How to format your references using the International Studies in Catholic Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Catholic Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, Thomas D. 2010. “Physics. Fishing Antihypernuclei out of a Quark-Gluon Soup.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5974): 55–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulze, Almut, and Adrian L. Harris. 2012. “How Cancer Metabolism Is Tuned for Proliferation and Vulnerable to Disruption.” Nature 491 (7424): 364–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aarts, Dirk G. A. L., Matthias Schmidt, and Henk N. W. Lekkerkerker. 2004. “Direct Visual Observation of Thermal Capillary Waves.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5672): 847–850.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Arase, Hisashi, Edward S. Mocarski, Ann E. Campbell, Ann B. Hill, and Lewis L. Lanier. 2002. “Direct Recognition of Cytomegalovirus by Activating and Inhibitory NK Cell Receptors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5571): 1323–1326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duggan, Dominic. 2012. Enterprise Software Architecture and Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lawrenz, Wolfhard, ed. 2013. CAN System Engineering: From Theory to Practical Applications. 2nd ed. 2013. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Layer, Edward, and Krzysztof Tomczyk. 2010. “Model Development.” In Measurements, Modelling and Simulation of Dynamic Systems, edited by Krzysztof Tomczyk, 83–126. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Catholic Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “This Ultrathin ‘Invisibility Cloak’ Makes It Impossible To See Microscopic Objects.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Problems Persist in Justice’s ADP Management and Organizations. T-IMTEC-91-2. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Englebrecht, Karol Meza. 2012. “Healing the Invisible Wounds: A Grant Proposal for Female Veterans Suffering from PTSD.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, Linda. 2014. “Making Headlines With Their Vows.” New York Times, June 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen 2010; Schulze and Harris 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulze and Harris 2012)
  • Three authors: (Aarts, Schmidt, and Lekkerkerker 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Arase et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Catholic Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Cathol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1942-2539
ISSN (online)1942-2547
ScopeReligious studies

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