How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landsea, Christopher W. (2005), “Meteorology: Hurricanes and Global Warming,” Nature, 438(7071), E11-2; discussion E13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, Richard G. and Barry W. Brook (2010), “Paleontology. And Then There Were None?,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5964), 420–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cosgaya, Jose M., Jonah R. Chan, and Eric M. Shooter (2002), “The Neurotrophin Receptor P75NTR as a Positive Modulator of Myelination,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5596), 1245–48.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Herrero, M., P. K. Thornton, A. M. Notenbaert, S. Wood, S. Msangi, H. A. Freeman, D. Bossio, J. Dixon, M. Peters, J. van de Steeg, J. Lynam, P. Parthasarathy Rao, S. Macmillan, B. Gerard, J. McDermott, C. Seré, and M. Rosegrant (2010), “Smart Investments in Sustainable Food Production: Revisiting Mixed Crop-Livestock Systems,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5967), 822–25.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohl, Jens (2011), Building Science, Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Reimer, Peter, Paul M. Parizel, and Falko-A Stichnoth, Eds. (2006), Clinical MR Imaging: A Practical Approach, Second, completely revised and updated edition, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, J., C. Pandit, S. P. Meyn, M. Médard, and V. Veeravalli (2007), “Entropy, Inference, and Channel Coding,” in Wireless Communications, ed. Prathima Agrawal, Philip J. Fleming, Lisa Zhang, Daniel Matthew Andrews, and George Yin, New York, NY: Springer, 99–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2015), “How Well Do You Know Your Shit?,” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982), Analysis of NASA’s Fiscal Year 1983 Budget Request for Research and Development To Determine the Amount That Supports DOD’s Programs, MASAD-82-33, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schliebe, Matthew C. (2017), “Impact of the Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus Clarkii ) on Benthic Community Structure in Southern California Wetlands,” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly (2001), “A Once-Quiet Precinct Council Quarrels Over Its Makeup,” New York Times, June 24, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Landsea 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Landsea 2005; Roberts and Brook 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Brook 2010)
  • Three authors: (Cosgaya, Chan, and Shooter 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Herrero et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Research
AbbreviationJ. Consum. Res.
ISSN (print)0093-5301
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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