How to format your references using the JCC Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JCC Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Swinderen B. Attention-like processes in Drosophila require short-term memory genes. Science 2007;315:1590–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domcke W, Sobolewski AL. Chemistry. Unraveling the molecular mechanisms of photoacidity. Science 2003;302:1693–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rocha PP, Chaumeil J, Skok JA. Molecular biology. Finding the right partner in a 3D genome. Science 2013;342:1333–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lei M, Podell ER, Baumann P, Cech TR. DNA self-recognition in the structure of Pot1 bound to telomeric single-stranded DNA. Nature 2003;426:198–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCormick K, Salcedo J. SPSS reg Statistics for Data Analysis and Visualization. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Eilks I, Hofstein A, editors. Teaching Chemistry – A Studybook: A Practical Guide and Textbook for Student Teachers, Teacher Trainees and Teachers. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Sillesen H. Vascular Hemodynamics. In: AbuRahma AF, Bandyk DF, editors. Noninvasive Vascular Diagnosis: A Practical Guide to Therapy, London: Springer; 2013, p. 45–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JCC Open.

Blog post
Hamilton K. THC In Cannabis Boosts Cognition In Old Mice. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: DOT Is Progressing toward a Performance-Based Approach, but States and Grantees Report Potential Implementation Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morgan TM. Do You See What I See? How Symbol Integration Facilitates Responsibility to Self and Culture. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. A Noble Little Troupe Faces A Cruel Foe: the Rent. New York Times 2003:145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJCC Open
AbbreviationJCC Open
ISSN (print)2212-0149

Other styles