How to format your references using the ISA Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISA Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Git A. Research tools: A recipe for disaster. Nature 2012;484:439–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Luo Z-X, Wible JR. A Late Jurassic digging mammal and early mammalian diversification. Science 2005;308:103–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Marshall CH, Pielke RA Sr, Steyaert LT. Wetlands: crop freezes and land-use change in Florida. Nature 2003;426:29–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhang H, Gilbert B, Huang F, Banfield JF. Water-driven structure transformation in nanoparticles at room temperature. Nature 2003;424:1025–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Burger M, Graeber B, Schindlmayr G. Managing Energy Risk. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Machado P, McDermott J, Carballal A, editors. Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design: Second International Conference, EvoMUSART 2013, Vienna, Austria, April 3-5, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 7834. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Badiqué E. Information and Communication Technologies in the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme. In: Levi A, Savaş E, Yenigün H, Balcısoy S, Saygın Y, editors. Computer and Information Sciences – ISCIS 2006: 21th International Symposium, Istanbul, Turkey, November 1-3, 2006. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 36–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISA Transactions.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Amazing Finding Of Dunes On Rosetta’s Comet. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/amazing-finding-of-dunes-on-rosettas-comet/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Rail Transit: Additional Federal Leadership Would Enhance FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Trinooson TE. CFD investigations of a round jet with coil insert in crossflow. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brady LS. A Cobbler Is No Longer Barefoot. New York Times 2015:ST13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleISA Transactions
AbbreviationISA Trans.
ISSN (print)0019-0578
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Instrumentation

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