How to format your references using the Human Relations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Relations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pandolfi JM (2015) Ecology: Deep and complex ways to survive bleaching. Nature 518(7537): 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anastasiadou E and Slack FJ (2014) Cancer. Malicious exosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346(6216): 1459–1460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Piana S, Reyhani M and Gale JD (2005) Simulating micrometre-scale crystal growth from solution. Nature 438(7064): 70–73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cantó C, Gerhart-Hines Z, Feige JN, et al. (2009) AMPK regulates energy expenditure by modulating NAD+ metabolism and SIRT1 activity. Nature 458(7241): 1056–1060.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moll W and Moll A (2011) Schallschutz Im Wohnungsbau. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Wiggan G (ed.) (2016) Dreaming of a Place Called Home: Local and International Perspectives on Teacher Education and School Diversity. Comparative and International Education, A Diversity of Voices. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Cohen AN (2006) Chapter III Species Introductions and the Panama Canal. In: Gollasch S, Galil BS, and Cohen AN (eds) Bridging Divides: Maritime Canals as Invasion Corridors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 127–206.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Relations.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Is Climate Change To Blame For Outbreaks Of Mosquito-Borne Disease? IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Office of Education’s Efforts To Recover Overpayments from Denver Indian Center. B-164031(1).68, 14 November. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roche WA (2006) The Structure and Grounding of Epistemic Justification. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2006) The Best of Brazil. New York Times, 9 September.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pandolfi, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Anastasiadou and Slack, 2014; Pandolfi, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anastasiadou and Slack, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Cantó et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Relations
AbbreviationHum. Relat.
ISSN (print)0018-7267
ISSN (online)1741-282X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Social Sciences

Other styles