How to format your references using the Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patek, S. N. (2001). Spiny lobsters stick and slip to make sound. Nature, 411(6834), 153–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
McSweeney, S., & Fromme, P. (2014). Crystallography: Sources of inspiration. Nature, 505(7485), 620–621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, D. M., Overpeck, J. T., & Gupta, A. K. (2002). Increase in the Asian southwest monsoon during the past four centuries. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 596–599.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Berkley, A. J., Xu, H., Ramos, R. C., Gubrud, M. A., Strauch, F. W., Johnson, P. R., Anderson, J. R., Dragt, A. J., Lobb, C. J., & Wellstood, F. C. (2003). Entangled macroscopic quantum States in two superconducting qubits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1548–1550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheinfeld, R. (2009). Busting Loose from the Business Game. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Seipel, D., Hanus, M., Geske, U., & Bartenstein, O. (Eds.). (2005). Applications of Declarative Programming and Knowledge Management: 15th International Conference on Applications of Declarative Programming and Knowledge Management, INAP 2004, and 18th Workshop on Logic Programming, WLP 2004, Potsdam, Germany, March 4-6, 2004, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3392). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Catalucci, D., Latronico, M. V. G., & Condorelli, G. (2008). MicroRNAs and the Control of Heart Pathophysiology. In V. A. Erdmann, W. Poller, & J. Barciszewski (Eds.), RNA Technologies in Cardiovascular Medicine and Research (pp. 53–68). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 17). Why You Should Always Shake Hands With A Robot. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Certification of New Airlines: Department of Transportation Has Taken Action to Improve Its Certification Process (RCED-96-8). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Victoria, F. C. (2017). One on One [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2007, January 12). The $250,000 Question. New York Times, F1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patek, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (McSweeney & Fromme, 2014; Patek, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McSweeney & Fromme, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Anderson et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Berkley et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGreenhouse Gas Measurement and Management
AbbreviationGreenh. Gas Meas. Manag.
ISSN (print)2043-0779
ISSN (online)2043-0787
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles