How to format your references using the Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bréon F-M (2006) Climate. How do aerosols affect cloudiness and climate? Science 313:623–624
A journal article with 2 authors
Di Noia J, Neuberger MS (2002) Altering the pathway of immunoglobulin hypermutation by inhibiting uracil-DNA glycosylase. Nature 419:43–48
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi K, Yoshimura J, Hasegawa E (2013) Coexistence of sexual individuals and genetically isolated asexual counterparts in a thrips. Sci Rep 3:3286
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Novoselov KS, Geim AK, Morozov SV, et al (2005) Two-dimensional gas of massless Dirac fermions in graphene. Nature 438:197–200

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans R (2010) Seven Secrets of the Savvy School Leader. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Zhou W, Wang ZL (eds) (2007) Scanning Microscopy for Nanotechnology: Techniques and Applications. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Hofer H (2010) Holomorphic Curves and Real Three-Dimensional Dynamics. In: Alon N, Bourgain J, Connes A, et al. (eds) Visions in Mathematics: GAFA 2000 Special volume, Part II. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 674–704

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Chickens From Hell And Cartwheeling Spiders: The Top 10 New Species 2015. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Commercial Aviation: Preliminary Observations on Legacy Airlines’ Financial Condition, Bankruptcy, and Pension Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashrafzadeh MH (2008) Provision of community services for the mentally challenged population in Iran. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall A (2016) Police Ease Rules on Beards and Turbans for Religious Officers. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bréon 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Di Noia and Neuberger 2002; Bréon 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Di Noia and Neuberger 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Novoselov et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethodology and Computing in Applied Probability
AbbreviationMethodol. Comput. Appl. Probab.
ISSN (print)1387-5841
ISSN (online)1573-7713
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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