How to format your references using the ISA Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISA Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Delft J. MESOSCOPIC PHYSICS: Quantum Dots as Tunable Kondo Impurities. Science 2000;289:2064–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Buschman TJ, Miller EK. Top-down versus bottom-up control of attention in the prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices. Science 2007;315:1860–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Loeffler JM, Nelson D, Fischetti VA. Rapid killing of Streptococcus pneumoniae with a bacteriophage cell wall hydrolase. Science 2001;294:2170–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zwierlein MW, Schunck CH, Schirotzek A, Ketterle W. Direct observation of the superfluid phase transition in ultracold Fermi gases. Nature 2006;442:54–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lev B, Gu F. The End of Accounting and the Path Forward for Investors and Managers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Johnson DJ, Agbényiga DL, Hitchcock RK, editors. Vulnerable Children: Global Challenges in Education, Health, Well-Being, and Child Rights. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Noor TH, Sheng QZ, Bouguettaya A. Scalable Availability Model. In: Sheng QZ, Bouguettaya A, editors. Trust Management in Cloud Services, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 59–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISA Transactions.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. A Third Of Giant Stars Wander Through The Galaxy. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/third-giant-stars-wander-through-galaxy/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Key Issues in Ensuring the Efficient Development and Safe Operation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ferris RJ. Numerical investigations of flow past a partially rotating stepped cylinder. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Prochnik G. I’m Thinking. Please. Be Quiet. New York Times 2013:SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleISA Transactions
AbbreviationISA Trans.
ISSN (print)0019-0578
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Instrumentation

Other styles