How to format your references using the Frontiers in Addictive Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson, A. P. (2005). Virology. What links bats to emerging infectious diseases? Science 310, 628–629.
A journal article with 2 authors
Niu, F., and Wen, L. (2001). Hemispherical variations in seismic velocity at the top of the Earth’s inner core. Nature 410, 1081–1084.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sellman, B. R., Mourez, M., and Collier, R. J. (2001). Dominant-negative mutants of a toxin subunit: an approach to therapy of anthrax. Science 292, 695–697.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, Z., Chong, Y., Joannopoulos, J. D., and Soljacić, M. (2009). Observation of unidirectional backscattering-immune topological electromagnetic states. Nature 461, 772–775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2008). Inherently Safer Chemical Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Welch, A. ed. (2005). The Professoriate: Profile of a Profession. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wadkar, S., and Siddalingaiah, M. (2014). “Basics of MapReduce Development,” in Pro Apache Hadoop, ed. M. Siddalingaiah (Berkeley, CA: Apress), 73–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Sex Differences In Chimp Tool Use Switch Later In Life. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Federal Family Education Loan Information System: Weak Computer Controls Increase Risk of Unauthorized Access to Sensitive Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrade, N. A. (2008). Environmental fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in agricultural soils which have received biosolids application.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feuer, A. (2015). A Campaign to Preserve the Ordinary. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dobson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dobson, 2005; Niu and Wen, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Niu and Wen, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Addictive Disorders
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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