How to format your references using the JCC Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JCC Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goymer P. Biodiversity: Leaping lizards. Nature 2014;513:492.
A journal article with 2 authors
Samet JM, Wipfli HL. Globe still in grip of addiction. Nature 2010;463:1020–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui M, Emrick T, Russell TP. Stabilizing liquid drops in nonequilibrium shapes by the interfacial jamming of nanoparticles. Science 2013;342:460–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ohta K, Onoda S, Hirose K, Sinmyo R, Shimizu K, Sata N, et al. The electrical conductivity of post-perovskite in Earth’s D’’ layer. Science 2008;320:89–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins CA, Simpkins AM. Zen Meditation in Psychotherapy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Demazeau Y, Müller JP, Rodríguez JMC, Pérez JB, editors. Advances on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems: 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. vol. 155. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Lavretsky E, Wise KA. Frequency Domain Analysis. In: Wise KA, editor. Robust and Adaptive Control: With Aerospace Applications, London: Springer; 2013, p. 97–160.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JCC Open.

Blog post
Andrew E. Stunning Photos Of Dried Whisky Under A Microscope. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments From The Copyright Office On GAO-10-428R (GAO-10-707SP), an E-supplement to GAO-10-428R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kang EY. Late Twentieth-Century Piano Concert Etudes: A Style Study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. A Climate Change Evangelist. New York Times 2016:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJCC Open
AbbreviationJCC Open
ISSN (print)2212-0149

Other styles