How to format your references using the JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association) (JAMA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gregory RL. Perceptions of knowledge. Nature. 2001;410(6824):21.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Park SH, Bendelac A. CD1-restricted T-cell responses and microbial infection. Nature. 2000;406(6797):788-792.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bragg AE, Cavanagh MC, Schwartz BJ. Linear response breakdown in solvation dynamics induced by atomic electron-transfer reactions. Science. 2008;321(5897):1817-1822.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wu Y, Cain-Hom C, Choy L, et al. Therapeutic antibody targeting of individual Notch receptors. Nature. 2010;464(7291):1052-1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hampel FR, Ronchetti EM, Rousseeuw PJ, Stahel WA. Robust Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Nof SY, ed. Springer Handbook of Automation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pasquinelli C. Network Brand and Branding: A Co-opetitive Approach to Local and Regional Development. In: Zenker S, Jacobsen BP, eds. Inter-Regional Place Branding: Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:39-49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association).

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Top 10 Space Science Stories From 2014. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/top-10-space-science-stories-2014/. Published January 1, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Kennedy Space Center: Decision on Photographic Requirements Appears Justified. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rajendran N. Assessment of upper extremity strength, power, and flexibility characteristics of college-aged male and female students. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. While Nashville Parties, the Predators Cut Loose. New York Times. June 4, 2017:SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJAMA (The Journal of the American Medical Association)
AbbreviationJAMA
ISSN (print)0098-7484
ISSN (online)1538-3598
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles