How to format your references using the International Studies in Catholic Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Catholic Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayr, Ernst. 2004. “Happy Birthday: 80 Years of Watching the Evolutionary Scenery.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5680): 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moir, Susan, and Anthony S. Fauci. 2010. “Immunology. Salmonella Susceptibility.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5977): 439–440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pielke, Roger, Jr, Tom Wigley, and Christopher Green. 2008. “Dangerous Assumptions.” Nature 452 (7187): 531–532.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, Hua Gui, Cheng Hua Sun, Shi Zhang Qiao, Jin Zou, Gang Liu, Sean Campbell Smith, Hui Ming Cheng, and Gao Qing Lu. 2008. “Anatase TiO2 Single Crystals with a Large Percentage of Reactive Facets.” Nature 453 (7195): 638–641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagasawa, Mitsuru. 2015. Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics. Advances in Chemical Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Maciocco, Giovanni. 2009. People and Space: New Forms of Interaction in the City Project. Edited by Silvano Tagliagambe. 1st ed. Vol. 5. Urban and Landscape Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kowada, Luis Antonio B., Rodrigo de A. Hausen, and Celina M. H. de Figueiredo. 2010. “Bounds on the Transposition Distance for Lonely Permutations.” In Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: 5th Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2010, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 31-September 3, 2010. Proceedings, edited by Carlos E. Ferreira, Satoru Miyano, and Peter F. Stadler, 35–46. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Catholic Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “We Have a More Fragile Skeleton Than Our Hunter-Gatherer Ancestors.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Federal Documents in Languages Other Than English Published and Distributed in Calendar Years 1995-1997. GGD-98-99R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thiss, Patrick J. 2009. “Effects of Dedicated Academic Support Services on the Persistence Rates of California Community College Student-Athletes.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. “Paradise.” New York Times, October 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mayr 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mayr 2004; Moir and Fauci 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moir and Fauci 2010)
  • Three authors: (Pielke, Wigley, and Green 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Catholic Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Cathol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1942-2539
ISSN (online)1942-2547
ScopeReligious studies

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