How to format your references using the Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, Q. (2013). Nuclear safety lies in greater transparency. Nature, 494(7438), 403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tuomisto, H., & Ruokolainen, K. (2012). Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Q., Piston, D. W., & Goodman, R. H. (2002). Regulation of corepressor function by nuclear NADH. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5561), 1895–1897.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Colombo, K., Grill, S. W., Kimple, R. J., Willard, F. S., Siderovski, D. P., & Gönczy, P. (2003). Translation of polarity cues into asymmetric spindle positioning in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5627), 1957–1961.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Callard, F., Sartorius, N., Arboleda-Flórez, J., Bartlett, P., Helmchen, H., Stuart, H., Taborda, J., & Thornicroft, G. (2012). Mental Illness, Discrimination and the Law. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kim, T.-H., Adeli, H., Fang, W.-C., Vasilakos, T., Stoica, A., Patrikakis, C. Z., Zhao, G., Villalba, J. G., & Xiao, Y. (Eds.). (2012). Communication and Networking: International Conference, FGCN 2011, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 265). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sprent, J. I. (2005). Biological Nitrogen Fixation Associated with Angiosperms in Terrestrial Ecosystems. In H. BassiriRad (Ed.), Nutrient Acquisition by Plants: An Ecological Perspective (pp. 89–116). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 30). Solution To Voyager 1 Magnetic Field Mystery Suggests It Is Not Quite In Interstellar Space. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Army Transportation: Alleged Overcharges on Rail Shipments to and From Ft. Irwin, California (NSIAD-88-174). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nichols, J. (2012). Genetic and genomic mechanisms of neonatal hyperoxic lung injury in the inbred mouse [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, February 27). Trump’s Name Looms in Mind and Speeches. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Tuomisto & Ruokolainen, 2012; Wang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tuomisto & Ruokolainen, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Colombo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGreenhouse Gas Measurement and Management
AbbreviationGreenh. Gas Meas. Manag.
ISSN (print)2043-0779
ISSN (online)2043-0787
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles