How to format your references using the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchanan, M.
The best is yet to come. Nature 447: 39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bezdek, R. and Wendling, R.
Recruiters and industry. Job creation and environmental protection. Nature 434: 678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohde, D. L. T.; Olson, S.; and Chang, J. T.
Modelling the recent common ancestry of all living humans. Nature 431: 562–566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, J.; Liu, X.; Huang, J. et al.
Magnetic assembly-mediated enhancement of differentiation of mouse bone marrow cells cultured on magnetic colloidal assemblies. Scientific reports 4: 5125.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, J.
Telecosmos. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Guelfi, N. and Buchs, D., eds.
Rapid Integration of Software Engineering Techniques: Third International Workshop, RISE 2006, Geneva, Switzerland, September 13-15, 2006. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dorożyński, T. and Kuna-Marszałek, A.
Attracting FDI to the New EU Member States. Pp. 65–87 in Competitiveness of CEE Economies and Businesses: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Challenges and Opportunities, eds. P. Trąpczyński, Ł. Puślecki, and M. Jarosiński. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, C.
New Dead Sea Scrolls Cave Discovered In Israel. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
[Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tarar, W. A.
A New Finite Element Procedure for Fatigue Life Predictionand High Strain Rate Assessment of Cold Worked Advanced High Strength Steel. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.
From Rugs to Kebabs. New York Times NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchanan 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bezdek and Wendling 2005; Buchanan 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bezdek and Wendling 2005)
  • Three authors: (Rohde, Olson, and Chang 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
ISSN (print)0003-097X

Other styles