How to format your references using the Academic Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig R. EASTERN EUROPE: Science Survives in Breakaway States. Science. 2000;290(5492):692-693.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaffe M, Allam S. POLYMER CHEMISTRY. Safer fuels by integrating polymer theory into design. Science. 2015;350(6256):32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhai M, Zhao G, Zhang Q. Is the Dongwanzi complex an Archean ophiolite? Science. 2002;295(5557):923.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bowers PM, Cokus SJ, Eisenberg D, Yeates TO. Use of logic relationships to decipher protein network organization. Science. 2004;306(5705):2246-2249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doldi L. Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Wang Q, Cheng Y, Liu NC, eds. Building World-Class Universities: Different Approaches to a Shared Goal. Vol 25. SensePublishers; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Piasecka L. Activating Character Strengths Through Poetic Encounters in a Foreign Language—A Case Study. In: Gabryś-Barker D, Gałajda D, eds. Positive Psychology Perspectives on Foreign Language Learning and Teaching. Second Language Learning and Teaching. Springer International Publishing; 2016:75-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Pediatrics.

Blog post
Davis J. Sharks Sense Prey Using Proton-Conducting Jelly. IFLScience. Published May 18, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Modernization: Some Progress Made toward Implementing GAO Recommendations Related to NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson AR. Computerized physician order entry: An outlook on successful implementation among ambulatory care settings. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tankersley J. Economist Says Benefits Of Tax Cut Were Inflated. New York Times. October 17, 2017:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Pediatrics
AbbreviationAcad. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)1876-2859
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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