How to format your references using the Journal of Adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lavé, J. (2015). Earth science: Landscape inversion by stream piracy. Nature, 520(7548), 442–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yau, S. T., & Vekilov, P. G. (2000). Quasi-planar nucleus structure in apoferritin crystallization. Nature, 406(6795), 494–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng, J., Wang, Y., & Li, C. (2011). Transitional mammalian middle ear from a new Cretaceous Jehol eutriconodont. Nature, 472(7342), 181–185.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Repp, J., Meyer, G., Olsson, F. E., & Persson, M. (2004). Controlling the charge state of individual gold adatoms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5683), 493–495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sokhanvar, S., Dargahi, J., Najarian, S., & Arbatani, S. (2012). Tactile Sensing and Displays. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gause, W. C., & Artis, D. (Eds.). (2016). The Th2 Type Immune Response in Health and Disease: From Host Defense and Allergy to Metabolic Homeostasis and Beyond (1st ed. 2016). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Houben, A., & Pickering, R. (2009). Applying Cytogenetics and Genomics to Wide Hybridisations in the Genus Hordeum. In G. J. Muehlbauer & C. Feuillet (Eds.), Genetics and Genomics of the Triticeae (pp. 137–162). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adolescence.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 18). Tool Use is Innate in Chimpanzees. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Federally Funded Research at Institutions of Higher Education, an E-supplement to GAO-04-31 (GAO-04-223SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best, T. F. (2014). Evaluation of effectiveness, reproducibility, and repeatability of using dentition for estimating cattle age [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M., & Bosman, J. (2017, May 14). A ‘Passionate’ Seeker of Voter Fraud in Kansas Gets a National Soapbox. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lavé, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lavé, 2015; Yau & Vekilov, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yau & Vekilov, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Meng et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Repp et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adolescence
AbbreviationJ. Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0140-1971
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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