the Direct Detection of Dark Matter. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Extraterrestrial Fun, Until Someone Gets Hurt. New York Times. March 23, 2017:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Acute Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Acute Med.
ISSN (print)2211-5587

Other styles