How to format your references using the JOM citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JOM. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. S. Okasha, Nature 467, 653 (2010).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. A. J. Smith and B. Schwappach, Science 328, 1364 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. M. Petrascheck, X. Ye, and L. B. Buck, Nature 450, 553 (2007).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. O. Madsen, M. Scally, C. J. Douady, D. J. Kao, R. W. DeBry, R. Adkins, H. M. Amrine, M. J. Stanhope, W. W. de Jong, and M. S. Springer, Nature 409, 610 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. P. Barker and J. Chang, Basic Family Therapy (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2013).
An edited book
1. A. A. Minai, D. Braha, and Y. Bar-Yam, editors , Unifying Themes in Complex Systems VII: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Complex Systems (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
1. P. Lellouche, in The Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy Yearbook 2010, edited by C. Arvanitopoulos and K. E. Botsiou (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010), pp. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JOM.

Blog post
1. E. Andrew, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Highway Research: DOT’s Actions to Implement Best Practices for Setting Research Agendas and Evaluating Outcomes (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. R. S. Kalavacherla, DFT Study of the Improved Performance of Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Gold-Copper Alloy in a PEM Fuel Cell, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. M. Powell, New York Times D1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJOM
AbbreviationJOM (1989)
ISSN (print)1047-4838
ISSN (online)1543-1851
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Materials Science

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