How to format your references using the Human Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Golbeck J (2008) Computer science. Weaving a Web of trust. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5896): 1640–1641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marcus A and Oransky I (2011) Science publishing: The paper is not sacred. Nature 480(7378): 449–450.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shikano Y, Wada T and Horikawa J (2014) Discrete-time quantum walk with feed-forward quantum coin. Scientific reports 4: 4427.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mitchell JI, Zhou N, Nam W, et al. (2014) Sub-diffraction laser synthesis of silicon nanowires. Scientific reports 4: 3908.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell CA (2008) The One-Page Project Manager for It Projects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dua S, Gangopadhyay A, Thulasiraman P, et al. (eds) (2012) Information Systems, Technology and Management: 6th International Conference, ICISTM 2012, Grenoble, France, March 28-30, 2012. Proceedings. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke A (2007) Designing for Outside the Box. In: Boulton M, Clarke A, Collison S, et al. (eds) Web Standards Creativity: Innovations in Web Design with XHTML, CSS, and DOM Scripting. Berkeley, CA: Apress, pp. 78–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Relations.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Plague Victim Skeletons Reveal Secrets Of The Black Death. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Aviation Acquisition: Further Changes Needed in FAA’s Management and Budgeting Practices. RCED-91-159, 29 July. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldner VR (2010) Arizona nurses’ attitudes toward legislated minimum staffing ratios: Impact on the workplace. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain JR (2017) A Turning Point For Plug-In Hybrids. New York Times, 4 May.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Golbeck, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Golbeck, 2008; Marcus and Oransky, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marcus and Oransky, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Mitchell et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Relations
AbbreviationHum. Relat.
ISSN (print)0018-7267
ISSN (online)1741-282X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Social Sciences

Other styles