How to format your references using the Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon D. Farmer fined for growing GM seed. Nature. 2001 Apr 5;410(6829):615.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walck J, Dixon K. Time to future-proof plants in storage. Nature. 2009 Dec 10;462(7274):721.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacDonald MP, Spalding GC, Dholakia K. Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice. Nature. 2003 Nov 27;426(6965):421–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Verheyen E, Salzburger W, Snoeks J, Meyer A. Origin of the superflock of cichlid fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa. Science. 2003 Apr 11;300(5617):325–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Narang RK. Inside the Black Box. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Li WD, McMahon C, Ong SK, Nee AYC, editors. Collaborative Product Design and Manufacturing Methodologies and Applications. London: Springer; 2007. XIV, 308 p. (Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing).
A chapter in an edited book
Peter H. Magnetic Field Diagnostics and Spatio-Temporal Variability of the Solar Transition Region. In: Tomczyk S, Zhang J, Bastian T, editors. Coronal Magnetometry. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Studies Reveal Health Risks Of E-Cigarettes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Further Improvements Needed in NASA’s Modernization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Jan. Report No.: GAO-04-203.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker G. Off the track: The full-time nontenure -track faculty experience in English [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garner D. The Cold War Heats Up Again. New York Times. 2017 Aug 28;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Journal of Psychological Medicine
AbbreviationIr. J. Psychol. Med.
ISSN (print)0790-9667
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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