How to format your references using the Hormones and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levinson, S.C., 2012. Psychology. Kinship and human thought. Science 336, 988–989.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baldwin, M.P., Dunkerton, T.J., 2001. Stratospheric harbingers of anomalous weather regimes. Science 294, 581–584.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, Z., Gandhi, C.S., Rees, D.C., 2009. Structure of a tetrameric MscL in an expanded intermediate state. Nature 461, 120–124.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aronson, R.B., Precht, W.F., Macintyre, I.G., Murdoch, T.J., 2000. Coral bleach-out in Belize. Nature 405, 36.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells, J.T., 2017. Corporate Fraud Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wallace, M., Angelides, M.C., Mylonas, P. (Eds.), 2008. Advances in Semantic Media Adaptation and Personalization, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chapin, F.S., Cochran, P., Huntington, O.H., Knapp, C.N., Brinkman, T.J., Gadamus, L.R., 2013. Traditional Knowledge and Wisdom: A Guide for Understanding and Shaping Alaskan Social-Ecological Change, in: Rozzi, R., Pickett, S.T.A., Palmer, C., Armesto, J.J., Callicott, J.B. (Eds.), Linking Ecology and Ethics for a Changing World: Values, Philosophy, and Action. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Behavior.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Dinosaur Extinction Extended To The Antarctic [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Quantitative Data Analysis: An Introduction (No. PEMD-10.1.11). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela, B.D., 2013. Thirty-Year-Old Mulberry Field (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Leading a Paper’s Shift as Journalism Evolves. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levinson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Baldwin and Dunkerton, 2001; Levinson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baldwin and Dunkerton, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Aronson et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Behavior
AbbreviationHorm. Behav.
ISSN (print)0018-506X
Behavioral Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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