How to format your references using the Baghdad Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Baghdad Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Castro Neto AH. Physics. Another spin on graphene. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2011;332(6027): 315–316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boyet M, Carlson RW. 142Nd evidence for early (>4.53 Ga) global differentiation of the silicate Earth. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2005;309(5734): 576–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Campbell CT, Parker SC, Starr DE. The effect of size-dependent nanoparticle energetics on catalyst sintering. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2002;298(5594): 811–814.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu X, Si W, Zhang J, Sun X, Deng J, Baunack S, et al. Free-standing Fe2O3 nanomembranes enabling ultra-long cycling life and high rate capability for Li-ion batteries. Scientific reports. 2014;4: 7452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu S, Liu Y. Modeling and Simulation for Microelectronic Packaging Assembly. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Gerber J. Leveraging Flexibility: Win the Race with Dynamic Decision Management. Arms H, Wiecher M, Danner C, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XV, 159 p. 40 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Harper RHR. The Metaphysics of Communications Overload. In: Murray-Smith R, editor. Mobile Social Signal Processing: First International Workshop, MSSP 2010, Lisbon, Portugal, September 7, 2010, Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 42–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Baghdad Science Journal.

Blog post
Hale T. Check Out This Remote Control SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Nail Its Landing. [Online] IFLScience. IFLScience; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Systemwide Education Reform: Federal Leadership Could Facilitate District-Level Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office. Report number: HRD-93-97, 1993 Apr.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark S. Psychological resilience, daily stressors, and implications for physical activity levels in mothers with young children. [Doctoral dissertation] [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. ‘I Am Cait,’ Failing to Attract Viewers, Is Ending After Two Seasons. New York Times. 2016; C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleBaghdad Science Journal
ISSN (print)2078-8665
ISSN (online)2411-7986

Other styles