How to format your references using the International Journal of Educational Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Educational Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmgren, A., 2008. Biochemistry. SNO removal. Science 320, 1019–1020.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simons, K., Mattaj, I.W., 2011. Retrospective. Lennart Philipson (1929-2011). Science 333, 711.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, J., Ji, C., Zhang, J.Z.H., 2013. Unveiling the gating mechanism of ECF transporter RibU. Sci. Rep. 3, 3566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sylantyev, S., Savtchenko, L.P., Niu, Y.-P., Ivanov, A.I., Jensen, T.P., Kullmann, D.M., Xiao, M.-Y., Rusakov, D.A., 2008. Electric fields due to synaptic currents sharpen excitatory transmission. Science 319, 1845–1849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tobias, J., Hochhauser, D., 2014. Cancer and its Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cammaerts, B., 2016. Youth Participation in Democratic Life: Stories of Hope and Disillusion. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Sullivan, E.J., Candy, J.V., 2007. SEQUENTIAL DETECTION ESTIMATION AND NOISE CANCELATION, in: Byrnes, J. (Ed.), Imaging for Detection and Identification, NATO Security through Science Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 97–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Educational Development.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Climate Change May Be Shifting The Path Of American Tornadoes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Online Access to Legislative Information (No. 115068). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, E., 2012. California community college athletic directors lived experience and perceptions about financing issues with athletic programs (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kwai, I., 2017. Oy, Mate, Amazon Plans To Hire Aussie Speakers. New York Times A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmgren, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Holmgren, 2008; Simons and Mattaj, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simons and Mattaj, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Sylantyev et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Educational Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Dev.
ISSN (print)0738-0593
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles