How to format your references using the Annals of Forest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Forest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quirk T (2012) Writers should not fear jargon. Nature 487:407
A journal article with 2 authors
Rudolph ML, Zhong S (2013) Does quadrupole stability imply LLSVP fixity? Nature 503:E3-4
A journal article with 3 authors
Berken A, Thomas C, Wittinghofer A (2005) A new family of RhoGEFs activates the Rop molecular switch in plants. Nature 436:1176–1180
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Thomas RJ, Krehbiel PR, Rison W, et al (2007) Electrical activity during the 2006 Mount St. Augustine volcanic eruptions. Science 315:1097

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry J-F, Brînzei N (2015) Systems Dependability Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Roy U (2016) Impact of Climate Change on Small Scale Hydro-turbine Selections. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Allmendinger R, Knowles J (2015) Ephemeral Resource Constraints in Optimization. In: Datta R, Deb K (eds) Evolutionary Constrained Optimization. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 95–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Forest Science.

Blog post
Taub B (2017) Ruby Seadragon Has Been Seen In The Wild For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Transit Asset Management: Additional Research on Capital Investment Effects Could Help Transit Agencies Optimize Funding. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Picchini AM (2010) Neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus: Modulation of stem cell fate by experience. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) First-Base Prospect Finally Lives the Dream During a Mets Victory. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quirk 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Quirk 2012; Rudolph and Zhong 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rudolph and Zhong 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Thomas et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Forest Science
AbbreviationAnn. For. Sci.
ISSN (print)1286-4560
ISSN (online)1297-966X

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