How to format your references using the Journal of Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morsink, S. (2000). ASTROPHYSICS: Signs of Extreme Gravity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5493), 945–946.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aanen, D. K., & Bisseling, T. (2014). Microbiology. The birth of cooperation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6192), 29–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Newhall, C. G., Power, J. A., & Punongbayan, R. S. (2002). Pinatubo eruption. “To make grow.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5558), 1241–1242.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Boudaoud, A., Patrício, P., Couder, Y., & Amar, M. B. (2000). Dynamics of singularities in a constrained elastic plate. Nature, 407(6805), 718–720.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chakrabarty, P. (2012). A Guide to Academia. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Fiadeiro, J. L., & Inverardi, P. (Eds.). (2008). Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 11th International Conference, FASE 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29-April 6, 2008. Proceedings (Vol. 4961). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Coenen, C. (2010). Deliberating Visions: The Case of Human Enhancement in the Discourse on Nanotechnology and Convergence. In M. Kaiser, M. Kurath, S. Maasen, & C. Rehmann-Sutter (Eds.), Governing Future Technologies: Nanotechnology and the Rise of an Assessment Regime (pp. 73–87). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adolescence.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 8). New Video Shows Snake That Ate a Pitbull Whole! IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Comments on Energy Research and Development Administration’s Proposed Arrangement for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Demonstration Plant Project (RED-75-361). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Byrne, S. M. (2008). Metabolic and pathological role of retinyl esters: The role of lecithin:retinol acyl transferase, (LRAT) [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, March 14). For Mothers Seeking Office, a Familiar Double Standard. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morsink, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Aanen & Bisseling, 2014; Morsink, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aanen & Bisseling, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Newhall et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Boudaoud et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0140-1971
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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