How to format your references using the Annals of Dyslexia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Dyslexia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zwier, T. S. (2012). Chemistry. Probing frozen molecular embraces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6069), 668–669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vakil, A., & Engheta, N. (2011). Transformation optics using graphene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6035), 1291–1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Groisman, A., Enzelberger, M., & Quake, S. R. (2003). Microfluidic memory and control devices. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5621), 955–958.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Srinivas, V., Lebrette, H., Lundin, D., Kutin, Y., Sahlin, M., Lerche, M., et al. (2018). Metal-free ribonucleotide reduction powered by a DOPA radical in Mycoplasma pathogens. Nature, 563(7731), 416–420.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff, N. P. (2014). Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schiele, B., Dey, A. K., Gellersen, H., Ruyter, B. de, Tscheligi, M., Wichert, R., et al. (Eds.). (2007). Ambient Intelligence: European Conference, AmI 2007, Darmstadt, Germany, November 7-10, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4794). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rudenstine, S., & Galea, S. (2012). Vulnerabilities and Capacities: Venezuela Floods and Mudslides – December 14–16, 1999. In S. Galea (Ed.), The Causes and Behavioral Consequences of Disasters: Models informed by the global experience 1950-2005 (pp. 29–38). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Dyslexia.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, June 5). Why Did Tutankhamun Have A Dagger Made From A Meteorite? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). What Assurance Does Office of Education’s Eligibility Process Provide? (No. HRD-78-120). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKelvey, D. M. (2008). Relationships between attitudes of school-based administrators and inclusion practices of students with autism/Asperger’s syndrome (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, March 23). High Society Soaked in Bathtub Gin. New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zwier 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Vakil and Engheta 2011; Zwier 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vakil and Engheta 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Srinivas et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Dyslexia
AbbreviationAnn. Dyslexia
ISSN (print)0736-9387
ISSN (online)1934-7243
Speech and Hearing

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