How to format your references using the Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (Japan J. Indust. Appl. Math.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rehkämper, M.: Tracing the Earth’s evolution. Nature. 407, 848–849 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Roopnarine, P.D., Angielczyk, K.D.: Community stability and selective extinction during the Permian-Triassic mass extinction. Science. 350, 90–93 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bastos-Aristizabal, S., Kozlov, G., Gehring, K.: Structure of the substrate-binding b’ domain of the Protein Disulfide Isomerase-Like protein of the Testis. Sci. Rep. 4, 4464 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kiernan, A.E., Pelling, A.L., Leung, K.K.H., Tang, A.S.P., Bell, D.M., Tease, C., Lovell-Badge, R., Steel, K.P., Cheah, K.S.E.: Sox2 is required for sensory organ development in the mammalian inner ear. Nature. 434, 1031–1035 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held, G.: Virtual Private Networking. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Kim, K.J., Chung, K.-Y. eds: IT Convergence and Security 2012. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Chatain, T., Haar, S.: A Canonical Contraction for Safe Petri Nets. In: Koutny, M., Haddad, S., and Yakovlev, A. (eds.) Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency IX. pp. 83–98. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: What Exactly Does “Instantaneous’’ Mean?,”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Improved Planning and Acquisition Strategies Can Help Address Operational Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao, L.: Mathematical Modeling of Long-Term Productivity of Hydraulic- and HEG- Fractured Wells in Ultra-Low Permeability Reservoirs, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J.: Shhh! That Helpful Robot May Pose a Security Risk, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationJpn. J. Ind. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0916-7005
ISSN (online)1868-937X
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics

Other styles