How to format your references using the IDCases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IDCases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Huber JA. MICROBIAL ECOLOGY. Making methane down deep. Science 2015;349:376–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bartek J, Lukas J. Cell biology. Balancing life-or-death decisions. Science 2006;314:261–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Parker JD, Burkepile DE, Hay ME. Opposing effects of native and exotic herbivores on plant invasions. Science 2006;311:1459–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Eldakar OT, Dlugos MJ, Pepper JW, Wilson DS. Population structure mediates sexual conflict in water striders. Science 2009;326:816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Braha A, Groza G. Moderne Abwassertechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Kim D, editors. Social Capital and Health. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Duerbeck HW. Strasbourg Observatory in World War II. In: Heck A, editor. The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 123–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IDCases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Spiders Disguise Themselves as Ants to Hide and Hunt Their Prey. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Privacy Policy Activities of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Maldonado JA. Searching for Confirmation. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Mets’ Young Starters Come at Bargain Price in 2017. New York Times 2016:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIDCases
AbbreviationIDCases
ISSN (print)2214-2509
Scope

Other styles