How to format your references using the Hormones and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Austin, J., 2014. Reviewing the reviewers. Science 345, 1206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Della Valle, M., Gilmozzi, R., 2002. Rebirth of novae as distance indicators due to efficient, large telescopes. Science 296, 1275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deitsch, K.W., Calderwood, M.S., Wellems, T.E., 2001. Malaria. Cooperative silencing elements in var genes. Nature 412, 875–876.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, J., Kwok, T.Y., Li, X., Cao, W., Wang, Y., Huang, J., Hong, Y., Zhang, D., Wen, W., 2013. Mapping three-dimensional temperature in microfluidic chip. Sci. Rep. 3, 3321.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant, F.M., Anders, E., 2005. A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Frieden, B.R., Gatenby, R.A. (Eds.), 2007. Exploratory Data Analysis Using Fisher Information. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Basharu, M., Arana, I., Ahriz, H., 2008. Escaping Local Optima: Constraint Weights vs. Value Penalties, in: Bramer, M., Coenen, F., Petridis, M. (Eds.), Research and Development in Intelligent Systems XXIV: Proceedings of AI-2007, the Twenty-Seventh SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence. Springer, London, pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Researchers Monitor Worm Nervous System Live In 3D [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. An Approach to the Audit of Research and Development Activities (No. 091023). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al khuwaildi, H.A., 2010. Green techniques in the healthcare system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. Venezuela Cancels Dudamel’s Tour. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Austin, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Austin, 2014; Della Valle and Gilmozzi, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Della Valle and Gilmozzi, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Behavior
AbbreviationHorm. Behav.
ISSN (print)0018-506X
Behavioral Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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