How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Reilly, Tim (2011), “Steve Jobs (1955-2011),” Nature, 479(7371), 42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jung, Gyoo Yeol and Gregory Stephanopoulos (2004), “A Functional Protein Chip for Pathway Optimization and in Vitro Metabolic Engineering,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5669), 428–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, Bing, Teng Leng Ooi, and Zijiang J. He (2004), “Perceiving Distance Accurately by a Directional Process of Integrating Ground Information,” Nature, 428(6978), 73–77.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kobayashi, Takanobu, Rie Komori, Kiyoshi Ishida, Katsuhito Kino, Sei-Ichi Tanuma, and Hiroshi Miyazawa (2014), “Tal2 Expression Is Induced by All-Trans Retinoic Acid in P19 Cells Prior to Acquisition of Neural Fate,” Scientific reports, 4, 4935.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Héno, Raphaële and Laure Chandelier (2014), 3D Modeling of Buildings, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Watanabe, Tsutomu, Iichiro Uesugi, and Arito Ono, Eds. (2015), The Economics of Interfirm Networks, 4, Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Gibson, Catherine (2016), “The Polish Livonian Legacy in Latgalia: The Confluence of Slavic Ethnolects in the Baltic-Slavic Borderland,” in The Palgrave Handbook of Slavic Languages, Identities and Borders, ed. Tomasz Kamusella, Motoki Nomachi, and Catherine Gibson, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 57–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Research.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin (2016), “This Awkward Feathered Dinosaur Was Almost Blown Up By Dynamite,” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1968), Review Of Reliability Of The Air Force Personnel Data System, B-164471, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beaven, Lindsey (2014), “Epiphanies of Soul: ‘When the Bolts of the Universe Fly Open.’ A Depth Psychological Contemplation of Wonder,” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia (2002), “BackTalk; Uncertainty and Stress Cross the Finish Line,” New York Times, September 29, 811.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Reilly 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jung and Stephanopoulos 2004; O’Reilly 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jung and Stephanopoulos 2004)
  • Three authors: (Wu, Ooi and He 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kobayashi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Research
AbbreviationJ. Consum. Res.
ISSN (print)0093-5301
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles