How to format your references using the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Golombek MP. Planetary science. The surface of Mars: not just dust and rocks. Science. 2003;300:2043–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rignot E, Jacobs SS. Rapid bottom melting widespread near Antarctic Ice Sheet grounding lines. Science. 2002;296:2020–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Holm MS, Saravanamurugan S, Taarning E. Conversion of sugars to lactic acid derivatives using heterogeneous zeotype catalysts. Science. 2010;328:602–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dikin DA, Stankovich S, Zimney EJ, Piner RD, Dommett GHB, Evmenenko G, et al. Preparation and characterization of graphene oxide paper. Nature. 2007;448:457–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. “MAX” Maxfield C, Brown A. The Definitive Guide to How Computers Do Math. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Mazzaferri EL, Harmer C, Mallick UK, Kendall-Taylor P, editors. Practical Management of Thyroid Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. London: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kasahara Y, Matsuyama T, Taguchi A. Treatment of Autologous Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells for Acute and Subacute Stroke. In: Hess DC, editor. Cell Therapy for Brain Injury. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. No Turning Back As Earth Permanently Passes CO2 Threshold [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/no-turning-back-as-earth-permanently-passes-co2-threshold/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Competitiveness: The Challenge of the Deficit. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Apr. Report No.: 144362.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cagle West M. Effective software engineering leadership for development programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Perlroth N, Wines M, Rosenberg M. Little Effort to Investigate in States Targeted by Election Hacking. New York Times. 2017 Sep 1;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
AbbreviationJ. Immunother. Cancer
ISSN (online)2051-1426
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine
Immunology
Immunology and Allergy
Oncology
Pharmacology

Other styles