How to format your references using the Academic Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fisher DE. Secret to marital bliss? Science. 2000;290(5493):936b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhang L, Doudna JA. Structural insights into group II intron catalysis and branch-site selection. Science. 2002;295(5562):2084-2088.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sokolov S, Scheuer T, Catterall WA. Gating pore current in an inherited ion channelopathy. Nature. 2007;446(7131):76-78.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Tatar M, Kopelman A, Epstein D, Tu MP, Yin CM, Garofalo RS. A mutant Drosophila insulin receptor homolog that extends life-span and impairs neuroendocrine function. Science. 2001;292(5514):107-110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
French M, Szepesvári C, Rogers E. Performance of Nonlinear Approximate Adaptive Controllers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Markopoulos P, Martens J-B, Malins J, Coninx K, Liapis A, eds. Collaboration in Creative Design: Methods and Tools. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dorey P, Garnett M. Public Sector Reform. In: Garnett M, ed. The British Coalition Government, 2010-2015: A Marriage of Inconvenience. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:83-135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Pediatrics.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Turning Street Lights Off At Night Had No Effect On The Number Of Road Accidents Or Crime Rate. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/turning-street-lights-night-had-no-effect-number-road-accidents-or-crime-rate/. Published July 30, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Software Tools and Techniques. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lucky-Medford L. A gendered approach to synaesthesia using the poetry of John Keats and Emily Dickinson. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Otis J. A Blind Man Leans on His Faith as a Source of Encouragement. New York Times. November 22, 2016:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Pediatrics
AbbreviationAcad. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)1876-2859
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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