How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Quadir IZ. Education. Entrepreneurship training for the developing world. Science. 2012;335:1445–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. He W, Ren T. Basilar membrane vibration is not involved in the reverse propagation of otoacoustic emissions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1874.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stone JV, Hunkin NM, Hornby A. Predicting spontaneous recovery of memory. Nature. 2001;414:167–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Geng X, Sun K, Ji L, Zhao Y. A high-order statistical tensor based algorithm for anomaly detection in hyperspectral imagery. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Weinberg MA, Froum SJ. The Dentist’s Drug and Prescription Guide. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,; 2012.
An edited book
1. Gault D. Beginning Oracle Application Express 4. Cannell K, Cimolini P, D’Souza M, St. Hilaire T, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jyoti A, Tomar RS, Shanker R. Nanosensors for the Detection of Pathogenic Bacteria. In: Ranjan S, Dasgupta N, Lichtfouse E, editors. Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 129–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Discover Antimatter In Storms On Earth [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Apr. Report No.: RCED-93-121FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Day C. Medication-assisted treatment: Education for those who assist in the treatment of substance use disorders curriculum development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schmidt S. Family Grieves After Student Is Killed in College Town Thought to Be Safe. New York Times. 2016 Aug 30;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Pediatrics
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Pediatr.
ISSN (online)2198-6088

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