How to format your references using the Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Northcutt, R. G. (2011). Paleontology. Evolving large and complex brains. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6032), 926–927.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dye, C., & Raviglione, M. (2013). Perspective: Weigh all TB risks. Nature, 502(7470), S13.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hata, S., Nakao, H., & Mikhailov, A. S. (2014). Dispersal-induced destabilization of metapopulations and oscillatory Turing patterns in ecological networks. Scientific Reports, 4, 3585.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gubbels, S. P., Woessner, D. W., Mitchell, J. C., Ricci, A. J., & Brigande, J. V. (2008). Functional auditory hair cells produced in the mammalian cochlea by in utero gene transfer. Nature, 455(7212), 537–541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon, J. (2009). Training Camp. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Muthu, S. S., & Savalani, M. M. (Eds.). (2016). Handbook of Sustainability in Additive Manufacturing: Volume 1 (1st ed. 2016). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shtukenberg, A., & Punin, Y. O. (2007). Heterogeneous Crystals. In Y. O. Punin & B. Kahr (Eds.), Optically Anomalous Crystals (pp. 163–200). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 13). It’s Going To Take Another 300 Years To Discover All 16,000 Amazonian Tree Species. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Administrative Systems: NASA Should Reassess Its AIM Program and Rescind Its IBM-Compatible Policy (No. IMTEC-90-41). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dolan, D. J. (2017). Structural Evolution of Martin Crater Thaumasia Planum, Mars (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, March 19). Court Weighs Right to Guns, And Its Limits. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Northcutt, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Dye & Raviglione, 2013; Northcutt, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dye & Raviglione, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Hata, Nakao, & Mikhailov, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gubbels, Woessner, Mitchell, Ricci, & Brigande, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGreenhouse Gas Measurement and Management
AbbreviationGreenh. Gas Meas. Manag.
ISSN (print)2043-0779
ISSN (online)2043-0787
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

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