How to format your references using the Frontiers in Addictive Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellis, G. F. R. (2005). Physics, complexity and causality. Nature 435, 743.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cuffey, K. M., and Vimeux, F. (2001). Covariation of carbon dioxide and temperature from the Vostok ice core after deuterium-excess correction. Nature 412, 523–527.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gray-Schopfer, V., Wellbrock, C., and Marais, R. (2007). Melanoma biology and new targeted therapy. Nature 445, 851–857.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cheutin, T., McNairn, A. J., Jenuwein, T., Gilbert, D. M., Singh, P. B., and Misteli, T. (2003). Maintenance of stable heterochromatin domains by dynamic HP1 binding. Science 299, 721–725.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen, J. (2017). Chemiereaktoren. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Balandin, S., Moltchanov, D., and Koucheryavy, Y. eds. (2009). Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: 9th International Conference, NEW2AN 2009 and Second Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2009, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 15-18, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bearden, C. E., Winkler, A., Karlsgodt, K. H., and Bilder, R. (2016). “Cognitive Phenotypes and Endophenotypes: Concepts and Criteria,” in Neurophenotypes: Advancing Psychiatry and Neuropsychology in the “OMICS” Era Innovations in Cognitive Neuroscience., eds. V. Jagaroo and S. L. Santangelo (Boston, MA: Springer US), 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Prominent Astronomy Professor Accused Of Repeatedly Sexually Harassing Students. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Telecommunications: Process by Which Mergers of Local Telephone Companies Are Reviewed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, L. V. (2017). Oxidation Effects on the Magnetic Properties of Iron Phthalocyanine Thin Films.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007). In Steps Big and Small, Supreme Court Moved Right. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ellis, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Cuffey and Vimeux, 2001; Ellis, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cuffey and Vimeux, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheutin et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Addictive Disorders
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles