How to format your references using the Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quaas, J.: Atmosphere. Smoke and climate change. Science. 325, 153–154 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hennessy, E.T., Betley, T.A.: Complex N-heterocycle synthesis via iron-catalyzed, direct C-H bond amination. Science. 340, 591–595 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sims, D.W., Andrews, P.L., Young, J.Z.: Stomach rinsing in rays. Nature. 404, 566 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smolyaninova, V.N., Yost, B., Zander, K., Osofsky, M.S., Kim, H., Saha, S., Greene, R.L., Smolyaninov, I.I.: Experimental demonstration of superconducting critical temperature increase in electromagnetic metamaterials. Sci. Rep. 4, 7321 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tran, J.: The Vietnam War and Theologies of Memory. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Kazienko, P., Chawla, N. eds: Applications of Social Media and Social Network Analysis. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, C., Zhu, S., Guan, X., Shen, X.: Node Deployment for Distributed Consensus Estimation. In: Zhu, S., Guan, X., and Shen, X. (sherman) (eds.) Wireless Sensor Networks: Distributed Consensus Estimation. pp. 65–79. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: The Alliance Between Jellyfish And Baby Fish Fails The Acid Test,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Spectrum Management: Further Consideration of Options to Improve Receiver Performance Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper, J.: Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow in a Porous Media Using Python, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Remembering Waitz, a Champion and Companion, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationJpn. J. Ind. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0916-7005
ISSN (online)1868-937X
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics

Other styles