How to format your references using the Annals of Forest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Forest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batty M (2006) Rank clocks. Nature 444:592–596
A journal article with 2 authors
Esler WP, Wolfe MS (2001) A portrait of Alzheimer secretases--new features and familiar faces. Science 293:1449–1454
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang X, Wang Y, Li M (2014) Selecting water-alcohol mixed solvent for synthesis of polydopamine nano-spheres using solubility parameter. Sci Rep 4:6070
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Swallen SF, Kearns KL, Mapes MK, et al (2007) Organic glasses with exceptional thermodynamic and kinetic stability. Science 315:353–356

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph CL, Bernal S (2016) Modern Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bonakdarpour B, Petit F (eds) (2016) Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 18th International Symposium, SSS 2016, Lyon, France, November 7-10, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
May W, Alferes JJ, Amador R (2005) Active Rules in the Semantic Web: Dealing with Language Heterogeneity. In: Adi A, Stoutenburg S, Tabet S (eds) Rules and Rule Markup Languages for the Semantic Web: First International Conference, RuleML 2005, Galway, Ireland, November 10-12, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 30–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Forest Science.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) What could Be Causing This Bizarre Bubbling Lake? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Sole-Source Contract Awards for Assembly of Radio Communication Systems, AN/GRC-142. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salinsky JL (2012) Local disaster preparedness for the disabled population: Are we ready? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2015) Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times C31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batty 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Esler and Wolfe 2001; Batty 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Esler and Wolfe 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Swallen et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Forest Science
AbbreviationAnn. For. Sci.
ISSN (print)1286-4560
ISSN (online)1297-966X

Other styles