How to format your references using the IRBM citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IRBM. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Holmes EC. Virology. Helping the resistance. Science 2010;328:1243–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Marone F, Romanowicz B. The depth distribution of azimuthal anisotropy in the continental upper mantle. Nature 2007;447:198–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Park CY, Shcheglovitov A, Dolmetsch R. The CRAC channel activator STIM1 binds and inhibits L-type voltage-gated calcium channels. Science 2010;330:101–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Niwa H, Ogawa K, Shimosato D, Adachi K. A parallel circuit of LIF signalling pathways maintains pluripotency of mouse ES cells. Nature 2009;460:118–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Godula-Jopek A, Jehle W, Wellnitz J. Hydrogen Storage Technologies. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
O’Connor RV, Rout T, McCaffery F, Dorling A, editors. Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 11th International Conference, SPICE 2011, Dublin, Ireland, May 30 – June 1, 2011. Proceedings. vol. 155. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Babenyshev S, Rybakov V. Describing Evolutions of Multi-Agent Systems. In: Velásquez JD, Ríos SA, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 13th International Conference, KES 2009, Santiago, Chile, September 28-30, 2009, Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 38–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IRBM.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. This Is Why Your Nose Looks Like It Does. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Government Paperwork Elimination Act Presents Challenges for Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Castro R. Faculty unions and their effects on university shared governance. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Clarke J. Resilient Golf Turf Faces Test at Olympics. New York Times 2016:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIRBM
AbbreviationIRBM
ISSN (print)1959-0318
ScopeBiophysics
Biomedical Engineering

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