How to format your references using the Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livio M. Lost in translation: Mystery of the missing text solved. Nature. 2011 Nov 9;479(7372):171–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lippman Z, Martienssen R. The role of RNA interference in heterochromatic silencing. Nature. 2004 Sep 16;431(7006):364–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paul JW, West JP, Gitler AD. Cell Biology. Clogging information flow in ALS. Science. 2014 Sep 5;345(6201):1118–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Louail T, Lenormand M, Cantu Ros OG, Picornell M, Herranz R, Frias-Martinez E, et al. From mobile phone data to the spatial structure of cities. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 13;4:5276.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Mahmoud MS, Larrieu N, Pirovano A. Risk Propagation Assessment for Network Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Bassi A, Bauer M, Fiedler M, Kramp T, Kranenburg R van, Lange S, et al., editors. Enabling Things to Talk: Designing IoT solutions with the IoT Architectural Reference Model. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. X, 349 p. 131 illus., 116 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Riedl R, Léger PM. Topics in NeuroIS and a Taxonomy of Neuroscience Theories in NeuroIS. In: Léger PM, editor. Fundamentals of NeuroIS: Information Systems and the Brain. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 73–98. (Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. A Baby’s Cry Transcends Species [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Program To Strengthen Developing Institutions of Higher Education Lacks Direction. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Feb. Report No.: HRD-78-170.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knehans A. As you like it: The road to design [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. Keeping Outsiders Outside. New York Times. 1998 Jun 28;149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Journal of Psychological Medicine
AbbreviationIr. J. Psychol. Med.
ISSN (print)0790-9667
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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