How to format your references using the International Journal of Educational Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Educational Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin, J., 2009. Social science. Friendship as a health factor. Science 323, 454–457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spalding, M.D., Brown, B.E., 2015. Warm-water coral reefs and climate change. Science 350, 769–771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stunnenberg, H.G., Vermeulen, M., Atlasi, Y., 2015. Developmental biology. A Me6Age for pluripotency. Science 347, 614–615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eggert, U.S., Ruiz, N., Falcone, B.V., Branstrom, A.A., Goldman, R.C., Silhavy, T.J., Kahne, D., 2001. Genetic basis for activity differences between vancomycin and glycolipid derivatives of vancomycin. Science 294, 361–364.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenbaum, J., Pearl, J., 2009. Investment Banking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lackey, S., Shumaker, R. (Eds.), 2016. Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality: 8th International Conference, VAMR 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, Canada, July 17-22, 2016. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
MacBride, F., 2007. On Finite Hume, in: Cook, R.T. (Ed.), The Arché Papers on the Mathematics of Abstraction, The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 85–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Educational Development.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Say Hello To The Earth’s Nearest Exoplanet Neighbour: Proxima Centauri B [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Accounting System for Research and Development, Army Natick Laboratories (No. 092853). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Restrepo, E., 2009. Eventalizing blackness in Colombia (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ervin, A., 2017. Tales of the Unhinged. New York Times BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Couzin, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Couzin, 2009; Spalding and Brown, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spalding and Brown, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Eggert et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Educational Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Dev.
ISSN (print)0738-0593
Sociology and Political Science

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