How to format your references using the Journal of Acute Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Acute Disease (JAD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Boyce W. Earth monitoring: vigilance is not enough. Nature 2007;450(7171):791–792.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wu Z, Curtin WA. The origins of high hardening and low ductility in magnesium. Nature 2015;526(7571):62–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Donato F, Rompani SB, Caroni P. Parvalbumin-expressing basket-cell network plasticity induced by experience regulates adult learning. Nature 2013;504(7479):272–276.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Manzano G, Galve F, Giorgi GL, Hernández-García E, Zambrini R. Synchronization, quantum correlations and entanglement in oscillator networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:1439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ghavami M, Michael LB, Kohno R. Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Valk AGV der (ed.). Forest Ecology: Recent Advances in Plant Ecology. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Borchani H, Chaouachi M, Ben Amor N. Learning Causal Bayesian Networks from Incomplete Observational Data and Interventions. In: Mellouli K, editor. Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty: 9th European Conference, ECSQARU 2007, Hammamet, Tunisia, October 31 - November 2, 2007. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: 17–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Acute Disease.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Activity Patterns Of The Brain Are As Unique As Fingerprints. IFLScience. 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Perchlorate: Occurrence Is Widespread but at Varying Levels; Federal Agencies Have Taken Some Actions to Respond to and Lessen Releases. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Moyer AS. The A+ Schools Program and School Improvement. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. A Civil War Classic Endures. New York Times. 2016;:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Acute Disease
AbbreviationJ. Acute Dis.
ISSN (print)2221-6189
Scope

Other styles