How to format your references using the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kanamori, H.
Earthquake hazards: Putting seismic research to most effective use. Nature 483: 147–148.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rappaport, S. M. and Smith, M. T.
Epidemiology. Environment and disease risks. Science (New York, NY) 330: 460–461.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bingenheimer, J. B.; Brennan, R. T.; and Earls, F. J.
Firearm violence exposure and serious violent behavior. Science (New York, NY) 308: 1323–1326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mimura, S.; Seki, T.; Tanaka, S. et al.
Phosphorylation-dependent binding of mitotic cyclins to Cdc6 contributes to DNA replication control. Nature 431: 1118–1123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gottlieb, I.
Next Generation Excel. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Ramachandran, K. M.
Stochastic Differential Games. Theory and Applications. ed. C. P. Tsokos. Paris: Atlantis Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Komorowski, T.; Landim, C.; and Olla, S.
The Simple Exclusion Process. Pp. 155–197 in Fluctuations in Markov Processes: Time Symmetry and Martingale Approximation, eds. C. Landim, and S. Olla. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

Blog post
Hale, T.
Japan’s Cherry Blossom Festivals Are Becoming Threatened By Beetles. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
Air Traffic Control: The Interim Support Plan Does Not Meet FAA’s Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fanelli, R. M.
Effects of Urbanization and Infiltration-Based Watershed Restoration on the Hydro-Ecology of Headwater Streams. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wogan, J.
Beds and a Banana. New York Times M236.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kanamori 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Rappaport and Smith 2010; Kanamori 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rappaport and Smith 2010)
  • Three authors: (Bingenheimer, Brennan, and Earls 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mimura et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
ISSN (print)0003-097X

Other styles