How to format your references using the JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association) (JAMA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kinlen L. Obituary: Richard Doll (1912-2005). Nature. 2005;438(7064):41.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
DeKosky ST, Marek K. Looking backward to move forward: early detection of neurodegenerative disorders. Science. 2003;302(5646):830-834.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Brohawn SG, del Mármol J, MacKinnon R. Crystal structure of the human K2P TRAAK, a lipid- and mechano-sensitive K+ ion channel. Science. 2012;335(6067):436-441.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
He Y, Vogelstein B, Velculescu VE, Papadopoulos N, Kinzler KW. The antisense transcriptomes of human cells. Science. 2008;322(5909):1855-1857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bowers D, House A, Owens D. Getting Started in Health Research. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Eberhard P, Juhasz S, eds. IUTAM: A Short History. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Weng M. “Franco’s Children”: Childhood Memory as National Allegory. In: Millei Z, Imre R, eds. Childhood and Nation: Interdisciplinary Engagements. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016:53-71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association).

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Scientists Shed A Little Bit Of Light On Elusive True’s Beaked Whales. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-shed-a-little-bit-of-light-on-elusive-trues-beaked-whales/. Published March 8, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Update on State-Level Cramming Complaints and Enforcement Actions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Moyer AS. The A+ Schools Program and School Improvement. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Risen J. What Cold War Intrigue Can Tell Us About the Trump-Russia Inquiry. New York Times. March 29, 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association)
AbbreviationJAMA
ISSN (print)0098-7484
ISSN (online)1538-3598
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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