How to format your references using the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sinclair DA. Cell biology. An age of instability. Science. 2003;301:1859–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yamanaka S, Blau HM. Nuclear reprogramming to a pluripotent state by three approaches. Nature. 2010;465:704–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ravishankara AR, Daniel JS, Portmann RW. Nitrous oxide (N2O): the dominant ozone-depleting substance emitted in the 21st century. Science. 2009;326:123–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pighin JA, Zheng H, Balakshin LJ, Goodman IP, Western TL, Jetter R, et al. Plant cuticular lipid export requires an ABC transporter. Science. 2004;306:702–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Declerck P. Discrete Event Systems in Dioid Algebra and Conventional Algebra. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Teebi AS, editor. Genetic Disorders Among Arab Populations. 2nd ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tomascak PB, Magna T, Dohmen R. Lithium in the Deep Earth: Mantle and Crustal Systems. In: Magna T, Dohmen R, editors. Advances in Lithium Isotope Geochemistry. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 119–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Religious Experiences Activate Same Brain Pathways As Sex And Drugs. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Feasibility of Requiring Financial Assurances for the Recall or Destruction of Unsafe Consumer Products. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Apr. Report No.: GAO-09-512R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chandwasker T. Comparison of ad-hoc on demand distance vector and enhanced-ad-hoc on demand distance vector on vehicular ad-hoc networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. For Mets, Gloom and Doom Instead of Sunshine and Smiles. New York Times. 2010 Apr 4;SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
AbbreviationJ. Immunother. Cancer
ISSN (online)2051-1426
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine
Immunology
Immunology and Allergy
Oncology
Pharmacology

Other styles