How to format your references using the JAMA Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMA Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bordignon C. Stem-cell therapies for blood diseases. Nature. 2006;441(7097):1100-1102.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pujolle-Robic C, Noirez L. Observation of shear-induced nematic-isotropic transition in side-chain liquid crystal polymers. Nature. 2001;409(6817):167-171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Millonig JH, Millen KJ, Hatten ME. The mouse Dreher gene Lmx1a controls formation of the roof plate in the vertebrate CNS. Nature. 2000;403(6771):764-769.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Parker AR, Welch VL, Driver D, Martini N. Structural colour: opal analogue discovered in a weevil. Nature. 2003;426(6968):786-787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Naini FB. Facial Aesthetics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
Gupta G, Peña R, eds. Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 23rd International Symposium, LOPSTR 2013, Madrid, Spain, September 18-19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 8901. Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu L, Porras A, Benavides R, Zeballos DG, Arevalo JF. Angiography of Retinal Vascular Diseases. In: Arevalo JF, ed. Retinal Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography. Springer; 2009:105-132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMA Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Climate Change Is Causing Reindeer To Literally Shrink. IFLScience. Published December 13, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. OMB Needs To More Fully Consider Government-Wide Implications in Its Telecommunications Initiatives. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yaceczko SD. A Telehealth Nutrition Manual for an Online Intensive Behavioral Weight Management Program. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Halbfinger DM, Hubbard B. Airstrikes on Syrian Sites Renew Focus on Chemical Arms. New York Times. September 7, 2017:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMA Dermatology
AbbreviationJAMA Dermatol.
ISSN (print)2168-6068
ISSN (online)2168-6084

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