How to format your references using the Journal of Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fleming, N. (2013). Tell fans definitive calls are an impossible goal. Nature, 497(7451), 537.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makova, K. D., & Li, W.-H. (2002). Strong male-driven evolution of DNA sequences in humans and apes. Nature, 416(6881), 624–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Betrouche, M., Maamache, M., & Choi, J. R. (2013). Novel characteristics of energy spectrum for 3D Dirac oscillator analyzed via Lorentz covariant deformed algebra. Scientific Reports, 3, 3221.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cuchet-Lourenço, D., Eletto, D., Wu, C., Plagnol, V., Papapietro, O., Curtis, J., Ceron-Gutierrez, L., Bacon, C. M., Hackett, S., Alsaleem, B., Maes, M., Gaspar, M., Alisaac, A., Goss, E., AlIdrissi, E., Siegmund, D., Wajant, H., Kumararatne, D., AlZahrani, M. S., … Nejentsev, S. (2018). Biallelic RIPK1 mutations in humans cause severe immunodeficiency, arthritis, and intestinal inflammation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6404), 810–813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stahl, S., & Stenson, C. (2013). Introduction to Topology and Geometry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Palmer, J. S. (Ed.). (2011). Pediatric Urology: A General Urologist’s Guide. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Salomon, D., & Motta, G. (2010). Robust VL Codes. In G. Motta (Ed.), Handbook of Data Compression (pp. 177–209). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adolescence.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, May 6). All The Water In This Lake Vanishes Down a Hole Every Summer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Steps Taken to Address Financial Management and Safety Recommendations, but Financial Management Internal Controls Need Strengthening (GAO-15-640R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoang, T. T. (2017). Acoustic and Image Vehicle Classification System [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, June 10). Australian Persists in Chase for Elusive Title. New York Times, SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fleming, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fleming, 2013; Makova & Li, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makova & Li, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Betrouche et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cuchet-Lourenço et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0140-1971
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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