How to format your references using the International Journal for Philosophy of Religion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Costandi, M. (2014). Rehabilitation: machine recovery. Nature, 510(7506), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cadwell, K., & Coscoy, L. (2005). Ubiquitination on nonlysine residues by a viral E3 ubiquitin ligase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5731), 127–130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bastos-Aristizabal, S., Kozlov, G., & Gehring, K. (2014). Structure of the substrate-binding b’ domain of the Protein Disulfide Isomerase-Like protein of the Testis. Scientific reports, 4, 4464.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Y.-F., Liu, F., Long, Z.-L., Duan, X.-J., Cui, Q., Yan, J. H., & Chen, H.-F. (2014). Steady-state BOLD response modulates low frequency neural oscillations. Scientific reports, 4, 7376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, M. (2015). Inside the Crystal Ball. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chen, H., Brandt, L., Gregg, V., Traunmüller, R., Dawes, S., Hovy, E., et al. (Eds.). (2008). Digital Government: E-Government Research, Case Studies, and Implementation (Vol. 17). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Morris, P. (2015). A Window on the World—Wildlife Dioramas. In S. D. Tunnicliffe & A. Scheersoi (Eds.), Natural History Dioramas: History, Construction and Educational Role (pp. 33–37). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Philosophy of Religion.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, April 7). “Alien-Like” Creature Rescued. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Air Traffic Control: Characteristics and Performance of Selected International Air Navigation Service Providers and Lessons Learned from Their Commercialization (No. GAO-05-769). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villegas, B. (2009). The optimization and characterization of superconducting magnesium diboride thin films (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Buckley, C. (2013, April 18). Grad Student With Eye On Career in Finance Is Mourned in China. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Costandi 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cadwell and Coscoy 2005; Costandi 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cadwell and Coscoy 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Philosophy of Religion
AbbreviationInt. J. Philos. Relig.
ISSN (print)0020-7047
ISSN (online)1572-8684

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