How to format your references using the International Journal of Educational Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Educational Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nordstrom, D.K., 2002. Public health. Worldwide occurrences of arsenic in ground water. Science 296, 2143–2145.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, J.W., Braver, T.S., 2005. Learned predictions of error likelihood in the anterior cingulate cortex. Science 307, 1118–1121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bustamante, C.D., Burchard, E.G., De la Vega, F.M., 2011. Genomics for the world. Nature 475, 163–165.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Berndt, T., Böge, O., Stratmann, F., Heintzenberg, J., Kulmala, M., 2005. Rapid formation of sulfuric acid particles at near-atmospheric conditions. Science 307, 698–700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt, G., 2001. Experimentalphysik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Paugh, P., Kress, T., Lake, R. (Eds.), 2014. Teaching towards Democracy with Postmodern and Popular Culture Texts, Imagination and Praxis, Criticality and Creativity in Education and Educational Research. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Ainbinder, D., Godin, B., Touitou, E., 2016. Ethosomes: Enhanced Delivery of Drugs to and Across the Skin, in: Dragicevic, N., Maibach, H.I. (Eds.), Percutaneous Penetration Enhancers Chemical Methods in Penetration Enhancement: Nanocarriers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Educational Development.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Captain Cook’s Maps Are Helping Us Understand Arctic Sea Ice Melt [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Health Information Technology: HHS Has Taken Important Steps to Address Privacy Principles and Challenges, Although More Work Remains (No. GAO-08-1138). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, E., 2012. California community college athletic directors lived experience and perceptions about financing issues with athletic programs (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Donadio, R., 2015. A Russian Art Leader’s Bold Goal: Engaging the West. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nordstrom, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Braver, 2005; Nordstrom, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Braver, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Berndt et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Educational Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Dev.
ISSN (print)0738-0593
Sociology and Political Science

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