How to format your references using the International Studies in Catholic Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Catholic Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donath, Judith. 2007. “Computer Science. Virtually Trustworthy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5834): 53–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller, Ulrike K., and David Lentink. 2004. “Physiology. Turning on a Dime.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5703): 1899–1900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biek, Roman, Alexei J. Drummond, and Mary Poss. 2006. “A Virus Reveals Population Structure and Recent Demographic History of Its Carnivore Host.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5760): 538–541.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wilf, Peter, Conrad C. Labandeira, Kirk R. Johnson, and Beth Ellis. 2006. “Decoupled Plant and Insect Diversity after the End-Cretaceous Extinction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5790): 1112–1115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karamalidis, Athanasios K., and David A. Dzombak. 2010. Surface Complexation Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bridges, Douglas S. 2011. Apartness and Uniformity: A Constructive Development. Edited by Luminiţa Simona Vîţă. Theory and Applications of Computability, In Cooperation with the Association Computability in Europe. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Falez, F., and M. Papalia. 2005. “Le Vie Di Accesso Nelle Artroprotesi Di Ginocchio Di Primo Impianto.” In La Protesi Di Ginocchio Di Primo Impianto, edited by N. Pace, 63–82. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Catholic Education.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. “Low Oxygen Levels In The Ocean Could Lead To More Wildfires In The Future.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Health Care Workforce: Federally Funded Training Programs in Fiscal Year 2012. GAO-13-709R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, Mai. 2010. “Therapeutic Groups for Adults with Mental Illness and Their Caregivers: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, Michael. 2017. “‘A Doll’s House, Part 2’ Is Closing on Broadway.” New York Times, September 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donath 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Donath 2007; Müller and Lentink 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Müller and Lentink 2004)
  • Three authors: (Biek, Drummond, and Poss 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wilf et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Catholic Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Cathol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1942-2539
ISSN (online)1942-2547
ScopeReligious studies

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