How to format your references using the Agricultural Water Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Water Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reimer, P.J., 2001. Archaeology. A new twist in the radiocarbon tale. Science 294, 2494–2495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anastasiadou, E., Slack, F.J., 2014. Cancer. Malicious exosomes. Science 346, 1459–1460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nelson, W.A., McCauley, E., Wrona, F.J., 2005. Stage-structured cycles promote genetic diversity in a predator-prey system of Daphnia and algae. Nature 433, 413–417.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Freiman, R.N., Albright, S.R., Zheng, S., Sha, W.C., Hammer, R.E., Tjian, R., 2001. Requirement of tissue-selective TBP-associated factor TAFII105 in ovarian development. Science 293, 2084–2087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nash, J., 2013. Diabetes and Wellbeing. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Pignataro, M., Gioncu, V. (Eds.), 2005. Phenomenological and Mathematical Modelling of Structural Instabilities, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Kruys, J., Qian, L., 2011. The Physics of Spectrum Sharing, in: Qian, L. (Ed.), Sharing RF Spectrum with Commodity Wireless Technologies: Theory and Practice, Signals and Communication Technology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Water Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. 47 Years On, Relive The Apollo 11 Moon Landing Through These Historic Photos [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Focus Continued Attention on Eliminating Duplicative Investments (No. GAO-13-685T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bagley, C.R., 2010. Pint-sized spectacles: American youth beauty queens and the power(ful) dynamic of the institutionalized pageant (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2014. A Tumor, the Embryo’s Evil Twin. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reimer, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Anastasiadou and Slack, 2014; Reimer, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anastasiadou and Slack, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Freiman et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Water Management
AbbreviationAgric. Water Manag.
ISSN (print)0378-3774
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Water Science and Technology

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