How to format your references using the JAMA Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMA Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary DC. Chemistry. Geometric phase in chemical reactions. Science. 2005;309(5738):1195-1196.
A journal article with 2 authors
Honma T, Goto K. Complexes of MADS-box proteins are sufficient to convert leaves into floral organs. Nature. 2001;409(6819):525-529.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson JS, Rittle J, Peters JC. Catalytic conversion of nitrogen to ammonia by an iron model complex. Nature. 2013;501(7465):84-87.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hodgkin ST, Oppenheimer BR, Hambly NC, Jameson RF, Smartt SJ, Steele IA. Infrared spectrum of an extremely cool white-dwarf star. Nature. 2000;403(6765):57-59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King M. Process Control. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Bigatti AM, Gimenez P, Sáenz-de-Cabezón E, eds. Monomial Ideals, Computations and Applications. Vol 2083. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen LHV, Bonnet C. Stabilization of Some Fractional Neutral Delay Systems Which Possibly Possess an Infinite Number of Unstable Poles. In: Seuret A, Özbay H, Bonnet C, Mounier H, eds. Low-Complexity Controllers for Time-Delay Systems. Advances in Delays and Dynamics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:47-60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMA Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. How To Grow Your Own Bismuth Crystals. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Loan Programs: Lower Interest Rates and Higher Loan Volume Have Increased Federal Consolidation Loan Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janpengpen A. Monitoring and forecasting biosolids odors at prior lime and post lime addition in wastewater treatment plants. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Woods’s Downfall As Gripping As His Reign. New York Times. August 12, 2010:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMA Dermatology
AbbreviationJAMA Dermatol.
ISSN (print)2168-6068
ISSN (online)2168-6084

Other styles