How to format your references using the European Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu PJ. Early precision compound machine from ancient China. Science 2004; 304: 1638.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan MI, Mitchell TM. Machine learning: Trends, perspectives, and prospects. Science 2015; 349: 255–260.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xie XS, Yu J, Yang WY. Living cells as test tubes. Science 2006; 312: 228–230.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bringa EM, Caro A, Wang Y et al. Ultrahigh strength in nanocrystalline materials under shock loading. Science 2005; 309: 1838–1841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blevins RD. Formulas for Dynamics, Acoustics and Vibration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Eichelsbacher P, Elsner G, Kösters H, Löwe M, Merkl F, Rolles S (eds.). Limit Theorems in Probability, Statistics and Number Theory: In Honor of Friedrich Götze. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kala S, Rouenhoff M, Theissmann R, Kruis FE. Synthesis and Film Formation of Monodisperse Nanoparticles and Nanoparticle Pairs. In: Lorke A, Winterer M, Schmechel R, Schulz C (eds). Nanoparticles from the Gasphase: Formation, Structure, Properties. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp 99–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Human Stem Cells Successfully Implanted In Pigs. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Job Training Partnership Act: An Analysis of Support Cost Limits and Participant Characteristics. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Regmi K. Computer Vision and Image Processing Toolbox for MATLAB. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Scandinavian Cool That Warmed New York. New York Times. 2011; : B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationEur. J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)1018-4813
ISSN (online)1476-5438

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