How to format your references using the Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ricklefs RE. Cladogenesis and morphological diversification in passerine birds. Nature. 2004 Jul 15;430(6997):338–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hol FJH, Dekker C. Zooming in to see the bigger picture: microfluidic and nanofabrication tools to study bacteria. Science. 2014 Oct 24;346(6208):1251821.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goddard MR, Godfray HCJ, Burt A. Sex increases the efficacy of natural selection in experimental yeast populations. Nature. 2005 Mar 31;434(7033):636–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Geijsen N, Uings IJ, Pals C, Armstrong J, McKinnon M, Raaijmakers JA, et al. Cytokine-specific transcriptional regulation through an IL-5Ralpha interacting protein. Science. 2001 Aug 10;293(5532):1136–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Epstein M. The Elements of Continuum Biomechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Hospenthal DR, Rinaldi MG, editors. Diagnosis and Treatment of Fungal Infections. 2nd ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XI, 299 p. 259 illus., 199 illus. in color. (Infectious Disease).
A chapter in an edited book
Auguste P, Vincent F, Gabbiani G, Desmoulière A. The fibroblast and myofibroblast in inflammatory angiogenesis. In: Seed MP, Walsh DA, editors. Angiogenesis in Inflammation: Mechanisms and Clinical Correlates. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2008. p. 59–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine.

Blog post
Hale T. Police Wanted To Track A Mountain Lion But Found This Madness Instead [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Procurements: Food and Drug Administration Circumvented Procurement Regulations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-87-48.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams RN. Inclusive Classrooms: A Basic Qualitative Study of K-8 Urban Charter School Teachers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. A Tabloid Murder Tale of Little Suspense. New York Times. 2017 Sep 25;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Journal of Psychological Medicine
AbbreviationIr. J. Psychol. Med.
ISSN (print)0790-9667
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

Other styles