How to format your references using the Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nicklin C. Chemistry. Capturing surface processes. Science. 2014;343:739–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shcheka SS, Keppler H. The origin of the terrestrial noble-gas signature. Nature. 2012;490:531–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Head IM, Jones DM, Larter SR. Biological activity in the deep subsurface and the origin of heavy oil. Nature. 2003;426:344–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bonnet-Mercier N, Wong RA, Thomas ML, Dutta A, Yamanaka K, Yogi C, et al. A structured three-dimensional polymer electrolyte with enlarged active reaction zone for Li-O2 batteries. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Picard F, Tanguy C. Innovations and Techno-ecological Transition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Jeyakumar V. Nonsmooth Vector Functions and Continuous Optimization. Luc DT, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bushfield SY. Survivorship Issues Among Muslim Women with Cancer. In: Fitzpatrick TR, editor. Treating Vulnerable Populations of Cancer Survivors: A Biopsychosocial Approach. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 55–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Artistic Squirrel Carves His Own Jack-O-Lantern [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intermodal Transportation: Potential Strategies Would Redefine Federal Role in Developing Airport Intermodal Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jul. Report No.: GAO-05-727.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wager L. Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Looking for Wiseguys In the Land of Checked Tablecloths. New York Times. 2002 Dec 1;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBorderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
AbbreviationBorderline Personal. Disord. Emot. Dysregul.
ISSN (online)2051-6673

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