How to format your references using the Annals of Dyslexia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Dyslexia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lucey, P. G. (2009). Planetary science. A lunar waterworld. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5952), 531–532.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milad, M. R., & Quirk, G. J. (2002). Neurons in medial prefrontal cortex signal memory for fear extinction. Nature, 420(6911), 70–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas, P., Liu, M. C., & Matthews, B. C. (2004). Discovery of a large dust disk around the nearby star AU Microscopii. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1990–1992.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, J., Carmell, M. A., Rivas, F. V., Marsden, C. G., Thomson, J. M., Song, J.-J., et al. (2004). Argonaute2 is the catalytic engine of mammalian RNAi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1437–1441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shamsuddin, M. (2016). Physical Chemistry of Metallurgical Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lenzi, A., Migliaccio, S., & Donini, L. M. (Eds.). (2015). Multidisciplinary Approach to Obesity: From Assessment to Treatment. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Khoshnevisan, D., & Schilling, R. (2016). On the Markov Property. In R. Schilling, F. Utzet, & L. Quer-Sardanyons (Eds.), From Lévy-Type Processes to Parabolic SPDEs (pp. 27–33). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Dyslexia.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, February 9). Top Republicans Propose Carbon Tax Plan To Stop Climate Change. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Mobile Device Location Data: Additional Federal Actions Could Help Protect Consumer Privacy (No. GAO-12-903). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lazareva, O. (2010). Constructed wetland/filter basin system as a prospective pre-treatment option for aquifer storage and recovery and a potential remedy for elevated arsenic (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, February 1). Hall Quits ‘Today’ and NBC With Kelly Waiting Offstage. New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lucey 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lucey 2009; Milad and Quirk 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milad and Quirk 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Dyslexia
AbbreviationAnn. Dyslexia
ISSN (print)0736-9387
ISSN (online)1934-7243
Speech and Hearing

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