How to format your references using the JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association) (JAMA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ellsworth WL. Earthquake anniversary. Halfway through Reid’s cycle and counting. Science. 2006;312(5771):203-204.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Demaurex N, Distelhorst C. Cell biology. Apoptosis--the calcium connection. Science. 2003;300(5616):65-67.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Robinson GE, Fernald RD, Clayton DF. Genes and social behavior. Science. 2008;322(5903):896-900.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kim K-C, Reed CA, Elliott DW, et al. Crystallographic evidence for a free silylium ion. Science. 2002;297(5582):825-827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zhurin VV. Industrial Ion Sources. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Pelton J. Digital Defense: A Cybersecurity Primer. 1st ed. 2015. (Singh IB, ed.). Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kemmis S, McTaggart R, Nixon R. Doing Critical Participatory Action Research: The ‘Planner’ Part. In: McTaggart R, Nixon R, eds. The Action Research Planner: Doing Critical Participatory Action Research. Springer; 2014:85-114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association).

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Researchers discover how mosquitos locate hosts’ skin for feeding. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on NASA Agreement With Firm for Commercial Launch Services]. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Shabalin AA. Detection of low rank signals in noise and fast correlation mining with applications to large biological data. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hu W, Singer JE. To Immigrants Dollar Stores Are a Step Up. New York Times. September 13, 2017:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association)
AbbreviationJAMA
ISSN (print)0098-7484
ISSN (online)1538-3598
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles