How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences (IJBMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Degen M. Science has flourished in eastern Germany since reunification, bringing researchers from far and near. But the tide of investment may be turning. Nature 2003; 423:204–205.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cirac JI and Zoller P. Physics. How to manipulate cold atoms. Science 2003; 301:176–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Guler U, Boltasseva A, and Shalaev VM. Applied physics. Refractory plasmonics. Science 2014; 344:263–264.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li R, Yi H, Hu X, Chen L, Shi G, Wang W, et al. Generation of diffraction-free optical beams using wrinkled membranes. Sci Rep 2013; 3:2775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fitschen K. Building Reliable Trading Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Fekete SP, editor. Algorithmic Aspects of Wireless Sensor Networks: Fourth International Workshop, ALGOSENSORS 2008, Reykjavik, Iceland, July 2008. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5389).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ratnadass A, Blanchart É, and Lecomte P. Ecological Interactions Within the Biodiversity of Cultivated Systems. In: Hainzelin É, editor. Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013; 141–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Pod Escapes From Facility In Town Infamous For Bloody Dolphin Slaughters. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017; [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Computer Simulations, War Gaming, and Contract Studies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Feb. Report No.: B-163074.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Howard R. Aging well adult day care center [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Time for Recalling the Departed And Reuniting the Long-Lost Related. New York Times. 2001; 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
ISSN (print)2008-3866
ISSN (online)2008-3874

Other styles