How to format your references using the Human Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rogers CS (2000) Confounding factors in coral reef recovery. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289(5478): 391b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chiappe LM and Bertelli S (2006) Palaeontology: skull morphology of giant terror birds. Nature 443(7114): 929.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bao H, Lyons JR and Zhou C (2008) Triple oxygen isotope evidence for elevated CO2 levels after a Neoproterozoic glaciation. Nature 453(7194): 504–506.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Astakhov SA, Burbanks AD, Wiggins S, et al. (2003) Chaos-assisted capture of irregular moons. Nature 423(6937): 264–267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalena JN and Cleary DA (2005) Principles of Inorganic Materials Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Duval B, van den Herik J, Loiseau S, et al. (eds) (2015) Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ICAART 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, January 10-12, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Odifreddi P (2013) 1994. In: Betti R, Guerraggio A, and Termini S (eds) Storie e Protagonisti Della Matematica Italiana: Per Raccontare 20 Anni Di «Lettera Matematica Pristem». I blu. Milano: Springer, pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Relations.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) The latest report from the IPCC: scientists are 95% certain that humans are the ‘dominant cause’ of global warming since the 1950s. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Status of the Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Project. PSAD-77-103, 20 May. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Starner RN (2013) Expanding the Scope of Silyl Protecting Groups for Sialylation Reactions. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Young Stars Climb Rankings, Jolting Russia’s Dormant Men’s Game to Life. New York Times, 17 January.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rogers, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Chiappe and Bertelli, 2006; Rogers, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chiappe and Bertelli, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Astakhov et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Relations
AbbreviationHum. Relat.
ISSN (print)0018-7267
ISSN (online)1741-282X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Social Sciences

Other styles