How to format your references using the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schoof, C. (2010). Ice-sheet acceleration driven by melt supply variability. Nature, 468(7325), 803–806.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suzuki, S., & Kimura, H. (2013). Indirect reciprocity is sensitive to costs of information transfer. Scientific reports, 3, 1435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roditi, H. A., Fisher, N. S., & Sañudo-Wilhelmy, S. A. (2000). Uptake of dissolved organic carbon and trace elements by zebra mussels. Nature, 407(6800), 78–80.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Turgeon, J. L., McDonnell, D. P., Martin, K. A., & Wise, P. M. (2004). Hormone therapy: physiological complexity belies therapeutic simplicity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5675), 1269–1273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Çayirci, E., & Rong, C. (2009). Security in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Islam, S. M. N. (2009). Performance Measurement in Corporate Governance: DEA Modelling and Implications for Organisational Behaviour and Supply Chain Management. (A. Manzoni, Ed.). Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.
A chapter in an edited book
Bayley, D. H., & Weisburd, D. (2011). Cops and Spooks: The Role of Police in Counterterrorism. In D. Weisburd, T. Feucht, I. Hakimi, L. Mock, & S. Perry (Eds.), To Protect and To Serve: Policing in an Age of Terrorism (pp. 81–99). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, June 19). The Hydrocarbon Winds of Titan Explained. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Criteria Needed for Measuring Technical Assistance Results and Contractor Performance (No. B-160789). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dallara, A. (2017). The “femme-homme” of the French Revolution: Gender boundaries and masculinization (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, G., Kakissis, J., Ferren, A., Sherwood, S., Williams, I. K., Parla, K., et al. (2011, April 17). 15 Cities, Wrapped in a Bow, for Under $100. New York Times, p. TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schoof 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Schoof 2010; Suzuki and Kimura 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Suzuki and Kimura 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Turgeon et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Philosophy of Religion
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Relig.
ISSN (print)0020-7047
ISSN (online)1572-8684

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