How to format your references using the Annals of Dyslexia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Dyslexia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dehgan, A. (2012). Creating the new development ecosystem. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6087), 1397–1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deckert, R., & Dameris, M. (2008). Atmospheric science. From ocean to stratosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5898), 53–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Applegate, P. J., Lowell, T. V., & Alley, R. B. (2008). Comment on “Absence of cooling in New Zealand and the adjacent ocean during the Younger Dryas chronozone.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5877), 746; author reply 746.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yan, X.-Y., Han, X.-P., Wang, B.-H., & Zhou, T. (2013). Diversity of individual mobility patterns and emergence of aggregated scaling laws. Scientific reports, 3, 2678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radcliff, P. B. (2017). Modern Spain. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gergely, T. (2010). Cognitive Reasoning: A Formal Approach. (O. M. Anshakov, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Epstein, M. J. (2011). Correlates of Loudness. In M. Florentine, A. N. Popper, & R. R. Fay (Eds.), Loudness (pp. 89–107). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Dyslexia.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 24). Animals Know When They Are Being Treated Unfairly (And They Don’t Like It). IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Job Training Partnership Act, Title III Dislocated Worker Program (No. 128415). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres Garcia, A. C. (2015). The Impact of Health Insurance Coverage on the Use of Preventive Health Services and Healthy Behaviors: Evidence from Mexico’s Public Health Insurance Program “Seguro Popular” (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meyerowitz, R., & Kelly, S. (2007, May 13). Box Seats; THE BIRDS OF SUMMER. New York Times, p. 810.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dehgan 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Deckert and Dameris 2008; Dehgan 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deckert and Dameris 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Dyslexia
AbbreviationAnn. Dyslexia
ISSN (print)0736-9387
ISSN (online)1934-7243
Speech and Hearing

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