How to format your references using the International Journal of Educational Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Educational Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weiss, U., 2011. Intestinal networks in health and disease. Nature 474, 297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goulder, L.H., Stavins, R.N., 2002. Discounting: an eye on the future. Nature 419, 673–674.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg, M.R., Rubin, R.A., Natowicz, M.R., 2013. Patterning of regional gene expression in autism: new complexity. Sci. Rep. 3, 1831.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Niswender, K.D., Morton, G.J., Stearns, W.H., Rhodes, C.J., Myers, M.G., Jr, Schwartz, M.W., 2001. Intracellular signalling. Key enzyme in leptin-induced anorexia. Nature 413, 794–795.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Chevalier, F., Lesselier, D., Staraj, R., 2011. Non-standard Antennas. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Masulli, F., Pasi, G., Yager, R. (Eds.), 2013. Fuzzy Logic and Applications: 10th International Workshop, WILF 2013, Genoa, Italy, November 19-22, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kappler, M., Sachs, A., Seymen, A., 2013. Shock Propagation Mechanisms and Business Cycle Convergence, in: Kappler, M., Sachs, A. (Eds.), Business Cycle Synchronisation and Economic Integration: New Evidence from the EU, ZEW Economic Studies. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp. 147–170.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Educational Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Analysis Suggests Earth’s Magnetic Field Is Destabilizing [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. INS Investment Strategy (No. AIMD-96-26R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S.-C., 2008. Defiant institutionalization: Democratization and social movements in South Korea, 1984–2002 (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. For $37.5 Million, the Piano Man’s Estate. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weiss, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Goulder and Stavins, 2002; Weiss, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goulder and Stavins, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Niswender et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Educational Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Dev.
ISSN (print)0738-0593
Sociology and Political Science

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