How to format your references using the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Forrest LR. Structural biology. (Pseudo-)symmetrical transport. Science. 2013;339:399–401.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Walker CL, Stewart EA. Uterine fibroids: the elephant in the room. Science. 2005;308:1589–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lohrer AM, Thrush SF, Gibbs MM. Bioturbators enhance ecosystem function through complex biogeochemical interactions. Nature. 2004;431:1092–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wolf M, van Doorn GS, Leimar O, Weissing FJ. Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities. Nature. 2007;447:581–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Idelberger K. The World of Footbridges. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1. Narhi LO, editor. Biophysics for Therapeutic Protein Development. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Šerić L, Štula M, Stipaničev D, Braović M. Bayesian Proprioceptor for Forest Fire Observer Network. In: Jezic G, Kusek M, Nguyen N-T, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. Agent and Multi-Agent Systems Technologies and Applications: 6th KES International Conference, KES-AMSTA 2012,Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 25-27, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 14–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. African Scientists A Step Closer To Testing For TB In A Matter Of Minutes. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Needs to Ensure New Acquisition Strategy is Based on Sufficient Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Sep. Report No.: GAO-11-641.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Linsenmeyer JP. A Nice Place to Live and Work: A Mixed-Methods Case Study of a Residential Life Living-Learning Community and Employment Model at a Top-Tier Midwestern University [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Baker P, Schmidt MS, Haberman M. Trump Lashes Out At Russia Inquiry And Its Overseers. New York Times. 2017 Jul 19;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
AbbreviationJ. Immunother. Cancer
ISSN (online)2051-1426
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine
Immunology
Immunology and Allergy
Oncology
Pharmacology

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