How to format your references using the Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kulmala M (2003) Atmospheric science. How particles nucleate and grow. Science 302:1000–1001
A journal article with 2 authors
Chudinovskikh L, Boehler R (2001) High-pressure polymorphs of olivine and the 660-km seismic discontinuity. Nature 411:574–577
A journal article with 3 authors
He Y, Michaels SD, Amasino RM (2003) Regulation of flowering time by histone acetylation in Arabidopsis. Science 302:1751–1754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Schneider H, Schuettpelz E, Pryer KM, et al (2004) Ferns diversified in the shadow of angiosperms. Nature 428:553–557

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuus M (2013) Geopolitics and Expertise. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Cheng L, Liu Q, Ronzhin A (eds) (2016) Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2016: 13th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2016, St. Petersburg, Russia, July 6-8, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Straubhaar T (2012) Some Short Thoughts on “The Economics of Slavery.” In: Backhaus JG (ed) The Liberation of the Serfs: The Economics of Unfree Labor. Springer, New York, NY, pp 15–18

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Scientists Discover Parrot Fossil In The Most Unlikely Of Places: Siberia. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Satellite Control Capabilities: National Policy Could Help Consolidation and Cost Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor WA (2010) Every citizen a soldier: The U.S. Army’s campaign for universal military training following World War II. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Coachella Classic. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kulmala 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Chudinovskikh and Boehler 2001; Kulmala 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chudinovskikh and Boehler 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Schneider et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethodology and Computing in Applied Probability
AbbreviationMethodol. Comput. Appl. Probab.
ISSN (print)1387-5841
ISSN (online)1573-7713
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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