How to format your references using the Baghdad Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Baghdad Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fontana W. Chemistry. Pulling strings. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2006;314(5805): 1552–1553.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson DL, King SD. Geology. Driving the Earth machine? Science (New York, N.Y.). 2014;346(6214): 1184–1185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hastings IM, Bray PG, Ward SA. Parasitology. A requiem for chloroquine. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2002;298(5591): 74–75.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wilson RJ, Thomas CD, Fox R, Roy DB, Kunin WE. Spatial patterns in species distributions reveal biodiversity change. Nature. 2004;432(7015): 393–396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bell M. Incremental Software Architecture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Dallenbach-Hellweg G. Atlas of Endometrial Histopathology.. 3rd ed. Schmidt D, Dallenbach F, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. IX, 245 p. 118 illus., 64 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Della Mea V. Gödel’s Childhood and Other Algorithms. In: Emmer M, editor. Imagine Math 2: Between Culture and Mathematics. Milano: Springer; 2013. p. 23–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Baghdad Science Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Stalagmites Preserve 3,000 Years of Northern Hemisphere Climate. [Online] IFLScience. IFLScience; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federally Leased Vehicles: Agencies Should Strengthen Assessment Processes to Reduce Underutilized Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office. Report number: GAO-16-136, 2016 Jan.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anisko JJ. Selling Mexico’s vistas: A visual discourse analysis of promotional materials of Loreto Bay, Mexico. [Doctoral dissertation] [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M. Toys ‘R’ Us Is Said To Weigh Bankruptcy. New York Times. 2017; B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleBaghdad Science Journal
ISSN (print)2078-8665
ISSN (online)2411-7986

Other styles