How to format your references using the Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Till C. Earth science: Big geochemistry. Nature. 2015;523:293–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sarafianos SG, Arnold E. Biochemistry. RT slides home. Science. 2008;322:1059–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stassun KG, Mathieu RD, Valenti JA. Discovery of two young brown dwarfs in an eclipsing binary system. Nature. 2006;440:311–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kitchen D, Richardella A, Tang J-M, Flatté ME, Yazdani A. Atom-by-atom substitution of Mn in GaAs and visualization of their hole-mediated interactions. Nature. 2006;442:436–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stamp M. Information Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Wang D. Robust Filtering and Fault Detection of Switched Delay Systems. Shi P, Wang W, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ruuge AE, Van Oystaeyen F. Automorphisms of Finite Orthoalgebras, Exceptional Root Systems and Quantum Mechanics. In: Silvestrov S, Paal E, Abramov V, Stolin A, editors. Generalized Lie Theory in Mathematics, Physics and Beyond. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 39–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. What Can A 1.7-Million-Year-Old Hominid Fossil Teach Us About Cancer? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Schools Closed Since l969 as a Result of Actions To Promote Racial Balance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Jan. Report No.: B-164031(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bathon JM. Examining the characteristics of school leaders and of local schools where Indiana educational leadership preparation programs place their graduates [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Sect Allowed to Import Its Hallucinogenic Tea. New York Times. 2006 Feb 22;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBorderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
AbbreviationBorderline Personal. Disord. Emot. Dysregul.
ISSN (online)2051-6673

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