How to format your references using the Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McGill BJ. A test of the unified neutral theory of biodiversity. Nature. 2003;422:881–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fratzl P, Barth FG. Biomaterial systems for mechanosensing and actuation. Nature. 2009;462:442–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Miles MA, Yeo M, Mauricio IL. Genetics. Leishmania exploit sex. Science. 2009;324:187–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Temelkuran B, Hart SD, Benoit G, Joannopoulos JD, Fink Y. Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission. Nature. 2002;420:650–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Zhang B, Qiu D. Sneak Circuits of Power Electronic Converters. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Kupiszewski M, editor. International Migration and the Future of Populations and Labour in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jones CM, Darzi A, Athanasiou T. Diagnostic Tests. In: Darzi A, Athanasiou T, editors. Evidence Synthesis in Healthcare: A Practical Handbook for Clinicians. London: Springer; 2011. p. 115–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Discovery Of Oldest Croc Eggs Date From 152 Million Years Ago [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Triennial Assessment of the Tennessee Valley Authority--Fiscal Years 1977-1979. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Aug. Report No.: EMD-80-91.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Iniguez D. Mentoring through performing arts; A grant proposal for at risk youth in middle school [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Foot in the Door. New York Times. 2010 Jun 30;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBorderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
AbbreviationBorderline Personal. Disord. Emot. Dysregul.
ISSN (online)2051-6673

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