How to format your references using the Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nye, M. J. (2002). Portraits of science. “The most versatile physicist of his generation.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5565), 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiens, D. A., & Snider, N. O. (2001). Repeating deep earthquakes: evidence for fault reactivation at great depth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1463–1466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parker, H. G., Kruglyak, L., & Ostrander, E. A. (2006). Molecular genetics: DNA analysis of a putative dog clone. Nature, 440(7081), E1-2.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Miller, S. E., Collins, B. M., McCoy, A. J., Robinson, M. S., & Owen, D. J. (2007). A SNARE-adaptor interaction is a new mode of cargo recognition in clathrin-coated vesicles. Nature, 450(7169), 570–574.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller, M. A. (2005). Internet Technologies Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gioeli, D. (Ed.). (2011). Targeted Therapies: Mechanisms of Resistance. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiang, H.-D., & Wang, T. (2014). Neighboring Local Optimal Solutions and Its Applications. In P. M. Pardalos & T. M. Rassias (Eds.), Mathematics Without Boundaries: Surveys in Interdisciplinary Research (pp. 117–138). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 16). Promising Antibody That Neutralises HIV Shows Why We Shouldn’t Give Up On A Vaccine. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Federal Research: Peer Review Practices at Federal Science Agencies Vary (RCED-99-99). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolzinger, R. (2010). Strengthening Career and Technical Education in the California Community College System during the financial and labor market crisis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Atkinson, S., & Davey, M. (2017, June 14). Manslaughter Is Charge for 5 In Flint Crisis. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nye, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nye, 2002; Wiens & Snider, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiens & Snider, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Parker et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Miller et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGreenhouse Gas Measurement and Management
AbbreviationGreenh. Gas Meas. Manag.
ISSN (print)2043-0779
ISSN (online)2043-0787
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

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