How to format your references using the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ehlers, M. D.
Eppendorf 2003 prize-winning essay. Ubiquitin and the deconstruction of synapses. Science (New York, NY) 302: 800–801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berman, D. E. and Dudai, Y.
Memory extinction, learning anew, and learning the new: dissociations in the molecular machinery of learning in cortex. Science (New York, NY) 291: 2417–2419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lebedev, S.; Chevrot, S.; and van der Hilst, R. D.
Seismic evidence for olivine phase changes at the 410- and 660-kilometer discontinuities. Science (New York, NY) 296: 1300–1302.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tanaka, H.; Okano, Y.; Kobayashi, H. et al.
A three-dimensional synthetic metallic crystal composed of single-component molecules. Science (New York, NY) 291: 285–287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski, E. G.
Hydromechanics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Nielsen, P. M. F.; Wittek, A.; and Miller, K., eds.
Computational Biomechanics for Medicine: Deformation and Flow. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, E.; Lee, S.; Chung, Y. et al.
Ensuring Confidentiality and Integrity of Multimedia Data on Multi-core Platforms. Pp. 42–51 in Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 10th International Conference, ICA3PP 2010, Busan, Korea, May 21-23, 2010. Workshops, Part II, eds. C.-H. Hsu, L. T. Yang, J. H. Park, et al. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.
Watch Live As NASA Makes A Major Exoplanet Announcement Today. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
Computer Capacity: IRS Must Better Estimate Its Computer Resource Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eng, R.
Exploring Investors’ Decision Making Processes During the 2008 Financial Crisis Using Epstein’s Cognitive Experiential Self-Theory: A Multiple-case Study. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.
Induct Steinbrenner? Let’s Think About This. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ehlers 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Berman and Dudai 2001; Ehlers 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berman and Dudai 2001)
  • Three authors: (Lebedev, Chevrot, and van der Hilst 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tanaka et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
ISSN (print)0003-097X

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