How to format your references using the JAMIA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMIA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Michel-Kerjan E. Effective risk response needs a prepared mindset. Nature 2015;517:413.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Burlini L, Di Toro G. Geophysics. Volcanic symphony in the lab. Science 2008;322:207–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Dunn B, Kamath H, Tarascon J-M. Electrical energy storage for the grid: a battery of choices. Science 2011;334:928–35.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Grisendi S, Bernardi R, Rossi M, et al. Role of nucleophosmin in embryonic development and tumorigenesis. Nature 2005;437:147–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Mazar Madjar H. Radio Spectrum Management. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd 2016.
An edited book
1
Petrosino A, Maddalena L, Pala P, editors. New Trends in Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: ICIAP 2013 International Workshops, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Yee NS. Toward the Goal of Personalized Therapy in Pancreatic Cancer by Targeting the Molecular Phenotype. In: El-Deiry WS, ed. Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy. New York, NY: : Springer 2013. 91–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMIA.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J. How Do We Tell The World That We’ve Found Alien Life? IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/space/how-do-we-tell-world-weve-found-alien-life/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. 2010 Census: Key Enumeration Activities Are Moving Forward, but Information Technology Systems Remain a Concern. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Leak SC. Building community capacity to meet the needs of our aging society: Interdisciplinary competency development for professionals. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kenigsberg B. The Latest Word From Al Gore on Climate Change. New York Times. 2017;:C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMIA
AbbreviationJ. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1067-5027
ISSN (online)1527-974X
ScopeHealth Informatics

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