How to format your references using the International Studies in Catholic Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Studies in Catholic Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woolston, Chris. 2015. “Breast Cancer.” Nature 527 (7578): S101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guo, Xiaojun, and S. R. P. Silva. 2008. “Engineering. High-Performance Transistors by Design.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5876): 618–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glasauer, Susan, Sean Langley, and Terry J. Beveridge. 2002. “Intracellular Iron Minerals in a Dissimilatory Iron-Reducing Bacterium.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5552): 117–119.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
van der Marel, D., H. J. A. Molegraaf, J. Zaanen, Z. Nussinov, F. Carbone, A. Damascelli, H. Eisaki, M. Greven, P. H. Kes, and M. Li. 2003. “Quantum Critical Behaviour in a High-T(c) Superconductor.” Nature 425 (6955): 271–274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoder, Claude H., Phyllis A. Leber, and Marcus W. Thomsen. 2010. The Bridge to Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sullivan, Peter. 2013. Teaching with Tasks for Effective Mathematics Learning. Edited by Doug Clarke and Barbara Clarke. Vol. 104. Mathematics Teacher Education. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder, Mrinmoy, Rabindra Nath Barman, Bipal K. Jana, Pankaj Roy, and Asis Mazumdar. 2010. “Application of Parity Classified Neurogenetic Models to Analyze the Impact of Climatic Uncertainty on Water Footprint.” In Impact of Climate Change on Natural Resource Management, edited by Bipal K. Jana and Mrinmoy Majumder, 71–92. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Studies in Catholic Education.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Two Colossal Blobs Of Molten Rock Are Hiding Under Africa And The Pacific Ocean.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Aviation Safety: FAA Has Increased Efforts to Address Runway Incursions. GAO-08-1169T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fahmy, Chantal. 2012. “Intoxicated by Music: A Content Analysis of the Prevalence of Alcohol, Illicit Substances, and Tobacco in Popular Music from 2000 to 2011.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2015. “The Progressive Who Didn’t Pass ‘Go.’” New York Times, February 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Woolston 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Woolston 2015; Guo and Silva 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guo and Silva 2008)
  • Three authors: (Glasauer, Langley, and Beveridge 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (van der Marel et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Studies in Catholic Education
AbbreviationInt. Stud. Cathol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1942-2539
ISSN (online)1942-2547
ScopeReligious studies

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