How to format your references using the ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stratt, R. M. 2008. “Chemistry. Nonlinear thinking about molecular energy transfer.” Science, 321 (5897): 1789–1790.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berkovits, B. D., and C. Mayr. 2015. “Alternative 3’ UTRs act as scaffolds to regulate membrane protein localization.” Nature, 522 (7556): 363–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, J. D., J. A. Kirk, and T. Hunt. 2003. “Unmasking the S-phase-promoting potential of cyclin B1.” Science, 300 (5621): 987–990.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakazato, M., N. Murakami, Y. Date, M. Kojima, H. Matsuo, K. Kangawa, and S. Matsukura. 2001. “A role for ghrelin in the central regulation of feeding.” Nature, 409 (6817): 194–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burton, E. 2016. Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ebrahim-Zadeh, M., and I. T. Sorokina (Eds.). 2008. Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
McComas, W. F. 2014. “Alphabet Soup Science Curriculum Projects.” The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning, W. F. McComas, ed., 5–5. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. “Watch A Bald Eagle Snatch A Baby Osprey From Its Nest.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Child Support Enforcement: Leadership Essential to Implementing Effective Automated Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brient, R. 2009. “Performance considerations for Philippe Gaubert’s ‘Madrigal.’” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2005. “JUSTICES TAKE ON SPENDING LIMITS FOR CANDIDATES.” New York Times, September 28, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stratt 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Berkovits and Mayr 2015; Stratt 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berkovits and Mayr 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakazato et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering
AbbreviationASCE ASME J. Risk Uncertain. Eng. Syst. A Civ. Eng.
ISSN (online)2376-7642

Other styles