How to format your references using the Diatom Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Diatom Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward M. D. 2003. Materials science. Molecular fuel tanks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300: 1104–1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geddis A. E. & Kaushansky K. 2007. Immunology. The root of platelet production. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 1689–1691.
A journal article with 3 authors
DeLoache J. S., Uttal D. H. & Rosengren K. S. 2004. Scale errors offer evidence for a perception-action dissociation early in life. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304: 1027–1029.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vanroose W., Martín F., Rescigno T. N. & McCurdy C. W. 2005. Complete photo-induced breakup of the H2 molecule as a probe of molecular electron correlation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 310: 1787–1789.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewe P. J., O’Driscoll M. P. & Cooper C. L. 2010. Coping with Work Stress. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Sigalotti L. D. G., Klapp J. & Sira E. (eds) 2014. Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics with Applications to Physics, Engineering and the Environment. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mourão V. & Cantu R. 2014. Brazil. In: Public Procurement, Innovation and Policy: International Perspectives (Ed. by V. Lember, R. Kattel & T. Kalvet), pp. 65–92. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Diatom Research.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2017, January 10. Why Is It So Hard To Close The Racial Health Gap In The US? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1993. Job Corps Costs and Outcomes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Connell A. M. 2008. Customer retention and leadership in the nonprofit healthcare organization. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2017, August 3. In the Shadow of Buildings and Ozu. New York Times: C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ward 2003, Geddis & Kaushansky 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Geddis & Kaushansky 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Vanroose et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleDiatom Research
AbbreviationDiatom Res.
ISSN (print)0269-249X
ISSN (online)2159-8347
ScopeAquatic Science

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