How to format your references using the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McAuley P. Danger--hard hack area. Nature. 2000;404:21.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ottino JM, Lueptow RM. Materials science. On mixing and demixing. Science. 2008;319:912–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Catrysse PB, Liu V, Fan S. Complete power concentration into a single waveguide in large-scale waveguide array lenses. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6635.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Arimura Y, Shirayama K, Horikoshi N, Fujita R, Taguchi H, Kagawa W, et al. Crystal structure and stable property of the cancer-associated heterotypic nucleosome containing CENP-A and H3.3. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stoop I, Billiet J, Koch A, Fitzgerald R. Improving Survey Response. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Hui P. Atlas of Intraoperative Frozen Section Diagnosis in Gynecologic Pathology. 1st ed. 2015. Buza N, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Schneider K. Comment on: EU Export Specialization Patterns in Selected Accession Countries. In: Welfens PJJ, Wziątek-Kubiak A, editors. Structural Change and Exchange Rate Dynamics: The Economics of EU Eastern Enlargement. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 73–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Can You Solve This Math Problem That Went Viral In Japan? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/can-you-solve-math-problem-went-viral-japan/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. USCIS Transformation: Improvements to Performance, Human Capital, and Information Technology Management Needed as Modernization Proceeds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jul. Report No.: GAO-07-1013R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hertzog L. Development and implementation of a prenatal postpartum depression education program for nurse practitioner students at California State University Long Beach [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McKINLEY JC Jr, Baker AL, Southall A. Grandmother’s Killing Lays Bare Dilemma in Child Welfare Work. New York Times. 2016 Nov 8;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
AbbreviationJ. Immunother. Cancer
ISSN (online)2051-1426
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine
Immunology
Immunology and Allergy
Oncology
Pharmacology

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