How to format your references using the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D.
Nuts and bolts. Nature 426: 588.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hernanz, M. and Sala, G.
A classical nova, V2487 Oph 1998, seen in x-rays before and after its explosion. Science (New York, NY) 298: 393–395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nuth, J. A., 3rd; Hill, H. G.; and Kletetschka, G.
Determining the ages of comets from the fraction of crystalline dust. Nature 406: 275–276.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Neutze, R.; Wouts, R.; van der Spoel, D. et al.
Potential for biomolecular imaging with femtosecond X-ray pulses. Nature 406: 752–757.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massotte, P. and Corsi, P.
Smart Decisions in Complex Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Haas, M., ed.
Management of Innovation in Network Industries: The Mobile Internet in Japan and Europe. Wiesbaden: DUV.
A chapter in an edited book
Ellerton, N. F. and Clements, M. A.
Daughters of the Revolution: Martha and Elisabeth Ryan’s Cyphering Book, Circa 1780. Pp. 49–96 in Abraham Lincoln’s Cyphering Book and Ten other Extraordinary Cyphering Books, ed. M. A. (ken) Clements. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E.
<div class="csl-left-margin">2014</div><div class="csl-right-inline">Exozodiacal Light Could Hinder Direct Imaging of Earth-Like Exoplanets. <i>IFLScience</i>. (accessed October 30, 2018).</div>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
<div class="csl-left-margin">1997</div><div class="csl-right-inline"> <i>Federal Communications Commission: Broadcast Services, Television Broadcast Stations, and TV Transmission Standards</i>. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.</div>

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsu, Y.-T.
<div class="csl-left-margin">2017</div><div class="csl-right-inline"> <i>Input and Uptake in High School EFL Students’ Multiple-Draft Writing Process: A Case Study of a Taiwanese High School EFL Classroom</i>. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University.</div>

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C.
<div class="csl-left-margin">2012</div><div class="csl-right-inline"> Personal Finance Advice, Taken to the Woodshed. <i>New York Times</i> BU6.</div>

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hernanz and Sala 2002; Koen 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hernanz and Sala 2002)
  • Three authors: (Nuth, Hill, and Kletetschka 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Neutze et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
ISSN (print)0003-097X

Other styles