How to format your references using the Frontiers in Addictive Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bigot, B. (2015). Nuclear physics: pull together for fusion. Nature 522, 149–151.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedersen, V. K., and Egholm, D. L. (2013). Glaciations in response to climate variations preconditioned by evolving topography. Nature 493, 206–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, R. R., Deletic, A., and Wong, T. H. F. (2015). Interdisciplinarity: How to catalyse collaboration. Nature 525, 315–317.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fotin, A., Cheng, Y., Sliz, P., Grigorieff, N., Harrison, S. C., Kirchhausen, T., et al. (2004). Molecular model for a complete clathrin lattice from electron cryomicroscopy. Nature 432, 573–579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zink, M. (2005). Scalable Video on Demand. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Giddings, L.-A. (2015). Bioactive Compounds from Extremophiles: Genomic Studies, Biosynthetic Gene Clusters, and New Dereplication Methods. , ed. D. J. Newman Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Score, M. (2016). “‘Child Slavery in England’: The News of the World and Campaigning for Children (1843–78),” in The News of the World and the British Press, 1843–2011: Journalism for the Rich, Journalism for the Poor, eds. L. Brake, C. Kaul, and M. W. Turner (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Addictive Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). First Colour Images Of Ceres Revealed As Dawn Approaches. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). NASA Facilities: Challenges to Achieving Reductions and Efficiencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClain, R. (2009). The role of spirituality/religiosity in the lives of people who are hearing impaired.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017). Tight Tony Battles and Sure Bets. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bigot, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pedersen and Egholm, 2013; Bigot, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pedersen and Egholm, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Fotin et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Addictive Disorders
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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