How to format your references using the Journal of Acute Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Acute Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dance I. A molecular pathway for the egress of ammonia produced by nitrogenase. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3237.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kern B, Martin C. Optical pulsations from the anomalous X-ray pulsar 4U0142+61. Nature. 2002;417(6888):527-529.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Araki H, Cooper B, Blouin MS. Genetic effects of captive breeding cause a rapid, cumulative fitness decline in the wild. Science. 2007;318(5847):100-103.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Holzapfel C, Rubie DC, Frost DJ, Langenhorst F. Fe-Mg interdiffusion in (Mg,Fe)SiO3 Perovskite and lower mantle reequilibration. Science. 2005;309(5741):1707-1710.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zlokarnik M. Scale-Up. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Shaw R, ed. Disaster Recovery: Used or Misused Development Opportunity. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jurdziński T. Leftist Grammars Are Non-primitive Recursive. In: Aceto L, Damgård I, Goldberg LA, Halldórsson MM, Ingólfsdóttir A, Walukiewicz I, eds. Automata, Languages and Programming: 35th International Colloquium, ICALP 2008, Reykjavik, Iceland, July 7-11, 2008, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008:51-62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Acute Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. How The Horse Can Help Us Answer One Of Evolution’s Biggest Questions. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-the-horse-can-help-us-answer-one-of-evolutions-biggest-questions/. Published February 10, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Efforts to Assist the Homeless in Seattle. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dhokar A. LabVIEW based simulation and animation for the vibration control of active mass damper. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Zimmerman E. No Country For Old Men. New York Times. August 16, 2013:MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Acute Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Acute Med.
ISSN (print)2211-5587
Scope

Other styles