How to format your references using the Annals of Forest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Forest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heller E (2000) Electrons in the looking glass. Nature 403:489, 491
A journal article with 2 authors
Griffith LG, Naughton G (2002) Tissue engineering--current challenges and expanding opportunities. Science 295:1009–1014
A journal article with 3 authors
Aronov D, Andalman AS, Fee MS (2008) A specialized forebrain circuit for vocal babbling in the juvenile songbird. Science 320:630–634
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang H-R, Zhang Y, Ozdamar B, et al (2003) Regulation of cell polarity and protrusion formation by targeting RhoA for degradation. Science 302:1775–1779

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raeburn D (2016) Greek Tragedies as Plays for Performance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Peikert R, Hauser H, Carr H, Fuchs R (eds) (2012) Topological Methods in Data Analysis and Visualization II: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Biehl JS (2008) The Insignificance of Choice. In: Chan DK (ed) Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 75–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Forest Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Astronauts Might Eat These Space Food Bars On A Future Mission To The Moon. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Intelligence. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aparicio EM (2015) Examining Latina/o STEM degree aspirations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) A Japanese Writer’s Reveries Are Voiced in Music. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heller 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Heller 2000; Griffith and Naughton 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Griffith and Naughton 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Forest Science
AbbreviationAnn. For. Sci.
ISSN (print)1286-4560
ISSN (online)1297-966X

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