How to format your references using the Yakugaku Zasshi (Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Yakugaku Zasshi (Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bartal G., Nature, 522, 160–161 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Sininger Y. S., Cone-Wesson B., Science, 305, 1581 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
Bard E., Rostek F., Ménot-Combes G., Science, 303, 178–179 (2004).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peruzzo A., Lobino M., Matthews J. C. F., Matsuda N., Politi A., Poulios K., Zhou X.-Q., Lahini Y., Ismail N., Wörhoff K., Bromberg Y., Silberberg Y., Thompson M. G., OBrien J. L., Science, 329, 1500–1503 (2010).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Will H., “»Sei naiv und mach’ ein Experiment«: Feodor Lynen,” Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
“Ischemic Stroke Therapeutics: A Comprehensive Guide,” 1st ed. 2016 ed., ed. by Ovbiagele, Bruce, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Yuen K.-Y., Wong S. S. Y., Peiris J. S. M., “New and Evolving Infections of the 21st Century,” ed. by Fong, I. W., Alibeck, Ken, Springer, New York, NY, 2007, pp.163–193.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Yakugaku Zasshi (Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan).

Blog post
Andrew E., “In Defence Of Sex Machines: Why Trying To Ban Sex Robots Is Wrong.”: <>, cited 30 October, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Dropouts: The Extent and Nature of the Problem, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson A. J., Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Savage C., Sullivan E., Sessions Widens Official Inquiry On Media Leaks, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2).
This sentence cites two references 2,4).
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleYakugaku Zasshi (Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan)
AbbreviationYakugaku Zasshi
ISSN (print)0031-6903
ISSN (online)1347-5231
ScopePharmaceutical Science

Other styles