How to format your references using the ISA Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISA Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Weissleder R. Molecular imaging in cancer. Science 2006;312:1168–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bhattachan A, D’Odorico P. Can land use intensification in the Mallee, Australia increase the supply of soluble iron to the Southern Ocean? Sci Rep 2014;4:6009.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
André P, Ward-Thompson D, Greaves J. Interferometric identification of a pre-brown dwarf. Science 2012;337:69–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Jaskelioff M, Muller FL, Paik J-H, Thomas E, Jiang S, Adams AC, et al. Telomerase reactivation reverses tissue degeneration in aged telomerase-deficient mice. Nature 2011;469:102–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Salleh S, Zomaya AY, Olariu S, Sanugi B. Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Öchsner A, Murch GE, editors. Heat Transfer in Multi-Phase Materials. vol. 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hines RS. The Role of Genomic and Applied Molecular Biology. In: Smith RP, editor. Primary Care in Obstetrics and Gynecology: A Handbook for Clinicians, New York, NY: Springer; 2007, p. 89–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISA Transactions.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Develop “Smart” Insulin That Automatically Activates When Needed. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. School Improvement Grants: Early Implementation Under Way, but Reforms Affected by Short Time Frames. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zamora L. Azura digital health: Scheduling application and prescription service for women’s health. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Schmidt MS, Apuzzo M, Haberman M. Mueller Is Said to Seek White House Interviews in Russia Inquiry. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleISA Transactions
AbbreviationISA Trans.
ISSN (print)0019-0578
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Instrumentation

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