How to format your references using the Journal of Consumer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Consumer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kanthor, Rebecca (2014), “Diagnostics: Detection Drives Defence,” Nature, 509(7498), S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaramillo, Fernando and Georgia Destouni (2015), “SUSTAINABILITY. Comment on ‘Planetary Boundaries: Guiding Human Development on a Changing Planet,’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1217.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDonald, J. J., W. A. Teder-Sälejärvi, and L. M. Ward (2001), “Multisensory Integration and Crossmodal Attention Effects in the Human Brain,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5523), 1791.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Caramazza, A., D. Chialant, R. Capasso, and G. Miceli (2000), “Separable Processing of Consonants and Vowels,” Nature, 403(6768), 428–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welsh, A. H. (1996), Aspects of Statistical Inference: Welsh/Aspects, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jacob, Robert J. K., Quentin Limbourg, and Jean Vanderdonckt, Eds. (2005), Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces IV: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces CADUI’2004 Sponsored by ACM and Jointly Organised with the Eight ACM International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces IUI’2004 13–16 January 2004, Funchal, Isle of Madeira, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Handman, Emanuela, Lukasz Kedzierski, Alessandro D. Uboldi, and James W. Goding (2008), “Fishing for Anti-Leishmania Drugs: Principles and Problems,” in Drug Targets in Kinetoplastid Parasites, ed. Hemanta K. Majumder, New York, NY: Springer, 48–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Consumer Research.

Blog post
Hale, Tom (2016), “Kissing Your Dog Isn’t Just Gross, It Can Potentially Make You Very Sick,” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011), Rail Transit: FTA Programs Are Helping Address Transit Agencies’ Safety Challenges, but Improved Performance Goals and Measures Could Better Focus Efforts, GAO-11-199, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergemann, Eric (2009), “Exploring Psychotherapist Empathic Attunement from a Psychoneurobiological Perspective: Is Empathy Enhanced by Yoga and Meditation?,” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia (2000), “Romance Does Not Stop Even After the Race Begins,” New York Times, November 4, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kanthor 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Jaramillo and Destouni 2015; Kanthor 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jaramillo and Destouni 2015)
  • Three authors: (McDonald, Teder-Sälejärvi and Ward 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Caramazza et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Consumer Research
AbbreviationJ. Consum. Res.
ISSN (print)0093-5301
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles