How to format your references using the Academic Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham S. Buying into the knowledge game. Nature. 2004;428(6984):775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greig D, Travisano M. Evolution. Haploid superiority. Science. 2003;299(5606):524-525.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregory JM, Huybrechts P, Raper SCB. Climatology: threatened loss of the Greenland ice-sheet. Nature. 2004;428(6983):616.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Petta JR, Johnson AC, Taylor JM, et al. Coherent manipulation of coupled electron spins in semiconductor quantum dots. Science. 2005;309(5744):2180-2184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Šolín P. Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Hänsler E, Schmidt G, eds. Topics in Acoustic Echo and Noise Control: Selected Methods for the Cancellation of Acoustical Echoes, the Reduction of Background Noise, and Speech Processing. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Grégoire É, Lagniez JM, Mazure B. A General Artificial Intelligence Approach for Skeptical Reasoning. In: Goertzel B, Orseau L, Snaider J, eds. Artificial General Intelligence: 7th International Conference, AGI 2014, Quebec City, QC, Canada, August 1-4, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2014:33-42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Pediatrics.

Blog post
Taub B. The Primate Brain Is Wired To Handle Any Situation Life Throws At It, Study Suggests. IFLScience. Published June 13, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter: Management of the Technology Transfer Process. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido BB. Homes as Grounding Counterspaces: Mexicana Undocumented Students Utilizing Mother-Daughter Pedagogies of Resistance to Succeed in Higher Education. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Hear Arguments Over Whether Foreigners Have Reciprocal Rights in the U.S. New York Times. March 30, 2006:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Pediatrics
AbbreviationAcad. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)1876-2859
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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