How to format your references using the Annals of Dyslexia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Dyslexia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, R. (2007). The hard cell. Nature, 447(7145), 748–749.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lechler, T., & Fuchs, E. (2005). Asymmetric cell divisions promote stratification and differentiation of mammalian skin. Nature, 437(7056), 275–280.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lam, F. H., Steger, D. J., & O’Shea, E. K. (2008). Chromatin decouples promoter threshold from dynamic range. Nature, 453(7192), 246–250.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, J., Lahiri, I., Wang, W., Wier, A., Cianfrocco, M. A., Chong, J., et al. (2017). Structural basis for the initiation of eukaryotic transcription-coupled DNA repair. Nature, 551(7682), 653–657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, M. C. (2005). LC/MS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brinkman, D. B., Holroyd, P. A., & Gardner, J. D. (Eds.). (2013). Morphology and Evolution of Turtles. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gill, S. S., Anjum, N. A., Ahmad, I., Thangavel, P., Sridevi, G., Pacheco, M., et al. (2012). Metal Hyperaccumulation and Tolerance in Alyssum, Arabidopsis and Thlaspi: An Overview. In N. A. Anjum, I. Ahmad, M. E. Pereira, A. C. Duarte, S. Umar, & N. A. Khan (Eds.), The Plant Family Brassicaceae: Contribution Towards Phytoremediation (pp. 99–137). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Dyslexia.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 23). An AI Was Trained To Create New Colors. It Was Wonderfully Terrible. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). FDA Import Automation: Serious Management and Systems Development Problems Persist (No. AIMD-95-188). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matheny, A. L. (2009). Home gardener preferences, perceptions, knowledge and behaviors associated with pest management strategies and information acquisition (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S. M., & Barron, J. (2017, July 4). Relief and Trepidation as Ride-Hailing Services Become Legal Across New York. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lechler and Fuchs 2005; Lewis 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lechler and Fuchs 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Dyslexia
AbbreviationAnn. Dyslexia
ISSN (print)0736-9387
ISSN (online)1934-7243
Speech and Hearing

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