How to format your references using the Yakugaku Zasshi (Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Yakugaku Zasshi (Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mattick J. S., Science, 309, 1527–1528 (2005).
A journal article with 2 authors
Veiseh O., Langer R., Nature, 524, 39–40 (2015).
A journal article with 3 authors
Reber M., Burrola P., Lemke G., Nature, 431, 847–853 (2004).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Athale C. A., Dinarina A., Mora-Coral M., Pugieux C., Nedelec F., Karsenti E., Science, 322, 1243–1247 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shamsuddin M., “Physical Chemistry of Metallurgical Processes,” John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
“Electroactive Polymers for Robotic Applications: Artificial Muscles and Sensors,” ed. by Kim, Kwang J., Tadokoro, Satoshi, Springer, London, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Tahir F., Atif M., Antar M. A., “Recent Progress in Desalination, Environmental and Marine Outfall Systems,” ed. by Baawain, Mahad, Choudri, B. S., Ahmed, Mushtaque, Purnama, Anton, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015, pp.35–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Yakugaku Zasshi (Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan).

Blog post
Fang J., “Chameleon Tongues Are 400 Times Stickier Than Ours.”: <>, cited 30 October, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aircraft Development: The Advanced Tactical Fighter’s Costs, Schedule, and Performance Goals, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pena A. M., Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M., Woman Who Is Miami Prosecutor Joins Clinton List for Justice Dept, 1993.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2).
This sentence cites two references 2,4).
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleYakugaku Zasshi (Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan)
AbbreviationYakugaku Zasshi
ISSN (print)0031-6903
ISSN (online)1347-5231
ScopePharmaceutical Science

Other styles