How to format your references using the Journal of Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roos, D. S. (2005). Genetics. Themes and variations in apicomplexan parasite biology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5731), 72–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lam, I., & Keeney, S. (2015). Nonparadoxical evolutionary stability of the recombination initiation landscape in yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6263), 932–937.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pevzner, P. A., Kim, S., & Ng, J. (2008). Comment on “Protein sequences from mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex revealed by mass spectrometry.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5892), 1040; author reply 1040.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hierro, A., Rojas, A. L., Rojas, R., Murthy, N., Effantin, G., Kajava, A. V., … Hurley, J. H. (2007). Functional architecture of the retromer cargo-recognition complex. Nature, 449(7165), 1063–1067.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toutain, L., & Minaburo, A. (2013). Local Networks and the Internet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Haszpra, L. (Ed.). (2011). Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: The Hungarian Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Magnier, S. (2015). Suspensive Condition and Dynamic Epistemic Logic: A Leibnizian Survey. In M. Armgardt, P. Canivez, & S. Chassagnard-Pinet (Eds.), Past and Present Interactions in Legal Reasoning and Logic (pp. 71–94). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adolescence.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 10). Two Of The World’s Largest Rodents Are On The Run From Toronto Zoo. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Information Technology: Training Can Be Enhanced by Greater Use of Leading Practices (No. GAO-04-791). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villa, J. (2017). Multicultural Training for Mental Health Professionals Working in the Juvenile Justice System (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley, S., & Corkery, M. (2017, April 25). After Scandal, Wells Fargo’s Board Faces a Contentious Re-election Vote. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferster, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond, 2004; Oppenheim, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lam & Keeney, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Pevzner, Kim, & Ng, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chuine et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0140-1971
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

Other styles