How to format your references using the Agricultural Water Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Water Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White, B.T., 2012. IBI series winner. Aipotu: simulation from nucleotides to populations and back again. Science 337, 424–425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martinez, G.J., Rao, A., 2012. Immunology. Cooperative transcription factor complexes in control. Science 338, 891–892.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mosey, N.J., Müser, M.H., Woo, T.K., 2005. Molecular mechanisms for the functionality of lubricant additives. Science 307, 1612–1615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nomura, K., Ohta, H., Takagi, A., Kamiya, T., Hirano, M., Hosono, H., 2004. Room-temperature fabrication of transparent flexible thin-film transistors using amorphous oxide semiconductors. Nature 432, 488–492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Relethford, J.H., 2017. 50 Great Myths of Human Evolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Crandall, K.A., Lagergren, J. (Eds.), 2008. Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 8th International Workshop, WABI 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, September 15-19, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Considine, R.V., 2015. Measurement of Circulating Leptin and Soluble Leptin Receptors, in: Sam, D.-J.M. (Ed.), Leptin: Regulation and Clinical Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Water Management.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Science May Have Solved Why Taking Deep Breaths Calms You Down [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Increasing Costs, Competition May Hinder U.S. Position of Leadership in High Energy Physics (No. EMD-80-58). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beattie, L.J., 2013. Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lardner, G., Jr, 2010. No Country for Second Chances. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Martinez and Rao, 2012; White, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martinez and Rao, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Nomura et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Water Management
AbbreviationAgric. Water Manag.
ISSN (print)0378-3774
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Water Science and Technology

Other styles