How to format your references using the Italian Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fitch T. Journal club. A cognitive biologist foresees breakthroughs in understanding vocal learning. Nature. 2010;466:163.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kimura S, Yoshioka K. Parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone type-1 receptor accelerate myocyte differentiation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5066.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tran J, Brenner TJ, DiNardo S. Somatic control over the germline stem cell lineage during Drosophila spermatogenesis. Nature. 2000;407:754–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu W, Su J, Jiang J, Li X, Ye Q, Zhou H, et al. Two mixed-NH3/amine platinum (II) anticancer complexes featuring a dichloroacetate moiety in the leaving group. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2464.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brook CGD, Dattani MT. Handbook of Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1. Barga R. Predictive Analytics with Microsoft Azure Machine Learning. Second Edition. Fontama V, Tok WH, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. McGinty S. From the Boardroom to the Corner Store: Globalization, Law and Economic Organization. In: Fenwick M, Wrbka S, editors. Flexibility in Modern Business Law: A Comparative Assessment. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016. p. 49–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Hands-Free “Bionic” Penis In Development [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/handsfree-bionic-penis-in-development-/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Maritime Law Exemption: Exemption Provides Limited Competitive Advantage, but Barriers to Further Entry under U.S. Flag Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Feb. Report No.: GAO-04-421.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Anderson CW. Breaking journalism down: Work, authority, and networking local news, 1997–2009 [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Belson K, Pilon M. After Tying in 100, Advancing in 200. New York Times. 2012 Jun 29;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationItal. J. Pediatr.
ISSN (online)1824-7288
Scope

Other styles