How to format your references using the Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scodeggio M. Astronomy. Toward resolving the mystery of galaxy formation. Science. 2001;294:537–538.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perea G, Araque A. Astrocytes potentiate transmitter release at single hippocampal synapses. Science. 2007;317:1083–1086.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansen JFA, Gearhart JD, Bulte JWM. Comment on “Magnetic resonance spectroscopy identifies neural progenitor cells in the live human brain.” Science. 2008;321:640.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Prochnow C, Bransteitter R, Klein MG, et al. The APOBEC-2 crystal structure and functional implications for the deaminase AID. Nature. 2007;445:447–451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morton A, Mengersen K, Whitby M, et al. Statistical Methods for Hospital Monitoring with R. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Proctor C, Linley PA, editors. Research, Applications, and Interventions for Children and Adolescents: A Positive Psychology Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Schore AN, Newton RP. Using Modern Attachment Theory to Guide Clinical Assessments of Early Attachment Relationships. In: Bettmann JE, Demetri Friedman D, editors. Attachment-Based Clinical Work with Children and Adolescents. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 61–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Is The Sun’s Outer Layer 200 Times Hotter Than Its Surface? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1996-98. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996. Report No.: IAP-96-19. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen A. Poetry as a Museum [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR, Nechepurenko I. U.S. Is Warned After It Downs Syrian Fighter. New York Times. 2017 Jun 19;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Clin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1751-2433
ISSN (online)1751-2441
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles