How to format your references using the JAMA Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMA Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wells TNC. Microbiology. Is the tide turning for new malaria medicines? Science. 2010;329(5996):1153-1154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Youk H, Lim WA. Secreting and sensing the same molecule allows cells to achieve versatile social behaviors. Science. 2014;343(6171):1242782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Yehuda S, Rudner DZ, Losick R. RacA, a bacterial protein that anchors chromosomes to the cell poles. Science. 2003;299(5606):532-536.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kosaka H, Inagaki T, Rikitake Y, Imamura H, Mitsumori Y, Edamatsu K. Spin state tomography of optically injected electrons in a semiconductor. Nature. 2009;457(7230):702-705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips JJ, Trotter WD, Phillips PP. Maximizing the Value of Consulting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Merkus HG, Meesters GMH, eds. Production, Handling and Characterization of Particulate Materials. Vol 25. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
de Oliveira AMP, Barbosa JC. Mathematical Modelling, Mathematical Content and Tensions in Discourses. In: Stillman GA, Kaiser G, Blum W, Brown JP, eds. Teaching Mathematical Modelling: Connecting to Research and Practice. International Perspectives on the Teaching and Learning of Mathematical Modelling. Springer Netherlands; 2013:67-76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMA Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Climate Change Is About To Accelerate Past The Point Of No Return. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Education and Counseling Pilot Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frisbee KL. The Impact of Mobile Health (Mhealth) Technology on Family Caregiver’s Burden Levels and an Assessment of Variations in Mhealth Tool Use. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E. Doctor Is Charged in Death After an Abortion. New York Times. October 12, 2016:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMA Dermatology
AbbreviationJAMA Dermatol.
ISSN (print)2168-6068
ISSN (online)2168-6084

Other styles