How to format your references using the Journal of Geometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D.: Partners resolve their differences and unite at the second attempt. Nature. 405, 258 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Tumer, E.C., Brainard, M.S.: Performance variability enables adaptive plasticity of “crystallized” adult birdsong. Nature. 450, 1240–1244 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosin-Arbesfeld, R., Townsley, F., Bienz, M.: The APC tumour suppressor has a nuclear export function. Nature. 406, 1009–1012 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zheng, Q., Zhang, R., Xu, Y., White, R.A., 3rd, Wang, Y., Luo, T., Jiao, N.: A marine inducible prophage vB_CibM-P1 isolated from the aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium Citromicrobium bathyomarinum JL354. Sci. Rep. 4, 7118 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicu, L., Leïchlé, T.: Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical Biosensors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Thomas, D. ed: ECOOP 2006 – Object-Oriented Programming: 20th European Conference, Nantes, France, July 3-7, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Palmerino, C.R.: The Composition of Space, Time and Matter According to Isaac Newton and John Keill. In: Garber, D. (ed.) The Mechanization of Natural Philosophy. pp. 117–142. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geometry.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Slow Motion Video Reveals How Raindrops Fall on Sand Like Asteroids,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Technology Transfer: Reporting Requirements for Federally Sponsored Inventions Need Revision. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kratchman, J.: Predicting Chronic Non-Cancer Toxicity Levels from Short-Term Toxicity Data, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: In Moscow, A Museum Shows Off Its Stars, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geometry
AbbreviationJ. Geom.
ISSN (print)0047-2468
ISSN (online)1420-8997
ScopeGeometry and Topology

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