How to format your references using the Italian Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Italian Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Taylor WR. A deeply knotted protein structure and how it might fold. Nature. 2000;406:916–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wheeler MM, Robinson GE. Diet-dependent gene expression in honey bees: honey vs. sucrose or high fructose corn syrup. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5726.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Daubin V, Moran NA, Ochman H. Phylogenetics and the cohesion of bacterial genomes. Science. 2003;301:829–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Akkerman HB, Blom PWM, de Leeuw DM, de Boer B. Towards molecular electronics with large-area molecular junctions. Nature. 2006;441:69–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chapman BR, Bolen EG. Ecology of North America. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Jain R, Lee L, editors. Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Infrastructure Applications: Focusing on Innovation, Technology Implementation and Sustainability. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Greene AK. Myths Associated with Lymphedema. In: Greene AK, Slavin SA, Brorson H, editors. Lymphedema: Presentation, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 45–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Italian Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Vaccine Provides Broad Protection Against The Flu In Mice. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Supplier Base: Challenges Exist in Transitioning from the Space Shuttle Program to the Next Generation of Human Space Flight Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jul. Report No.: GAO-07-940.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. John SP. Drying without Dying: The Resurrection Fern Pleopeltis polypodioides [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Whipping Up a Brew That Is True to You. New York Times. 2012 Oct 21;NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleItalian Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationItal. J. Pediatr.
ISSN (online)1824-7288
Scope

Other styles