How to format your references using the Frontiers in Addictive Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noller, H. F. (2005). RNA structure: reading the ribosome. Science 309, 1508–1514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shine, K. P., and Sturges, W. T. (2007). Atmospheric science. CO2 is not the only gas. Science 315, 1804–1805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grunwald, R., Elsaesser, T., and Bock, M. (2014). Spatio-temporal coherence mapping of few-cycle vortex pulses. Sci. Rep. 4, 7148.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brooks, B. A., Foster, J., Sandwell, D., Wolfe, C. J., Okubo, P., Poland, M., et al. (2008). Magmatically triggered slow slip at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii. Science 321, 1177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jufer, M. (2013). Electric Drives. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cabe Trundle, K., and Saçkes, M. eds. (2015). Research in Early Childhood Science Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Świtoński, A., Piórkowski, B., Josiński, H., Wojciechowski, K., and Drabik, A. (2015). “Recognition of Human Gestures Represented by Depth Camera Motion Sequences,” in New Trends in Intelligent Information and Database Systems Studies in Computational Intelligence., eds. D. Barbucha, N. T. Nguyen, and J. Batubara (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). India Bans Multi-Use Vials Of Vulture-Killing Drug. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Abstinence Education: Assessing the Accuracy and Effectiveness of Federally Funded Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ouellette, R. L. (2008). Referral development results of relationship tie- strength for small business goal -directed networking groups.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012). Symbols for Satire. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noller, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Noller, 2005; Shine and Sturges, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shine and Sturges, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Brooks et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Addictive Disorders
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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