How to format your references using the JAMA Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMA Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K. A winning proposal. Nature. 2003;426(6962):102-103.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wright CW, Duckett CS. The aryl hydrocarbon nuclear translocator alters CD30-mediated NF-kappaB-dependent transcription. Science. 2009;323(5911):251-255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kwak SH, Shen R, Schiefelbein J. Positional signaling mediated by a receptor-like kinase in Arabidopsis. Science. 2005;307(5712):1111-1113.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sunshine JM, Farnham TL, Feaga LM, et al. Temporal and spatial variability of lunar hydration as observed by the Deep Impact spacecraft. Science. 2009;326(5952):565-568.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pompian MM. Advising Ultra-Affluent Clients and Family Offices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Kömer P, Abraham A, Snášel V, eds. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications IBICA 2014. Vol 303. Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Irwin K. Redesigning Secure Protocols to Compel Security Checks (Transcript of Discussion). In: Christianson B, Švenda P, Matyáš V, Malcolm J, Stajano F, Anderson J, eds. Security Protocols XXIII: 23rd International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 31 - April 2, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2015:30-40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMA Dermatology.

Blog post
Fang J. Nasty Virus Makes Crickets Sterile, but Horny. IFLScience. Published April 3, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Services: Better Dissemination and Oversight of DOT’s Guidance Could Lead to Improved Access for Limited English-Proficient Populations. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buquiran ES. Factors Affecting Members’ Retention in Toastmasters International. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell M. Power Players Behind A Gooden Ceremony. New York Times. May 29, 2017:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMA Dermatology
AbbreviationJAMA Dermatol.
ISSN (print)2168-6068
ISSN (online)2168-6084

Other styles