How to format your references using the Journal of Acute Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Acute Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glotzer SC. Materials science. Some Assembly Required. Science. 2004;306(5695):419-420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dasgupta P, Ramanathan V. Environment and development. Pursuit of the common good. Science. 2014;345(6203):1457-1458.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zarnetske PL, Skelly DK, Urban MC. Ecology. Biotic multipliers of climate change. Science. 2012;336(6088):1516-1518.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fehér O, Wang H, Saar S, Mitra PP, Tchernichovski O. De novo establishment of wild-type song culture in the zebra finch. Nature. 2009;459(7246):564-568.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Elias H-G. Macromolecules. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2006.
An edited book
Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S, eds. Setting Up Wholly Foreign Owned Enterprises in China. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Barbiero A, Ferrari PA. Simulating Correlated Ordinal and Discrete Variables with Assigned Marginal Distributions. In: Melas VB, Mignani S, Monari P, Salmaso L, eds. Topics in Statistical Simulation: Research Papers from the 7th International Workshop on Statistical Simulation. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer; 2014:37-46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Acute Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J. A Giant Among Dwarfs: New Species Of Dwarf Bushbaby Discovered In Angola. IFLScience. Published February 24, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Small Business Act: NASA’s Disadvantaged Business Advocate Not Reporting to Proper Management Level. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escobedo NL. A continuing bonds grief support group for Latinas who have lost a child: A grant proposal. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court Limits Protection Against Improper Entry. New York Times. June 16, 2006:A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Acute Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Acute Med.
ISSN (print)2211-5587

Other styles