How to format your references using the Hormones and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hansen, B., 2000. A bright future for dark matter. Nature 403, 30–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weimerskirch, H., Wilson, R.P., 2000. Oceanic respite for wandering albatrosses. Nature 406, 955–956.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnold, K.E., Owens, I.P.F., Marshall, N.J., 2002. Fluorescent signaling in parrots. Science 295, 92.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kohl, I., Bachmann, L., Mayer, E., Hallbrucker, A., Loerting, T., 2005. Water Behaviour: glass transition in hyperquenched water? Nature 435, E1; discussion E1-2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferdjallah, M., 2011. Introduction to Digital Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vicini, C., Hoff, P.T., Montevecchi, F. (Eds.), 2016. TransOral Robotic Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Practical Guide to Surgical Approach and Patient Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Regine, G., Atzori, M., Fabbri, R., 2012. Mdc in ecografia pediatrica e nello studio dei reflussi vescico-uretrali: «cistosonografia», in: Atzori, M., Fabbri, R. (Eds.), Ecocontrastografia Dell’apparato Urinario. Springer, Milano, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Behavior.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Earth Has A Brand-New Continent Called Zealandia, And It’s Been Hiding In Plain Sight For Ages [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Transportation Security: Federal Action Needed to Help Address Security Challenges (No. GAO-03-843). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newsom, S.M., 2012. Love and Creativity: A Shared Dynamic (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blecher, G., 2016. The Diners Fade Away. New York Times MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hansen, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hansen, 2000; Weimerskirch and Wilson, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weimerskirch and Wilson, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kohl et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Behavior
AbbreviationHorm. Behav.
ISSN (print)0018-506X
Behavioral Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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