How to format your references using the Agricultural Water Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Water Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, C., 2000. ACADEMIC COMMUNITY: Institute Goes to Court to Remove Researcher. Science 290, 683b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knudsen, B.M., Andersen, S.B., 2001. Geophysics. Longitudinal variation in springtime ozone trends. Nature 413, 699–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nabel, G.J., Wei, C.-J., Ledgerwood, J.E., 2011. Vaccinate for the next H2N2 pandemic now. Nature 471, 157–158.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Q., Xue, C., Liu, J.-P., Wu, J.-F., Yang, S.-Q., Shao, C.-G., Quan, L.-D., Tan, W.-H., Tu, L.-C., Liu, Q., Xu, H., Liu, L.-X., Wang, Q.-L., Hu, Z.-K., Zhou, Z.-B., Luo, P.-S., Wu, S.-C., Milyukov, V., Luo, J., 2018. Measurements of the gravitational constant using two independent methods. Nature 560, 582–588.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Linder, B., 2004. Thermodynamics and Introductory Statistical Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Swartz, R., Richmond, S. (Eds.), 2014. The Hazard Called Education by Joseph Agassi: Essays, Reviews, and Dialogues on Education from Forty-Five Years. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Song, H., Guimbretière, F., Ambrose, M.A., Lostritto, C., 2007. CubeExplorer: An Evaluation of Interaction Techniques in Architectural Education, in: Baranauskas, C., Palanque, P., Abascal, J., Barbosa, S.D.J. (Eds.), Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2007: 11th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 10-14, 2007, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Water Management.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Human-Pig ‘Chimeras’ May Provide Vital Transplant Organs, But They Raise Ethical Dilemmas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Earth Observing System: NASA’s EOSDIS Development Approach Is Risky (No. IMTEC-92-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladendorff, M.Z., 2014. The effect of North American Electric Reliability Corporation critical infrastructure protection standards on bulk electric system reliability (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2006. Pirogi, Too Fresh to Be Missed. New York Times NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Holden, 2000; Knudsen and Andersen, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knudsen and Andersen, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Water Management
AbbreviationAgric. Water Manag.
ISSN (print)0378-3774
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Water Science and Technology

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