How to format your references using the Diatom Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Diatom Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landry C. R. 2011. Cell biology. A cellular roadmap for the plant kingdom. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333: 532–533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Y. & Dohlman H. G. 2004. Pheromone signaling mechanisms in yeast: a prototypical sex machine. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306: 1508–1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitaker R. J., Grogan D. W. & Taylor J. W. 2003. Geographic barriers isolate endemic populations of hyperthermophilic archaea. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 976–978.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oieroset M., Phan T. D., Fujimoto M., Lin R. P. & Lepping R. P. 2001. In situ detection of collisionless reconnection in the Earth’s magnetotail. Nature 412: 414–417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann R. B. & Lehmann H. D. 2015. Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Dediu A.-H., Martín-Vide C., Truthe B. & Vega-Rodríguez M. A. (eds) 2013. Theory and Practice of Natural Computing: Second International Conference, TPNC 2013, Cáceres, Spain, December 3-5, 2013, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Reid C., Collins J. & Singh M. 2014. The Capital Reconversion of Global Teachers in Australia. In: Global Teachers, Australian Perspectives: Goodbye Mr Chips, Hello Ms Banerjee (Ed. by J. Collins & M. Singh), pp. 85–103. Springer, Singapore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Diatom Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015, September 2. A Midday Nap Could Reduce Your Blood Pressure. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2011. Financial Literacy: A Federal Certification Process for Providers Would Pose Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho T. 2012. The influence of physical activity and unsafe neighborhoods on the development of gestational diabetes among women in California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. 2017, February 12. On Adele’s Big Night, She Lauds Beyoncé. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Landry 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Wang & Dohlman 2004, Landry 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Dohlman 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Oieroset et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleDiatom Research
AbbreviationDiatom Res.
ISSN (print)0269-249X
ISSN (online)2159-8347
ScopeAquatic Science

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