How to format your references using the Human Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cantley LC (2001) Transcription. Translocating tubby. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292(5524): 2019–2021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feany MB and Bender WW (2000) A Drosophila model of Parkinson’s disease. Nature 404(6776): 394–398.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jing J, Bishop CA and Wu L-A (2014) Nonperturbative dynamical decoupling with random control. Scientific reports 4: 6229.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schumacher MA, Glover TC, Brzoska AJ, et al. (2007) Segrosome structure revealed by a complex of ParR with centromere DNA. Nature 450(7173): 1268–1271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gallant BJ (2006) Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mudry J, Zwahlen F, Bertrand C, et al. (eds) (2014) H2Karst Research in Limestone Hydrogeology. Environmental Earth Sciences. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chowdary CR and Sreenivasa Kumar P (2008) Sentence Ordering for Coherent Multi-document Summary Generation. In: Gray A, Jeffery K, and Shao J (eds) Sharing Data, Information and Knowledge: 25th British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD 25, Cardiff, UK, July 7-10, 2008. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 40–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Relations.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Early Scorpions May Have Transitioned To Land Earlier Than Thought. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Compensation for Service as Teacher With the Overseas Dependents Schools. B-186970, 12 October. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carrier TH (2017) Using Grunig’s Situational Theory for Analysis of Frames in Human Trafficking Awareness Organizations’ YouTube Videos. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic B (2015) Despite Recalls, G.M. Pays Workers Big Bonus. New York Times, 4 February.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cantley, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cantley, 2001; Feany and Bender, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feany and Bender, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Schumacher et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Relations
AbbreviationHum. Relat.
ISSN (print)0018-7267
ISSN (online)1741-282X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Social Sciences

Other styles