How to format your references using the Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mabberley DJ. Plant science. Exploring terra incognita. Science. 2009 Apr 24;324(5926):472.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scher HD, Martin EE. Timing and climatic consequences of the opening of Drake Passage. Science. 2006 Apr 21;312(5772):428–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu S-M, Chen W, Wang J. Distinguishing between cancer cell differentiation and resistance induced by all-trans retinoic acid using transcriptional profiles and functional pathway analysis. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 4;4:5577.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xu X, Clark JM, Forster CA, Norell MA, Erickson GM, Eberth DA, et al. A basal tyrannosauroid dinosaur from the Late Jurassic of China. Nature. 2006 Feb 9;439(7077):715–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sahinoglu M. Cyber-Risk Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Moore T, Shenoi S, editors. Critical Infrastructure Protection IV: Fourth Annual IFIP WG 11.10 International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, ICCIP 2010, Washington, DC, USA, March 15-17, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XVIII, 260 p. (IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; vol. 342).
A chapter in an edited book
Shinar J, Glizer VY. New Approach to Improve the Accuracy in Delayed Information Pursuit-Evasion Games. In: Haurie A, Muto S, Petrosjan LA, Raghavan TES, editors. Advances in Dynamic Games: Applications to Economics, Management Science, Engineering, and Environmental Management. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2006. p. 65–103. (Annals of the International Society of Dynamic Games).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. Gut Microbes Control Parkinson’s Disease In Mice. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Materials Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Dec. Report No.: 094633.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best ML. Assistant Principals and Reform: A Socialization Paradox? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Armstrong Aide Talks of Doping And Price Paid. New York Times. 2012 Oct 13;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Journal of Psychological Medicine
AbbreviationIr. J. Psychol. Med.
ISSN (print)0790-9667
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

Other styles