How to format your references using the Journal of Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bainbridge, W. S. (2003). Perceptions of science essay. Privacy and property on the Net: research questions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5651), 1686–1687.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blume-Jensen, P., & Hunter, T. (2001). Oncogenic kinase signalling. Nature, 411(6835), 355–365.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfingsten, J. S., Costantino, D. A., & Kieft, J. S. (2006). Structural basis for ribosome recruitment and manipulation by a viral IRES RNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5804), 1450–1454.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ghaffari, S., Chandorkar, S. A., Wang, S., Ng, E. J., Ahn, C. H., Hong, V., Yang, Y., & Kenny, T. W. (2013). Quantum limit of quality factor in silicon micro and nano mechanical resonators. Scientific Reports, 3, 3244.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dallas, H. J. (2015). Mastering the Challenges of Leading change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Carli, M. F. D., & Lipton, M. J. (Eds.). (2007). Cardiac PET and PET/CT Imaging. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alsaleh, M., & Adams, C. (2006). Enhancing Consumer Privacy in the Liberty Alliance Identity Federation and Web Services Frameworks. In G. Danezis & P. Golle (Eds.), Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 6th International Workshop, PET 2006, Cambridge, UK, June 28-30, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 59–77). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adolescence.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, February 24). New Initiative To Save 50 Coral Reefs From Extinction. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Tribal Transportation: Better Data Could Improve Road Management and Inform Indian Student Attendance Strategies (GAO-17-423). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramberg, K. S. (2010). L’envers et l’endroit: The other side of the cloth [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, June 16). Mystery of the Missing Tenants. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bainbridge, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bainbridge, 2003; Blume-Jensen & Hunter, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blume-Jensen & Hunter, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Pfingsten et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ghaffari et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0140-1971
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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