How to format your references using the JAMIA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMIA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Smaglik P. Forcing the market. Nature 2003;426:735.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Clements DH, Sarama J. Early childhood mathematics intervention. Science 2011;333:968–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Huxter J, Burgess N, O’Keefe J. Independent rate and temporal coding in hippocampal pyramidal cells. Nature 2003;425:828–32.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Zürner A, Kirstein J, Döblinger M, et al. Visualizing single-molecule diffusion in mesoporous materials. Nature 2007;450:705–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Gaynor GH. Decisions. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2014.
An edited book
1
Purcell R, Randall R, editors. 21st Century Perspectives on Music, Technology, and Culture: Listening Spaces. London: : Palgrave Macmillan UK 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Panda RK. Trend and Pattern of Crop Diversification in Odisha. In: Ghosh M, Sarkar D, Roy BC, eds. Diversification of Agriculture in Eastern India. New Delhi: : Springer India 2015. 59–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMIA.

Blog post
1
Davis J. This Fish Has An Unusual Way To Protect Against Sperm-Spraying Cheats. IFLScience. 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Proposed Regulation Prescribing New ‘Fixed-Price Options’ " Provisions for Use in Automatic Data Processing Systems Procurement. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Daczo Z. Wage inequality and the gender wage gap: Are American women swimming upstream? 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Lanchester J. What the West Can Learn From Japan About the Cultural Value of Work. New York Times. 2016;:MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMIA
AbbreviationJ. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1067-5027
ISSN (online)1527-974X
ScopeHealth Informatics

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