How to format your references using the Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craelius W. The bionic man: restoring mobility. Science. 2002;295:1018–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mallon WT, Korn D. Education. Bonus pay for research faculty. Science. 2004;303:476–477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zanardi I, Zifarelli G, Pusch M. An optical assay of the transport activity of ClC-7. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1231.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Domínguez-Villar D, Carrasco RM, Pedraza J, et al. Early maximum extent of paleoglaciers from Mediterranean mountains during the last glaciation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitra A. Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Slattery JC. Interfacial Transport Phenomena. 2nd Edition. Sagis L, Oh E-S, editors. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Münch J, Armbrust O, Kowalczyk M, et al. Process Improvement. In: Armbrust O, Kowalczyk M, Soto M, editors. Software Process Definition and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 139–176.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA Considers Possible Landing Sites For 2020 Mars Rover. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia: Planned Funding and Schedule for D.C. Public Schools’ Modernization Program Are Unrealistic. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002. Report No.: GAO-02-815R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford JD. Teacher Job Satisfaction as Related to Student Performance on State-Mandated Testing [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times. 1994 Aug 14;139.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Clin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1751-2433
ISSN (online)1751-2441
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles