How to format your references using the Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman KS (2005) Biotech boom. Nature 436:480–483
A journal article with 2 authors
Maselli V, Trincardi F (2013) Man made deltas. Sci Rep 3:1926
A journal article with 3 authors
Vassilopoulos G, Wang P-R, Russell DW (2003) Transplanted bone marrow regenerates liver by cell fusion. Nature 422:901–904
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li H, Dong B, Zhang Z, et al (2014) A transparent broadband ultrasonic detector based on an optical micro-ring resonator for photoacoustic microscopy. Sci Rep 4:4496

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Werner M (2015) Global Displacements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kaczorek T (2015) Fractional Linear Systems and Electrical Circuits. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Wu TY, Guo N, Teh CY, Hay JXW (2013) Efficiency Issues for Ultrasound. In: Guo N, Teh CY, Hay JXW (eds) Advances in Ultrasound Technology for Environmental Remediation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 95–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Photons Couldn’t Easily Escape Ancient Galaxies. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Space Operations: Archiving Space Science Data Needs Further Management Improvements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sorensen TR (2010) The Use of Classroom Walk-Through Observations as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning: A Student Centered Perspective. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2000) Mere Bits of Skimpy Plastic Are Hits at Sample Sale Day. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Jayaraman 2005; Maselli and Trincardi 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maselli and Trincardi 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethodology and Computing in Applied Probability
AbbreviationMethodol. Comput. Appl. Probab.
ISSN (print)1387-5841
ISSN (online)1573-7713
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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