How to format your references using the JCC Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JCC Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bates M. GE Prize-winning essay. A new approach to fluorescence microscopy. Science 2010;330:1334–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ratcliffe JM, Nydam ML. Multimodal warning signals for a multiple predator world. Nature 2008;455:96–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Giles S, Friedman M, Brazeau MD. Osteichthyan-like cranial conditions in an Early Devonian stem gnathostome. Nature 2015;520:82–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yin H-S, Wen X, Paterson RG, Lamb RA, Jardetzky TS. Structure of the parainfluenza virus 5 F protein in its metastable, prefusion conformation. Nature 2006;439:38–44.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Li C, Lin J. Microwave Noncontact Motion Sensing and Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Das P. Optimal Covariate Designs: Theory and Applications. 1st ed. 2015. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Freese AR. Transformation Through Self-Study. In: Kosnik C, Beck C, Freese AR, Samaras AP, editors. Making a Difference in Teacher Education Through Self-Study: Studies of Personal, Professional and Program Renewal, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JCC Open.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Six Cosmic Catastrophes That Could Wipe Out Life On Earth. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/six-cosmic-catastrophes-that-could-wipe-out-life-on-earth/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zhu H. Outcomes of China Free Antiretroviral Treatment Program, 2003–2010. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. On Final Day, Tears and Jeers. New York Times 2011:B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJCC Open
AbbreviationJCC Open
ISSN (print)2212-0149
Scope

Other styles