How to format your references using the Hormones and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sampat, B.N., 2010. Lessons from Bayh-Dole. Nature 468, 755–756.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hawkins, P.T., Stephens, L.R., 2007. PI3Kgamma is a key regulator of inflammatory responses and cardiovascular homeostasis. Science 318, 64–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDonald, J.J., Teder-Sälejärvi, W.A., Ward, L.M., 2001. Multisensory integration and crossmodal attention effects in the human brain. Science 292, 1791.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, H., Linke, W.A., Oberhauser, A.F., Carrion-Vazquez, M., Kerkvliet, J.G., Lu, H., Marszalek, P.E., Fernandez, J.M., 2002. Reverse engineering of the giant muscle protein titin. Nature 418, 998–1002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pevsner, J., 2005. Bioinformatics and Functional Genomics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sauvaud, J.-A., Němeček, Z. (Eds.), 2005. Multiscale Processes in the Earth’s Magnetosphere: From Interball to Cluster, NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Croft, H., 2016. Rethinking Civilian Neuroses in the Second World War, in: Leese, P., Crouthamel, J. (Eds.), Traumatic Memories of the Second World War and After. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 95–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. How Will British Science Be Affected If The UK Votes To Leave The EU? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Technology Transfer: NNSA Did Not Implement the Technology Infrastructure Pilot Program (No. GAO-02-708R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, B., 2014. Bullying of Individuals with Disabilities on a College Campus: A Qualitative Study (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Nassau Working to Close Gap in 2008 Budget. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sampat, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hawkins and Stephens, 2007; Sampat, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hawkins and Stephens, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Behavior
AbbreviationHorm. Behav.
ISSN (print)0018-506X
Behavioral Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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