How to format your references using the Annals of Dyslexia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Dyslexia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hubbell, J. A. (2003). Materials science. Enhancing drug function. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5619), 595–596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jensen, K., & Murray, F. (2005). Intellectual property. Enhanced: intellectual property landscape of the human genome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 239–240.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merkle, F. T., Mirzadeh, Z., & Alvarez-Buylla, A. (2007). Mosaic organization of neural stem cells in the adult brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5836), 381–384.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ilani, S., Martin, J., Teitelbaum, E., Smet, J. H., Mahalu, D., Umansky, V., & Yacoby, A. (2004). The microscopic nature of localization in the quantum Hall effect. Nature, 427(6972), 328–332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schaik, C. P. V. (2015). The Primate Origins of Human Nature. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Havelock, D., Kuwano, S., & Vorländer, M. (Eds.). (2008). Handbook of Signal Processing in Acoustics. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Corr, P., Revelle, W., Wilt, J., & Rosenthal, A. (2010). General Models of Individual Differences in Cognition: The Commentaries. In A. Gruszka, G. Matthews, & B. Szymura (Eds.), Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition: Attention, Memory, and Executive Control (pp. 63–70). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Dyslexia.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, May 29). Ford Has Made All Its Hybrid And Electric Car Patents Available To Competitors. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Airport Noise: FAA’s Enforcement of Noise Rules at National Airport (No. RCED-88-117). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, J. (2015). Screening for Allelopathic Potential and Self Facilitation in Japanese Hops (Humulus japonicus, Cannabaceae) (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, December 28). Clinton Set for a Vacation Of Sports and Lots of Talk. New York Times, p. D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hubbell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hubbell 2003; Jensen and Murray 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jensen and Murray 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ilani et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Dyslexia
AbbreviationAnn. Dyslexia
ISSN (print)0736-9387
ISSN (online)1934-7243
Speech and Hearing

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