How to format your references using the ISA Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISA Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Turning oil into science: Norway. Nature 2002;420:A13, A15.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cruz A, Green BG. Thermal stimulation of taste. Nature 2000;403:889–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duijn PAC, Kashirin V, Sloot PMA. The relative ineffectiveness of criminal network disruption. Sci Rep 2014;4:4238.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rieger RM, Ladurner P, Hobmayer B, Martindale MQ, Finnerty JR. A Clue to the Origin of the Bilateria? Science 2005;307:353c–5c.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharon M, Sharon M. Graphene. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Monekosso D, Remagnino P, Kuno Y, editors. Intelligent Environments: Methods, Algorithms and Applications. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Oliveira LB, Fernandes JR, Filanovsky IM, Verhoeven CJM, Silva MM. Quadrature Oscillator-Mixer. In: Fernandes JR, Filanovsky IM, Verhoeven CJM, Silva MM, editors. Analysis and Design of Quadrature Oscillators, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISA Transactions.

Blog post
Fang J. Unevolved Galaxy Hails from the Early Universe. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: Assistance from Education Could Help States Better Measure Progress of Students with Limited English Proficiency (Spanish Language Highlights). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Byrne SM. Metabolic and pathological role of retinyl esters: The role of lecithin:retinol acyl transferase, (LRAT). Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Even With Yanks Hurting, There’s Usually Pain to Spare for Mets. New York Times 2013:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleISA Transactions
AbbreviationISA Trans.
ISSN (print)0019-0578
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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