How to format your references using the JAMIA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMIA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Roebroeks W. Archaeology: Art on the move. Nature 2014;514:170–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Pessa HKJ, Frilander MJ. Genetics. Minor splicing, disrupted. Science 2011;332:184–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Dotera T, Oshiro T, Ziherl P. Mosaic two-lengthscale quasicrystals. Nature 2014;506:208–11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Kamiya D, Banno S, Sasai N, et al. Intrinsic transition of embryonic stem-cell differentiation into neural progenitors. Nature 2011;470:503–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Dinet J. Information Retrieval in Digital Environments. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2014.
An edited book
1
Hofstede AHM, Aalst WMP, Adams M, et al., editors. Modern Business Process Automation: YAWL and its Support Environment. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Marani E, Koch WFRM. Concepts and Approaches in the Study of the Pelvis. In: Koch WFRM, ed. The Pelvis: Structure, Gender and Society. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2014. 111–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMIA.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Supernova Observation Sheds Light On The Origins Of Cosmic Dust. IFLScience. 2014.https://www.iflscience.com/space/supernova-observation-sheds-light-origins-cosmic-dust/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Economic Espionage: Information on Threat From U.S. Allies. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Koons LM. An outreach program for homeless individuals: A grant proposal. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1
Lee L. Eve Thompson and Richard Robinson. New York Times. 2008;:ST11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMIA
AbbreviationJ. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1067-5027
ISSN (online)1527-974X
ScopeHealth Informatics

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