How to format your references using the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelson, S. (2008). Big data: The Harvard computers. Nature, 455(7209), 36–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rui, G., & Zhan, Q. (2014). Highly sensitive beam steering with plasmonic antenna. Scientific reports, 4, 5962.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merkle, F. T., Mirzadeh, Z., & Alvarez-Buylla, A. (2007). Mosaic organization of neural stem cells in the adult brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5836), 381–384.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Poremba, A., Malloy, M., Saunders, R. C., Carson, R. E., Herscovitch, P., & Mishkin, M. (2004). Species-specific calls evoke asymmetric activity in the monkey’s temporal poles. Nature, 427(6973), 448–451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steland, A. (2012). Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Carson, C. C. (2007). Management of Erectile Dysfunction in Clinical Practice. (J. D. Dean, Ed.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
King, J. A., & Chaney, E. E. (2011). Passing for Black in Seventeenth-Century Maryland. In M. C. Beaudry & J. Symonds (Eds.), Interpreting the Early Modern World: Transatlantic Perspectives (pp. 87–112). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, August 15). Polio Reported In Nigeria After Two Years With Zero Cases. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Highway Demonstration Projects: Improved Selection and Funding Controls Are Needed (No. RCED-91-146). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lam, N. N. (2013). The effect of racial disparities and adult supervision in Human Papillomavirus knowledge among female adolescents (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, January 22). CLINTON CANCELS BAIRD NOMINATION FOR JUSTICE DEPT. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nelson 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Nelson 2008; Rui and Zhan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rui and Zhan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Poremba et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Philosophy of Religion
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Relig.
ISSN (print)0020-7047
ISSN (online)1572-8684

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