How to format your references using the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balter, M.
ARCHAEOLOGY: Paintings in Italian Cave May Be Oldest Yet. Science (New York, NY) 290: 419–421.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margoliash, D. and Hale, M. E.
Neuroscience. Vertebrate vocalizations. Science (New York, NY) 321: 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn, Y.-Y.; Bagrow, J. P.; and Lehmann, S.
Link communities reveal multiscale complexity in networks. Nature 466: 761–764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wood, J. N.; Glynn, D. D.; Phillips, B. C. et al.
The perception of rational, goal-directed action in nonhuman primates. Science (New York, NY) 317: 1402–1405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou, C.
Modeling the Effect of Damage in Composite Structures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Anastassiou, G. A. and Duman, O., eds.
Advances in Applied Mathematics and Approximation Theory: Contributions from AMAT 2012. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wiltgen, B. J.; Brown, R. A. M.; Talton, L. E. et al.
Towards a Molecular and Cellular Understanding of Remote Memory. Pp. 59–67 in Memories: Molecules and Circuits, eds. B. Bontempi, A. J. Silva, and Y. Christen. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S.
First Baby Born From Womb Transplant. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
Travel System Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, J.
Community based human trafficking awareness program: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K.
Keep ’Em Coming. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balter 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Balter 2000; Margoliash and Hale 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Margoliash and Hale 2008)
  • Three authors: (Ahn, Bagrow, and Lehmann 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wood et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
ISSN (print)0003-097X

Other styles