How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jokipii, J. R. (2007), “Planetary Science. A Local Wiggle in the Turbulent Interstellar Magnetic Field,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5826), 839–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schumacher, Maria A. and Barbara E. Funnell (2005), “Structures of ParB Bound to DNA Reveal Mechanism of Partition Complex Formation,” Nature, 438(7067), 516–19.
A journal article with 3 authors
Velarde, Enriqueta, Exequiel Ezcurra, and Daniel W. Anderson (2013), “Seabird Diets Provide Early Warning of Sardine Fishery Declines in the Gulf of California,” Scientific reports, 3, 1332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yanagi, Itaru, Rena Akahori, Toshiyuki Hatano, and Ken-Ichi Takeda (2014), “Fabricating Nanopores with Diameters of Sub-1 Nm to 3 Nm Using Multilevel Pulse-Voltage Injection,” Scientific reports, 4, 5000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gabler, Jay (2010), Sociology for Dummies®, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Malczewski, Jacek (2015), Multicriteria Decision Analysis in Geographic Information Science, ed. Claus Rinner, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Moura Neto, Francisco Duarte and Antônio José da Silva Neto (2013), “Spectral Analysis of an Inverse Problem,” in An Introduction to Inverse Problems with Applications, ed. Antônio José da Silva Neto, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 53–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2014), “‘World’s Biggest Dinosaur’ Discovered,” IFLScience,“world’s-biggest-dinosaur”-discovered/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988), Space Shuttle: The Future of the Vandenberg Launch Site Needs to Be Determined, NSIAD-88-158, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castiglione, Abigail (2010), “Counterproductive Work Behaviors: The Role of Employee Support Policies, Envy, and Narcissism,” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James (2017), “Mets Cap Busy Day of Moves by Acquiring a Closer,” New York Times, July 29, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jokipii 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Jokipii 2007; Schumacher and Funnell 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schumacher and Funnell 2005)
  • Three authors: (Velarde, Ezcurra, and Anderson 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yanagi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Research
AbbreviationJ. Consum. Res.
ISSN (print)0093-5301
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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