How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman, K. S. (2006), “Break with Tradition,” Nature, 442(7101), 342–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubenov, Evgueniy V. and Athanassios G. Siapas (2009), “Hippocampal Theta Oscillations Are Travelling Waves,” Nature, 459(7246), 534–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshikuni, Yasuo, Thomas E. Ferrin, and Jay D. Keasling (2006), “Designed Divergent Evolution of Enzyme Function,” Nature, 440(7087), 1078–82.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bushnell, David A., Kenneth D. Westover, Ralph E. Davis, and Roger D. Kornberg (2004), “Structural Basis of Transcription: An RNA Polymerase II-TFIIB Cocrystal at 4.5 Angstroms,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5660), 983–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Braudeau, Erik, Amjad T. Assi, and Rabi H. Mohtar (2016), Hydrostructural Pedology, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Livingstone, D. W. and David Guile, Eds. (2012), The Knowledge Economy and Lifelong Learning: A Critical Reader, 4, Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Bagnara, Roberto, Enric Rodríguez-Carbonell, and Enea Zaffanella (2005), “Generation of Basic Semi-Algebraic Invariants Using Convex Polyhedra,” in Static Analysis: 12th International Symposium, SAS 2005, London, UK, September 7-9, 2005. Proceedings, ed. Chris Hankin and Igor Siveroni, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 19–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2015), “Pornhub Wants To Shoot A Porn Film In Space,” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008), NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station, GAO-08-581T, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nersessian, Nejdeh (2012), “Modified Gravity with Scale Invariance and Implications,” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary (2010), “A Classic Shoe, Restyled,” New York Times, October 28, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Jayaraman 2006; Lubenov and Siapas 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubenov and Siapas 2009)
  • Three authors: (Yoshikuni, Ferrin and Keasling 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bushnell et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Research
AbbreviationJ. Consum. Res.
ISSN (print)0093-5301
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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