How to format your references using the Academic Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubinsztein DC. The roles of intracellular protein-degradation pathways in neurodegeneration. Nature. 2006;443(7113):780-786.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinle A, Cerwenka A. Immunology. MULT1plying cancer immunity. Science. 2015;348(6230):45-46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hudson JJ, Taylor WD, Schindler DW. Phosphate concentrations in lakes. Nature. 2000;406(6791):54-56.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kaji K, Norrby K, Paca A, Mileikovsky M, Mohseni P, Woltjen K. Virus-free induction of pluripotency and subsequent excision of reprogramming factors. Nature. 2009;458(7239):771-775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reay D. Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP-L138 EXperimenter. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, eds. Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems III: Special Issue on Data and Knowledge Management in Grid and P2P Systems. Vol 6790. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Hedegaard JS, Wrbka S. The Notion of Consumer Under EU Legislation and EU Case Law: Between the Poles of Legal Certainty and Flexibility. In: Fenwick M, Wrbka S, eds. Legal Certainty in a Contemporary Context: Private and Criminal Law Perspectives. Singapore: Springer; 2016:69-88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Pediatrics.

Blog post
Luntz S. Vaporized Comets Or Asteroids Detected Around A Young Star. IFLScience. Published January 9, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Proprietary Schools: Stronger Department of Education Oversight Needed to Help Ensure Only Eligible Students Receive Federal Student Aid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hartley DL. Transnational jazz and blues: Aural aesthetics and African diasporic fiction. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Express Concern Over Aspects of Some Texas Redistricting. New York Times. March 2, 2006:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Pediatrics
AbbreviationAcad. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)1876-2859
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles