How to format your references using the Annals of Forest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Forest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trainor P (2003) Development. The bills of qucks and duails. Science 299:523–524
A journal article with 2 authors
Losick R, Desplan C (2008) Stochasticity and cell fate. Science 320:65–68
A journal article with 3 authors
Knudson MD, Desjarlais MP, Dolan DH (2008) Shock-wave exploration of the high-pressure phases of carbon. Science 322:1822–1825
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stavrou E, Ahart M, Mahmood MF, Goncharov AF (2013) Probing the different spatial scales of Kel F-800 polymeric glass under pressure. Sci Rep 3:1290

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen S, Huang P (2011) Principles of Tribology. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Kamkin A, Lozinsky I (eds) (2012) Mechanically Gated Channels and their Regulation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Chang D-C, Dafni G, Sadosky C (2005) A Div-Curl Lemma in BMO on a Domain. In: Sabadini I, Struppa DC, Walnut DF (eds) Harmonic Analysis, Signal Processing, and Complexity: Festschrift in Honor of the 60th Birthday of Carlos A. Berenstein. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 55–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Forest Science.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Amoeba Eats Cells Alive, Spits out Corpses. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) SBA Loan Monitoring System: Substantial Progress Yet Key Risks and Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jin R (2017) Graph-Based Rhythm Interpretation in Optical Music Recognition. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2015) Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times C33

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trainor 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Trainor 2003; Losick and Desplan 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losick and Desplan 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Stavrou et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Forest Science
AbbreviationAnn. For. Sci.
ISSN (print)1286-4560
ISSN (online)1297-966X

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