How to format your references using the Annals of Forest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Forest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morr DK (2014) Physics. Lifting the fog of complexity. Science 343:382–383
A journal article with 2 authors
Charness G, Fehr E (2015) ECONOMICS. From the lab to the real world. Science 350:512–513
A journal article with 3 authors
Mori T, Vale RD, Tomishige M (2007) How kinesin waits between steps. Nature 450:750–754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kamlapure A, Das T, Ganguli SC, et al (2013) Emergence of nanoscale inhomogeneity in the superconducting state of a homogeneously disordered conventional superconductor. Sci Rep 3:2979

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yamarone R (2012) The Trader’s Guide to Key Economic Indicators. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Colombo J (2015) Clinical Autonomic Dysfunction: Measurement, Indications, Therapies, and Outcomes. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gurudev N, Florek M, Corbeil D, Knust E (2013) Prominent Role of Prominin in the Retina. In: Corbeil D (ed) Prominin-1 (CD133): New Insights on Stem & Cancer Stem Cell Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp 55–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Forest Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Technology Allows Water Purification Using Sunlight. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Space Station: NASA Efforts To Establish a Design-To-Life-Cycle Cost Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bourgault RR (2008) Multi-scale pedologic investigation of manganiferous soils in the Maryland Piedmont. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Tricky Draw, and Tricky Hip, Stand in Way of Murray’s Title Defense. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morr 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Morr 2014; Charness and Fehr 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Charness and Fehr 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kamlapure et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Forest Science
AbbreviationAnn. For. Sci.
ISSN (print)1286-4560
ISSN (online)1297-966X

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