How to format your references using the Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wineland D. Norman Ramsey (1915-2011). Nature. 2011;480:182.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bengtson S, Budd G. Comment on “Small bilaterian fossils from 40 to 55 million years before the Cambrian.” Science. 2004;306:1291; author reply 1291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schenk P, Matsuyama I, Nimmo F. True polar wander on Europa from global-scale small-circle depressions. Nature. 2008;453:368–371.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garcia V, Fusil S, Bouzehouane K, et al. Giant tunnel electroresistance for non-destructive readout of ferroelectric states. Nature. 2009;460:81–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McConnell J. Index of Medical Imaging. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Nguyen HHP, Cenci MA, editors. Behavioral Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease and Parkinson’s Disease. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Simmons G. Filovirus Entry. In: Pöhlmann S, Simmons G, editors. Viral Entry into Host Cells. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 83–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Engineers Have Invented A “Tricorder” That Could Detect Cancer. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Despite Industry Turmoil, Low-Cost Airlines Are Growing and Profitable. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004. Report No.: GAO-04-837T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gutierrez R. Providing Hope: A Systematic Development of a Resource Manual for Mental Health Professionals Treating Latino/a Adolescents with Suicidal Ideation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Hofstra May Team Up To Start Medical School. New York Times. 2007 Sep 2;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Clin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1751-2433
ISSN (online)1751-2441
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles