How to format your references using the International Journal of Educational Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Educational Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eliezer, D., 2012. Biochemistry. Visualizing amyloid assembly. Science 336, 308–309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hamanaka, R.B., Chandel, N.S., 2011. Cell biology. Warburg effect and redox balance. Science 334, 1219–1220.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sibanda, B.L., Chirgadze, D.Y., Blundell, T.L., 2010. Crystal structure of DNA-PKcs reveals a large open-ring cradle comprised of HEAT repeats. Nature 463, 118–121.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Henrich, J., Ensminger, J., McElreath, R., Barr, A., Barrett, C., Bolyanatz, A., Cardenas, J.C., Gurven, M., Gwako, E., Henrich, N., Lesorogol, C., Marlowe, F., Tracer, D., Ziker, J., 2010. Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment. Science 327, 1480–1484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fulton, B.S., 2014. Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chang, H.S., 2007. Simulation-based Algorithms for Markov Decision Processes, Communications and Control Engineering. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Urban, S., 2007. Rhomboid Intramembrane Serine Proteases, in: Hooper, N.M., Lendeckel, U. (Eds.), Intramembrane-Cleaving Proteases (I-CLiPs), Proteases in Biology and Disease. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 51–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Educational Development.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Monkeys Can Now Type The Works Of Shakespeare Using Just Their Brains [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. D.C. Emergency Highway Relief Act (No. RCED-96-196R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richard, K., 2017. College Programs in Women’s Prisons: Faculty Perceptions of Teaching Higher Education Behind Bars (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2015. Iceman Comes Out. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (MacNeil, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kupferschmidt, 2015; McCune, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hamanaka and Chandel, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Silverstein et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Educational Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Dev.
ISSN (print)0738-0593
Sociology and Political Science

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