How to format your references using the Frontiers in Addictive Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. (2014). Risk factors: riddle of the rays. Nature 515, S112-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koh, L. P., and Wilcove, D. S. (2007). Cashing in palm oil for conservation. Nature 448, 993–994.
A journal article with 3 authors
Junker, J. P., Ziegler, F., and Rief, M. (2009). Ligand-dependent equilibrium fluctuations of single calmodulin molecules. Science 323, 633–637.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jain, R., Kabir, K., Gilroy, J. B., Mitchell, K. A. R., Wong, K.-C., and Hicks, R. G. (2007). High-temperature metal-organic magnets. Nature 445, 291–294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pozen, R., Hamacher, T., and Phillips, D. (2011). The Fund Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vittersø, J. ed. (2016). Handbook of Eudaimonic Well-Being. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Raïevsky, C., Mercier, A., Genthial, D., and Occello, M. (2014). “Doubt Removal for Dependant People from Tablet Computer Usage Monitoring,” in Highlights of Practical Applications of Heterogeneous Multi-Agent Systems. The PAAMS Collection: PAAMS 2014 International Workshops, Salamanca, Spain, June 4-6, 2014. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. J. M. Corchado, J. Bajo, J. Kozlak, P. Pawlewski, J. M. Molina, B. Gaudou, et al. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 44–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). The Winners And Losers At This Year’s Global Wildlife Summit. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Department of Energy: Procedures Lacking to Protect Computerized Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Golf, F. (2012). Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Film Series. New York Times, C18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Koh and Wilcove, 2007; Willyard, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koh and Wilcove, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Jain et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Addictive Disorders
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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