How to format your references using the Agricultural Water Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Water Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Heuvel, E.P.J., 2006. Astronomy. Pulsar magnetospheres and pulsar death. Science 312, 539–540.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bever, T., Montalbetti, M., 2002. Linguistics. Noam’s Ark. Science 298, 1565–1566.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaul, M., Garden, G.A., Lipton, S.A., 2001. Pathways to neuronal injury and apoptosis in HIV-associated dementia. Nature 410, 988–994.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Young, L., Kanter, E.P., Krässig, B., Li, Y., March, A.M., Pratt, S.T., Santra, R., Southworth, S.H., Rohringer, N., Dimauro, L.F., Doumy, G., Roedig, C.A., Berrah, N., Fang, L., Hoener, M., Bucksbaum, P.H., Cryan, J.P., Ghimire, S., Glownia, J.M., Reis, D.A., Bozek, J.D., Bostedt, C., Messerschmidt, M., 2010. Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays. Nature 466, 56–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M.R., Islam, J.S., Zatzman, G.M., Mughal, M.A.H., Rahman, M.S., 2015. The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Khan, M.T.H. (Ed.), 2007. Bioactive Heterocycles IV, Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pla, L., Casanoves, F., Di Rienzo, J., 2012. How to Estimate Functional Diversity Indices, in: Casanoves, F., Di Rienzo, J. (Eds.), Quantifying Functional Biodiversity, SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 53–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Water Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Two Teams Of Scientists Have Created A New State Of Matter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Summary of Selected GAO Reports (No. GGD-96-193R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, A., 2015. Instructional Practices in Physical Education Programs for Students with Disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2016. A Hockey Luminary Glowed With Modesty. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van den Heuvel, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bever and Montalbetti, 2002; van den Heuvel, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bever and Montalbetti, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Young et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Water Management
AbbreviationAgric. Water Manag.
ISSN (print)0378-3774
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Water Science and Technology

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