How to format your references using the Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abreu A (2012) Harnessing new scientific capacity. Science 336:1397
A journal article with 2 authors
Köhler H-R, Triebskorn R (2013) Wildlife ecotoxicology of pesticides: can we track effects to the population level and beyond? Science 341:759–765
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler SJ, Vickery JA, Norris K (2007) Farmland biodiversity and the footprint of agriculture. Science 315:381–384
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lundegaard LF, Weck G, McMahon MI, et al (2006) Observation of an O8 molecular lattice in the epsilon phase of solid oxygen. Nature 443:201–204

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gladon RJ, Graves WR, Kelly JM (2011) Getting Published in the Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lee SY (2014) Green Leadership in China: Management Strategies from China’s Most Responsible Companies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Fukushima O (2010) Jikei University School of Medicine: An Interprofessional Medical Education Program. In: Watanabe H, Koizumi M (eds) Advanced Initiatives in Interprofessional Education in Japan: Japan Interprofessional Working and Education Network. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 49–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Experience Mars With New Online Tools To Celebrate Curiosity’s Birthday. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: ADP. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith JR (2010) The evolving profile of alternative tobacco use in California. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) In the End, Conduct Is What Counts. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abreu 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Abreu 2012; Köhler and Triebskorn 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Köhler and Triebskorn 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lundegaard et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethodology and Computing in Applied Probability
AbbreviationMethodol. Comput. Appl. Probab.
ISSN (print)1387-5841
ISSN (online)1573-7713
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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