How to format your references using the Hormones and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meselson, M., 2012. Retrospective. Paul Mead Doty (1920-2011). Science 335, 181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillon, J., Yakir, D., 2001. Influence of carbonic anhydrase activity in terrestrial vegetation on the 18O content of atmospheric CO2. Science 291, 2584–2587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cabanes, C., Cazenave, A., Le Provost, C., 2001. Sea level rise during past 40 years determined from satellite and in situ observations. Science 294, 840–842.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bachnoff, N., Cohen-Kutner, M., Trus, M., Atlas, D., 2013. Intra-membrane signaling between the voltage-gated Ca2+-channel and cysteine residues of syntaxin 1A coordinates synchronous release. Sci. Rep. 3, 1620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fight, A., 2004. Understanding International Bank Risk. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Telò, M. (Ed.), 2012. State, Globalization and Multilateralism: The challenges of institutionalizing regionalism, United Nations University Series on Regionalism. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaviani, S., Tellambura, C., Krzymień, W.A., 2007. On the Performance of Transmit Antenna Selection with OSTBC in Ricean MIMO Channels, in: Pupolin, S. (Ed.), Wireless Communications 2007 CNIT Thyrrenian Symposium, Signals and Communication Technology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. If The US Had Price On Carbon, Would Keystone XL Have Made Sense? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Electronic Government: Opportunities and Challenges Facing the FirstGov Web Gateway (No. GAO-01-87T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pierre, R.R., 2019. A Phenomenological Study of the Boomerang-Employment Experience of Scientists and Engineers (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Galam, S., 2017. Abstention, France’s last temptation. New York Times 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meselson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gillon and Yakir, 2001; Meselson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gillon and Yakir, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bachnoff et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Behavior
AbbreviationHorm. Behav.
ISSN (print)0018-506X
Behavioral Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Other styles