How to format your references using the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brouns, S. J. J. (2012). Molecular biology. A Swiss army knife of immunity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6096), 808–809.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato, T., & Clevers, H. (2013). Growing self-organizing mini-guts from a single intestinal stem cell: mechanism and applications. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6137), 1190–1194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaillard, F., Scaillet, B., & Arndt, N. T. (2011). Atmospheric oxygenation caused by a change in volcanic degassing pressure. Nature, 478(7368), 229–232.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Presley, J. F., Ward, T. H., Pfeifer, A. C., Siggia, E. D., Phair, R. D., & Lippincott-Schwartz, J. (2002). Dissection of COPI and Arf1 dynamics in vivo and role in Golgi membrane transport. Nature, 417(6885), 187–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sóbester, A., & Forrester, A. I. J. (2014). Aircraft Aerodynamic Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Calderer, M.-C. T., & Terentjev, E. M. (Eds.). (2005). Modeling of Soft Matter (Vol. 141). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fang, L., & Wang, Y. (2016). A Study of the Methods for the Division of the Boundary Between Urban and Rural Areas Based on Multiple Conditions: A Case Study of Xi’an. In F. Bian & Y. Xie (Eds.), Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: Third International Conference, GRMSE 2015, Wuhan, China, October 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 48–59). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, August 15). Scientists Overwhelmingly Reject Chemtrail Conspiracy Theories. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Adult Education: Measuring Program Results Has Been Challenging (No. HEHS-95-153). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allyasin, F. (2010). Low-cost frequency-domain methods of ruby fluorescence lifetime measurements (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James, S. (2017, February 19). Losing a Fortune. New York Times, p. F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brouns 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brouns 2012; Sato and Clevers 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sato and Clevers 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Presley et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Philosophy of Religion
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Relig.
ISSN (print)0020-7047
ISSN (online)1572-8684

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