How to format your references using the Human Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kojevnikov A (2007) Russian science: the little ball made science bigger. Nature 449(7162): 542.
A journal article with 2 authors
Victor DG and Leape JP (2015) Global climate agreement: After the talks. Nature 527(7579): 439–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dodds PS, Muhamad R and Watts DJ (2003) An experimental study of search in global social networks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5634): 827–829.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sutton MD, Briggs DE, Siveter DJ, et al. (2001) An exceptionally preserved vermiform mollusc from the Silurian of England. Nature 410(6827): 461–463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg U and Cooper CL (2010) The Science of Occupational Health. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Rittger H (ed.) (2015) Interventional Cardiology in the Elderly. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mantel H and Sudbrock H (2009) Information-Theoretic Modeling and Analysis of Interrupt-Related Covert Channels. In: Degano P, Guttman J, and Martinelli F (eds) Formal Aspects in Security and Trust: 5th International Workshop, FAST 2008 Malaga, Spain, October 9-10, 2008 Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Relations.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Ebola Outbreak: Where We Are Now And What Happens Next. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Assessing the Federal Program for Strengthening Developing Institutions of Higher Education. MWD-76-1, 31 October. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander BC (2009) A descriptive study of intercollegiate athletics in Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum WK and Kaplan T (2015) U.S. Says Assembly Speaker Took Millions in Payoffs, Abusing Office. New York Times, 22 January.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kojevnikov, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kojevnikov, 2007; Victor and Leape, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Victor and Leape, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sutton et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Relations
AbbreviationHum. Relat.
ISSN (print)0018-7267
ISSN (online)1741-282X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Social Sciences

Other styles