How to format your references using the Journal of Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zegers, R. (2005). Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 5. Nature, 433(7027), 689.
A journal article with 2 authors
Georgianna, D. R., & Mayfield, S. P. (2012). Exploiting diversity and synthetic biology for the production of algal biofuels. Nature, 488(7411), 329–335.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, J., Park, J., & Choi, C. (2014). Identification of phenotype deterministic genes using systemic analysis of transcriptional response. Scientific Reports, 4, 4413.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ogawa, M., Shinohara, H., Sakagami, Y., & Matsubayashi, Y. (2008). Arabidopsis CLV3 peptide directly binds CLV1 ectodomain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5861), 294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atherton, J., Gil, F., & Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2008). Incidents That Define Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhang, L. (2016). Analysis and Design of Markov Jump Systems with Complex Transition Probabilities (T. Yang, P. Shi, & Y. Zhu, Eds.; 1st ed. 2016, Vol. 54). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm, G., & Uszkoreit, H. (2012). Language Technology Support for English. In G. Rehm & H. Uszkoreit (Eds.), The English Language in the Digital Age (pp. 15–32). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adolescence.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 31). Watch A Colorblind Man See The World In Color For The First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Opinion on the Legality of the Scheduled Transfer of Administrative Responsibility for Certain Law Enforcement Education Programs (B-198096). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Neal, L. (2016). What’s in Your Toolbox?: Examining Tool Choices at Two Middle and Late Woodland-Period Sites on Florida’s Central Gulf Coast [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2014, October 21). Seeking Stars, Finding Creationism. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zegers, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Georgianna & Mayfield, 2012; Zegers, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Georgianna & Mayfield, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Lee et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ogawa et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0140-1971
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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