How to format your references using the Italian Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wadman M. A merger too far? Nature. 2007;446:15.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bochman ML, Schwacha A. DNA replication: Strand separation unravelled. Nature. 2015;524:166–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gadsby DC, Vergani P, Csanády L. The ABC protein turned chloride channel whose failure causes cystic fibrosis. Nature. 2006;440:477–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. O’Brien CM, Fox CJ, Planque B, Casey J. Climate variability and North Sea cod. Nature. 2000;404:142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pettit J. The Final Frontier. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Puzrin AM. Geomechanics of Failures. Alonso EE, Pinyol N, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Donnevert G, Uhlig S, Moser T. Ring Test Data Evaluation. In: Moser H, Römbke J, editors. Ecotoxicological Characterization of Waste: Results and Experiences of an International Ring Test. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. p. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Type 1 Diabetes Linked To Decreased Diversity In Microbiome [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/type-1-diabetes-linked-decreased-diversity-microbiome/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Central Artery/Tunnel Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jan. Report No.: RCED-96-65R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Robert LA. The impact of community-based mentoring on African American boys using an attribution-retraining curriculum [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Van Gelder SKC by L. Arts, Briefly; A New Yorker Clone Folds. New York Times. 2005 Jan 21;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationItal. J. Pediatr.
ISSN (online)1824-7288
Scope

Other styles