How to format your references using the ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, M. 2013. “Heart health.” Nature, 493 (7434): S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szule, J. A., and J. R. Coorssen. 2004. “Comment on ‘Transmembrane segments of syntaxin line the fusion pore of Ca2+-triggered exocytosis.’” Science, 306 (5697): 813; author reply 813.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripathi, M. K., K. C. Sahu, and R. Govindarajan. 2014. “Why a falling drop does not in general behave like a rising bubble.” Sci. Rep., 4: 4771.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chiu, A. S., M. M. Gehringer, N. Braidy, G. J. Guillemin, J. H. Welch, and B. A. Neilan. 2013. “Gliotoxicity of the cyanotoxin, β-methyl-amino-L-alanine (BMAA).” Sci. Rep., 3: 1482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertau, M., A. Müller, P. Fröhlich, and M. Katzberg. 2013. Industrielle Anorganische Chemie. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Eibl, R. 2009. Cell and Tissue Reaction Engineering: With a Contribution by Martin Fussenegger and Wilfried Weber. Principles and Practice, (D. Eibl, R. Pörtner, G. Catapano, and P. Czermak, eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sellitto, A., V. A. Cimmelli, and D. Jou. 2016. “Mesoscopic Description of Effective Thermal Conductivity in Porous Systems, Nanocomposites and Nanofluids.” Mesoscopic Theories of Heat Transport in Nanosystems, SEMA SIMAI Springer Series, V. A. Cimmelli and D. Jou, eds., 91–108. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2017. “AI Can Predict How Much Longer You Have Left To Live.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Airspace Use: Status of Proposals To Expand Special Use Airspace in North Carolina. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, R. 2011. “Stone circles and sandplay therapy: The language of symbols.” Doctoral dissertation. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2004. “Russian Who Killed Chechen May Get a Pardon.” New York Times, September 18, 2004.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May 2013).
This sentence cites two references (May 2013; Szule and Coorssen 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szule and Coorssen 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering
AbbreviationASCE ASME J. Risk Uncertain. Eng. Syst. A Civ. Eng.
ISSN (online)2376-7642

Other styles