How to format your references using the Javnost - The Public citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Javnost - The Public. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zebrowski, G. 2000. The holdouts. Nature 408, 6814, 775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivkin, Andrew S. and Joshua P. Emery. 2010. Detection of ice and organics on an asteroidal surface. Nature 464, 7293, 1322–1323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elias, Laura A. B., Doris D. Wang and Arnold R. Kriegstein. 2007. Gap junction adhesion is necessary for radial migration in the neocortex. Nature 448, 7156, 901–907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jørgensen, Claus et al. 2009. Cell-specific information processing in segregating populations of Eph receptor ephrin-expressing cells. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326, 5959, 1502–1509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms. 2011. Engineering Solutions for Sustainability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Saeed, Khalid and Václav Snášel eds. 2014. Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 13th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2014, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 5-7, 2014. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Takeda, Kiyoshi. 2010. The Lipid A Receptor. In J.-F. Jeannin (ed.), Lipid A in Cancer Therapy, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 53–58. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Javnost - The Public.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. Origins Of Authority Traced Back To Ancient Peru. IFLScience <> Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. NASA Procurement: Proposed Changes to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koester, Andrew. 2017. It All Started on a Lake. Doctoral dissertation. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2017. Shift at ‘CBS Evening News’ Breaks With Smooth Routine. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zebrowski 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zebrowski 2000; Rivkin and Emery 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivkin and Emery 2010)
  • Three authors: (Elias, Wang and Kriegstein 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jørgensen et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJavnost - The Public
ISSN (print)1318-3222
ISSN (online)1854-8377

Other styles