How to format your references using the JAMIA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMIA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Shatz CJ. Lawrence C. Katz (1956-2005). Nature 2006;439:152.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Horn PJ, Peterson CL. Molecular biology. Chromatin higher order folding--wrapping up transcription. Science 2002;297:1824–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Storey M, Duncan RA, Swisher CC 3rd. Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic. Science 2007;316:587–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Tuzzolino AJ, Economou TE, Clark BC, et al. Dust measurements in the coma of comet 81P/Wild 2 by the Dust Flux Monitor Instrument. Science 2004;304:1776–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Medhurst D. A Brief and Practical Guide to EU Law. Oxford, UK: : Blackwell Science Ltd 2008.
An edited book
1
Dixon I. Entertainment Apps on the Go with Windows 10: Music, Movies, and TV for PCs, Tablets, and Phones. Berkeley, CA: : Apress 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Prasad GA, Wang KK. Endoscopic Therapy for Early Esophageal Cancer and Premalignant Lesions in Barrett’s Esophagus. In: Faigel DO, Kochman ML, eds. Endoscopic Oncology: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Cancer Management. Totowa, NJ: : Humana Press 2006. 43–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMIA.

Blog post
1
Davis J. Blue Whale Spotted Tangled In Fishing Line Off Southern Californian Coast. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/blue-whale-spotted-tangled-fishing-line-southern-californian-coast/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Credit Reporting Literacy: Consumers Understood the Basics but Could Benefit from Targeted Educational Efforts. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Buckingham T. Every teacher an English teacher? Literacy strategy teaching and research in the content area of science education. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Walsh MW. Ruling Sets Up Pension Battle in Bankrupt City. New York Times. 2013;:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMIA
AbbreviationJ. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1067-5027
ISSN (online)1527-974X
ScopeHealth Informatics

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