How to format your references using the Javnost - The Public citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Javnost - The Public. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, Diane. 2002. Microarray technology: an array of opportunities. Nature 416, 6883, 885–891.
A journal article with 2 authors
Viswanathan, Mohan and Leonard Guarente. 2011. Regulation of Caenorhabditis elegans lifespan by sir-2.1 transgenes. Nature 477, 7365, E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reece, Sarah E., Damien R. Drew and Andy Gardner. 2008. Sex ratio adjustment and kin discrimination in malaria parasites. Nature 453, 7195, 609–614.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Opheij, Aron et al. 2013. Ultracompact (3 μm) silicon slow-light optical modulator. Scientific reports 3, 3546.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibe, Oliver C. 2013. Elements of Random Walk and Diffusion Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Demengel, Françoise. 2012. Functional Spaces for the Theory of Elliptic Partial Differential Equations G. Demengel (ed.),. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Seeram, Euclid and Joanne Sil. 2013. Computed Tomography: Physical Principles, Instrumentation, and Quality Control. In D. W. Jones, P. Hogg and E. Seeram (eds.), Practical SPECT/CT in Nuclear Medicine, 77–107. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Javnost - The Public.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. Babies Born By Caesarean More Likely To Develop Obesity. IFLScience <> Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Airport Development Needs: Estimating Future Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuomo, Anthony Peter. 2013. SB 48 and social media: Constituing an audience for and against California’s LGBT education legislation. Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2008. With Orthodoxy’s Revival in Russia, Religious Media Also Rise. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2002; Viswanathan and Guarente 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Viswanathan and Guarente 2011)
  • Three authors: (Reece, Drew and Gardner 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Opheij et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJavnost - The Public
ISSN (print)1318-3222
ISSN (online)1854-8377

Other styles