How to format your references using the ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sherratt, D. J. 2003. “Bacterial chromosome dynamics.” Science, 301 (5634): 780–785.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reichhardt, C. J. O., and L. M. Lopatina. 2009. “Materials science. A ball-and-chain polymer model.” Science, 326 (5951): 374–375.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grund, T., C. Waloszek, and D. Helbing. 2013. “How natural selection can create both self- and other-regarding preferences, and networked minds.” Sci. Rep., 3: 1480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Masuno, A., C. Moriyoshi, T. Mizoguchi, T. Okajima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Arai, J. Yu, H. Inoue, and Y. Watanabe. 2013. “Stabilization of metastable ferroelectric Ba₁-xCaxTi₂O₅ by breaking Ca-site selectivity via crystallization from glass.” Sci. Rep., 3: 3010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Amico, G., G. Di Biase, J. Janssen, and R. Manca. 2017. Semi-Markov Migration Models for Credit Risk. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beck, C. (Ed.). 2014. Clusters in Nuclei, Volume 3. Lecture Notes in Physics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ren, W., J. Song, Z. Ma, and S. Huang. 2009. “Towards a Bio-inspired Security Framework for Mission-Critical Wireless Sensor Networks.” Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Systems: 4th International Symposium, ISICA 2009, Huangshi, China, October 23-25, 2009. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science, Z. Cai, Z. Li, Z. Kang, and Y. Liu, eds., 35–44. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. “Early East Asians Mixed With Neanderthals More Than Once.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Deaf Education: Improved Oversight Needed for National Technical Institute for the Deaf. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, K. C. 2013. “Teacher and parent perceptions of classroom experiences of African American male students in a high school alternative program.” Doctoral dissertation. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, G. 2004. “There’s No Politics In the Foxhole.” New York Times, October 18, 2004.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sherratt 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Reichhardt and Lopatina 2009; Sherratt 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reichhardt and Lopatina 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Masuno et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering
AbbreviationASCE ASME J. Risk Uncertain. Eng. Syst. A Civ. Eng.
ISSN (online)2376-7642

Other styles