How to format your references using the Academic Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Obara K. Nonvolcanic deep tremor associated with subduction in southwest Japan. Science. 2002;296(5573):1679-1681.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badzey RL, Mohanty P. Coherent signal amplification in bistable nanomechanical oscillators by stochastic resonance. Nature. 2005;437(7061):995-998.
A journal article with 3 authors
James LC, Roversi P, Tawfik DS. Antibody multispecificity mediated by conformational diversity. Science. 2003;299(5611):1362-1367.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ferraro FR, Beccari G, Dalessandro E, et al. Two distinct sequences of blue straggler stars in the globular cluster M 30. Nature. 2009;462(7276):1028-1031.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shelton T. Business Models for the Social Mobile Cloud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Maragoudakis ME, Tsopanoglou NE, eds. Thrombin: Physiology and Disease. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Khovratovich D. Two Attacks on RadioGatún. In: Chowdhury DR, Rijmen V, Das A, eds. Progress in Cryptology - INDOCRYPT 2008: 9th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Kharagpur, India, December 14-17, 2008. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2008:53-66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Pediatrics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Mystery Of Missing Big Craters On Dwarf Planet Ceres May Have Been Solved. IFLScience. Published July 26, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Organizing the Federal Communications Commission for Greater Management and Regulatory Effectiveness. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tomlinson KL. Working with the Imaginal: Art-Making and Dialogue with Figures of Soul. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kimmelman M. In the Bronx, Tennis for Everyone. New York Times. April 28, 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Pediatrics
AbbreviationAcad. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)1876-2859
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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