How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ristein, Jürgen (2006), “Physics. Surface Transfer Doping of Semiconductors,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5790), 1057–58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chu, Steven and Arun Majumdar (2012), “Opportunities and Challenges for a Sustainable Energy Future,” Nature, 488(7411), 294–303.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregory, Jonathan M., Philippe Huybrechts, and Sarah C. B. Raper (2004), “Climatology: Threatened Loss of the Greenland Ice-Sheet,” Nature, 428(6983), 616.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Gang, Zongfang Li, Yang Wei, Yan Lin, Cengceng Yang, and Tie Liu (2014), “Direct Detection of FoxP3 Expression in Thymic Double-Negative CD4-CD8- Cells by Flow Cytometry,” Scientific reports, 4, 5781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bayuk, Jennifer L., Jason Healey, Paul Rohmeyer, Marcus H. Sachs, Jeffrey Schmidt, and Joseph Weiss (2012), Cyber Security Policy Guidebook, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kalaja, Paula (2015), Beliefs, Agency and Identity in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching, ed. Ana Maria F. Barcelos, Mari Aro, and Maria Ruohotie-Lyhty, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Sullivan, E. J. and J. V. Candy (2007), “SEQUENTIAL DETECTION ESTIMATION AND NOISE CANCELATION,” in Imaging for Detection and Identification, ed. Jim Byrnes, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 97–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2014), “The Strangest Defence Mechanisms In The Animal Kingdom,” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997), Federal-Aid Highway Program: Impact of the District of Columbia Emergency Highway Relief Act, RCED-97-162, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bukvic, Ivica Ico (2005), “Tabula Rasa: An Interactive Electroacoustic Work for Flute, Piano, Cello and Live Computer,” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben (2017), “Mountain Time For the Texans,” New York Times, August 10, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ristein 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chu and Majumdar 2012; Ristein 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chu and Majumdar 2012)
  • Three authors: (Gregory, Huybrechts and Raper 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Research
AbbreviationJ. Consum. Res.
ISSN (print)0093-5301
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles