How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences (IJBMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kerr RA. OIL OUTLOOK:USGS Optimistic on World Oil Prospects. Science 2000; 289:237.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Martin CR and Baker LA. Materials science. Expanding the molecular electronics toolbox. Science 2005; 309:67–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Templeton CN, Greene E, and Davis K. Allometry of alarm calls: black-capped chickadees encode information about predator size. Science 2005; 308:1934–1937.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Spake JJ, Sing DK, Evans TM, Oklopčić A, Bourrier V, Kreidberg L, et al. Helium in the eroding atmosphere of an exoplanet. Nature 2018; 557:68–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rezg N, Hajej Z, and Boschian-Campaner V. Production and Maintenance Optimization Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Novick AC, Stephen Jones J, Gill IS, Klein EA, Rackley R, and Ross JH, editors. Operative Urology at the Cleveland Clinic. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Saidin NFB, Chong CK, Choon YW, Chai LE, Deris S, Illias RM, et al. Using Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) on Kinetic Modeling of the Acetoin Production in Lactococcus Lactis C7. In: Sidhu AS and Dhillon SK, editors. Advances in Biomedical Infrastructure 2013: Proceedings of International Symposium on Biomedical Data Infrastructure (BDI 2013). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013; 25–35. (Studies in Computational Intelligence).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1. Fang J. How a Killer Parasite Evolved from Pond Scum. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014; [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Opportunities to Improve Planning for Solar Energy Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Nov. Report No.: EMD-77-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Urshel CL. The Technical Adequacy of Standards-Derived Curriculum-Based Measures for Reading Comprehension and Math Computation in Middle School [Doctoral dissertation]. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. Everybody Into the Pool. New York Times. 2002; D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
ISSN (print)2008-3866
ISSN (online)2008-3874

Other styles