How to format your references using the International Studies in Catholic Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Catholic Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, Carol J. 2005. “Chemistry. Bridging a Gap in Actinide Chemistry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5742): 1823–1824.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perutz, M. F., and A. H. Windle. 2001. “Cause of Neural Death in Neurodegenerative Diseases Attributable to Expansion of Glutamine Repeats.” Nature 412 (6843): 143–144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Katz, S. L., D. A. Syme, and R. E. Shadwick. 2001. “High-Speed Swimming. Enhanced Power in Yellowfin Tuna.” Nature 410 (6830): 770–771.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Konishi, Yoshiyuki, Judith Stegmüller, Takahiko Matsuda, Shirin Bonni, and Azad Bonni. 2004. “Cdh1-APC Controls Axonal Growth and Patterning in the Mammalian Brain.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5660): 1026–1030.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neupert, Richard. 2011. French Animation History. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Oshri, Ilan, Julia Kotlarsky, and Leslie P. Willcocks, eds. 2015. Achieving Success and Innovation in Global Sourcing: Perspectives and Practices: 9th Global Sourcing Workshop 2015, La Thuile, Italy, February 18-21, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 236. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, Zan, and Jie Chen. 2014. “Housing Affordability in Urban China: National Study.” In Housing Affordability and Housing Policy in Urban China, edited by Jie Chen, 59–72. SpringerBriefs in Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Catholic Education.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Amateur Observations Help Predict Vast Bird Migrations.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Charges Made by the National Federation of the Blind Against the National Accreditation Council for Agencies Serving the Blind and Visually Handicapped. B-176886. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khalili, Ashkan. 2017. “Spectrally Formulated User-Defined Element in Abaqus for Wave Motion Analysis and Health Monitoring of Composite Structures.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “A Raid on Men’s Closets.” New York Times, June 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Burns 2005; Perutz and Windle 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perutz and Windle 2001)
  • Three authors: (Katz, Syme, and Shadwick 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Konishi et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Catholic Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Cathol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1942-2539
ISSN (online)1942-2547
ScopeReligious studies

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