How to format your references using the Human Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zwier TS (2012) Chemistry. Probing frozen molecular embraces. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6069): 668–669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher HS and Hoekstra HE (2010) Competition drives cooperation among closely related sperm of deer mice. Nature 463(7282): 801–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Crespo-Hernández CE, Cohen B and Kohler B (2005) Base stacking controls excited-state dynamics in A.T DNA. Nature 436(7054): 1141–1144.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brady SM, Orlando DA, Lee J-Y, et al. (2007) A high-resolution root spatiotemporal map reveals dominant expression patterns. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318(5851): 801–806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evtukh A, Hartnagel H, Yilmazoglu O, et al. (2015) Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Das A and Chakrabarti BK (eds) (2005) Quantum Annealing and Other Optimization Methods. Lecture Notes in Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Taylor LD (2010) Stability of U.S. Consumption Expenditure Patterns: 1996–1999. In: Houthakker HS (ed.) Consumer Demand in the United States: Prices, Income, and Consumption Behavior. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 89–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Relations.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Researchers And Politicians Slam The War On Drugs As A Failure. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Electronic Government: Planned e-Authentication Gateway Faces Formidable Development Challenges. GAO-03-952, 12 September. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jakubowski JK (2013) Making character education a reality: An investigation of secondary teachers’ perspectives toward implementation. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hervieux L (2013) Brooklynite Hits France, With Plans To Seduce. New York Times, 14 February.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zwier, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fisher and Hoekstra, 2010; Zwier, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fisher and Hoekstra, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Brady et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Relations
AbbreviationHum. Relat.
ISSN (print)0018-7267
ISSN (online)1741-282X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Social Sciences

Other styles