How to format your references using the Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tittel W (2015) Quantum physics: Teleportation for two. Nature 518:491–492
A journal article with 2 authors
Singer PA, Daar AS (2001) Harnessing genomics and biotechnology to improve global health equity. Science 294:87–89
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen BA, Hewins RH, Yu Y (2000) Evaporation in the young solar nebula as the origin of “just-right” melting of chondrules. Nature 406:600–602
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Prinz M, Heikenwalder M, Junt T, et al (2003) Positioning of follicular dendritic cells within the spleen controls prion neuroinvasion. Nature 425:957–962

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maude D (2006) Global Private Banking and Wealth Management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Weber WG, Thoma M, Ostendorf A, Chisholm L (eds) (2012) Democratic Competences and Social Practices in Organizations. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden
A chapter in an edited book
Diekötter T, Walther-Hellwig K, Conradi M, et al (2006) Effects of landscape elements on the distribution of the rare bumblebee species Bombus muscorum in an agricultural landscape. In: Hawksworth DL, Bull AT (eds) Arthropod Diversity and Conservation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 43–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Doctors Hope To Convert Fat Into Ears. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) National Airspace System: Transformation will Require Cultural Change, Balanced Funding Priorities, and Use of All Available Management Tools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelleher A (2017) Gendered Intent to Turnover Resulting from Workplace Bullying in Nursing and Medical Fields. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gluck JP (2016) Regretting My Animal Research. New York Times SR7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tittel 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Singer and Daar 2001; Tittel 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singer and Daar 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Prinz et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethodology and Computing in Applied Probability
AbbreviationMethodol. Comput. Appl. Probab.
ISSN (print)1387-5841
ISSN (online)1573-7713
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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