How to format your references using the Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garboczi, D.N.: Structural biology. “D” is not for diversity. Science. 308, 209–210 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
McFarland, E.W., Tang, J.: A photovoltaic device structure based on internal electron emission. Nature. 421, 616–618 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Haince, J.-F., Rouleau, M., Poirier, G.G.: Transcription. Gene expression needs a break to unwind before carrying on. Science. 312, 1752–1753 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guogas, L.M., Filman, D.J., Hogle, J.M., Gehrke, L.: Cofolding organizes alfalfa mosaic virus RNA and coat protein for replication. Science. 306, 2108–2111 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety: Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (1995)
An edited book
Ott, I., Kõiv, T. eds: Lake Verevi, Estonia — A Highly Stratified Hypertrophic Lake. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, S.: Computational Complexity. In: Dutta, R., Kamal, A.E., and Rouskas, G.N. (eds.) Traffic Grooming for Optical Networks: Foundations, Techniques, and Frontiers. pp. 57–72. Springer US, Boston, MA (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Divorce Rates Are Highest After Family Vacations,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Computer Systems: Actions on OMB Recommendations for a Joint Lookout System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes, J.: Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: To the City, From The Country, (2008)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationJpn. J. Ind. Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0916-7005
ISSN (online)1868-937X
ScopeGeneral Engineering
Applied Mathematics

Other styles