How to format your references using the IDCases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IDCases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macilwain C. World view: Calling science to account. Nature 2010;463:875.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Karsenti E, Vernos I. The mitotic spindle: a self-made machine. Science 2001;294:543–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Khatiwala S, Primeau F, Hall T. Reconstruction of the history of anthropogenic CO(2) concentrations in the ocean. Nature 2009;462:346–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Chen T, Gu J, Zhang X, Ma Y, Cao L, Wang Z, et al. System-level study on synergism and antagonism of active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine by using molecular imprinting technology. Sci Rep 2014;4:7159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Anson EM. Alexander’s Heirs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Nicholson LA. Understanding the Caribbean Enterprise: Insights from MSMEs and Family Owned Businesses. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gregorcyk SG. Fecal Incontinence. In: Zimmern PE, Norton PA, Haab F, Chapple CCR, editors. Vaginal Surgery for Incontinence and Prolapse, London: Springer; 2006, p. 55–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IDCases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. New Hope For People Obsessed With Amputating One Of Their Own Limbs. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-hope-for-people-obsessed-with-amputating-one-of-their-own-limbs/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Curriculum Use and Individual Child Assessment in Cognitive and Language Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Okada T. Corporate culture and organizational efficiency in the competitive international market. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pipher M. Nebraska’s Lonely Progressives. New York Times 2014:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIDCases
AbbreviationIDCases
ISSN (print)2214-2509
Scope

Other styles