How to format your references using the International Journal of Educational Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Educational Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schllwa, M., 2000. Centrioles go for a stroll. Nature 405, 292.
A journal article with 2 authors
Žutić, I., Lee, J., 2012. Applied physics. Spin twists in a transistor. Science 337, 307–308.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fedorov, A.V., Brierley, C.M., Emanuel, K., 2010. Tropical cyclones and permanent El Niño in the early Pliocene epoch. Nature 463, 1066–1070.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suh, B.-C., Inoue, T., Meyer, T., Hille, B., 2006. Rapid chemically induced changes of PtdIns(4,5)P2 gate KCNQ ion channels. Science 314, 1454–1457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieser, K.H., 2007. Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Eijck, J. van, Verbrugge, R. (Eds.), 2012. Games, Actions and Social Software: Multidisciplinary Aspects, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ascher, W., Mirovitskaya, N., 2016. Pitfalls of Macroeconomic Decisions, in: Mirovitskaya, N. (Ed.), Development Strategies and Inter-Group Violence: Insights on Conflict-Sensitive Development. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 69–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Educational Development.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Bizarre Photo Appears To Show Snake EATING Its Way Out Of Another Snake [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. ADP Procurement: Army Accounting System Modernization (No. IMTEC-88-14BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kellogg, A., 2010. Hospital Lean and Six Sigma: Is there a financial benefit? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2004. World Briefing | Asia: Putin Indicates Kurile Deal Is Not Likely Soon. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schllwa, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schllwa, 2000; Žutić and Lee, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Žutić and Lee, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Suh et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Educational Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Dev.
ISSN (print)0738-0593
Sociology and Political Science

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