How to format your references using the International Studies in Catholic Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Catholic Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham, M. 2000. “A Cellular Cornucopia.” Nature 408 (6814): 773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ricklefs, Robert E., and Susanne S. Renner. 2012. “Global Correlations in Tropical Tree Species Richness and Abundance Reject Neutrality.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6067): 464–467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, Seyun, Pauline Wong, and Pierre A. Coulombe. 2006. “A Keratin Cytoskeletal Protein Regulates Protein Synthesis and Epithelial Cell Growth.” Nature 441 (7091): 362–365.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sarkar, Ananda K., Marijn Luijten, Shunsuke Miyashima, Michael Lenhard, Takashi Hashimoto, Keiji Nakajima, Ben Scheres, Renze Heidstra, and Thomas Laux. 2007. “Conserved Factors Regulate Signalling in Arabidopsis Thaliana Shoot and Root Stem Cell Organizers.” Nature 446 (7137): 811–814.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorronsoro, Bernabé, Patricia Ruiz, Grégoire Danoy, Yoann Pigné, and Pascal Bouvry. 2014. Evolutionary Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Abraham, Ajith, Crina Grosan, and Vitorino Ramos, eds. 2006. Swarm Intelligence in Data Mining. Vol. 34. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Medeiros, Maria Franco Trindade. 2016. “Historical Ethnobiology.” In Introduction to Ethnobiology, edited by Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque and Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves, 19–24. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Catholic Education.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Jupiter and Venus to Align Early Monday Morning.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Quality of Weather Forecasts and Opportunity for Improvements. CED-78-33. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tromp, Mary. 2015. “Bayesian Monitoring of Clinical Trials: Examples Using Conjugate Priors.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, William. 2014. “Colombia and Rebels Agree to Talks.” New York Times, December 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckingham 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Buckingham 2000; Ricklefs and Renner 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ricklefs and Renner 2012)
  • Three authors: (Kim, Wong, and Coulombe 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sarkar et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Catholic Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Cathol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1942-2539
ISSN (online)1942-2547
ScopeReligious studies

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