How to format your references using the Javnost - The Public citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Javnost - The Public. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krammer, P. H. 2000. CD95’s deadly mission in the immune system. Nature 407, 6805, 789–795.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blackburn, T. M. and R. P. Duncan. 2001. Determinants of establishment success in introduced birds. Nature 414, 6860, 195–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, Shaowei, Takanori Shima and Zhaomin Hou. 2014. Carbon-carbon bond cleavage and rearrangement of benzene by a trinuclear titanium hydride. Nature 512, 7515, 413–415.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vocadlo, Lidunka et al. 2003. Possible thermal and chemical stabilization of body-centred-cubic iron in the Earth’s core. Nature 424, 6948, 536–539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pines, Jesse M. et al. 2012. Evidence-Based Emergency Care. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hepburn, H. R. 2014. Honeybee Nests: Composition, Structure, Function C. W. W. Pirk and O. Duangphakdee (eds.),. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Meagher, Robert J. and Meiye Wu. 2016. Microfluidic Approaches to Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) for Detecting RNA Targets in Single Cells. In C. Lu and S. S. Verbridge (eds.), Microfluidic Methods for Molecular Biology, 95–112. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Javnost - The Public.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. NASA Successfully Tests 3D-Printed Rocket Parts. IFLScience <> Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. No Child Left Behind Act: States Face Challenges Measuring Academic Growth That Education’s Initiatives May Help Address. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konzem, Scott R. 2017. Tenability and Computability of Generalized Pólya Urns. Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2016. The Facts Win Out on Abortion. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krammer 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Krammer 2000; Blackburn and Duncan 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blackburn and Duncan 2001)
  • Three authors: (Hu, Shima and Hou 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vocadlo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJavnost - The Public
ISSN (print)1318-3222
ISSN (online)1854-8377

Other styles