How to format your references using the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischer, R. (2008). Developmental biology. Sex and poison in the dark. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1430–1431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Du, J.-L., & Poo, M.-M. (2004). Rapid BDNF-induced retrograde synaptic modification in a developing retinotectal system. Nature, 429(6994), 878–883.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyners, M., Eberhart-Phillips, D., & Stuart, G. (2007). The role of fluids in lower-crustal earthquakes near continental rifts. Nature, 446(7139), 1075–1078.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhu, Z., Dennell, R., Huang, W., Wu, Y., Qiu, S., Yang, S., et al. (2018). Hominin occupation of the Chinese Loess Plateau since about 2.1 million years ago. Nature, 559(7715), 608–612.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alsop, A. (2013). Continuing Professional Development in Health and Social Care. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ramanathan, A. L., Bhattacharya, P., Dittmar, T., Prasad, M. B. K., & Neupane, B. R. (Eds.). (2010). Management and Sustainable Development of Coastal Zone Environments. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bamunuarachchige, T. C., Wickramasinghe, H. A. M., Dissanayaka, D. M. J. C., & Wickramarathna, N. A. D. (2011). Genetic Engineering of Probiotic Microorganisms. In M.-T. Liong (Ed.), Probiotics: Biology, Genetics and Health Aspects (pp. 109–138). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 28). Gustavito The Beloved Hippo Murdered In El Salvador Zoo. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Whole-Body Irradiation Program at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center, and DOD’s Policy on the Use of Human Subjects for Medical Research (No. B-164031(2)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, A. O. (2009). Observing action research processes in practice (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, April 6). Serving Ham on Soignée Silk. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fischer 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Du and Poo 2004; Fischer 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Du and Poo 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Philosophy of Religion
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Relig.
ISSN (print)0020-7047
ISSN (online)1572-8684

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