How to format your references using the Hormones and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, J.R., 2014. Climate science: El Niño’s variable history. Nature 515, 494–495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boetius, A., Joye, S., 2009. Ecology. Thriving in salt. Science 324, 1523–1525.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halter, W.E., Pettke, T., Heinrich, C.A., 2002. The origin of Cu/Au ratios in porphyry-type ore deposits. Science 296, 1844–1846.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lorenzo, M.O., Baddeley, C.J., Muryn, C., Raval, R., 2000. Extended surface chirality from supramolecular assemblies of adsorbed chiral molecules. Nature 404, 376–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Reedy, M.A., 2016. Project Management in the Oil and Gas Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Simón Mata, A., 2016. Fundamentals of Machine Theory and Mechanisms, Mechanisms and Machine Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Dudarenko, N., Rana, J., Synnes, K., 2010. Ranking Algorithm by Contacts Priority for Social Communication Systems, in: Balandin, S., Dunaytsev, R., Koucheryavy, Y. (Eds.), Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: Third Conference on Smart Spaces, RuSMART 2010, and 10th International Conference, NEW2AN 2010, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 23-25, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. World First: 3D Acoustic Cloaking Device [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Intercity Passenger Rail: Potential Financial Issues in the Event That Amtrak Undergoes Liquidation (No. GAO-02-871). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fair, C.L., 2012. Structure of the Roberts Mountains allochthon in the Three Bar Ranch Quadrangle, Roberts Mountains, Eureka County, Nevada (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J.R., 2017. Self-Driving Cars Might Need Standards, but Whose? New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Boetius and Joye, 2009; Brown, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boetius and Joye, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lorenzo et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Behavior
AbbreviationHorm. Behav.
ISSN (print)0018-506X
Behavioral Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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