How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences (IJBMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hill M. Perspective: Be clear about the real risks. Nature 2015; 525:S14.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hibbs RE and Gouaux E. Principles of activation and permeation in an anion-selective Cys-loop receptor. Nature 2011; 474:54–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gray HM, Gray K, and Wegner DM. Dimensions of mind perception. Science 2007; 315:619.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang C-M, Chang S-W, Wu Y-JJ, Lin J-C, Ho H-H, Chou T-C, et al. Genetic variations in Toll-like receptors (TLRs 3/7/8) are associated with systemic lupus erythematosus in a Taiwanese population. Sci Rep 2014; 4:3792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Raju KSN. Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Connelly R, Ivić Weiss A, and Whiteley W, editors. Rigidity and Symmetry. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. (Fields Institute Communications; vol. 70).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Frellsen J, Mardia KV, Borg M, Ferkinghoff-Borg J, and Hamelryck T. Towards a General Probabilistic Model of Protein Structure: The Reference Ratio Method. In: Hamelryck T, Mardia K, and Ferkinghoff-Borg J, editors. Bayesian Methods in Structural Bioinformatics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012; 125–134. (Statistics for Biology and Health).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. What A Little-Known Brain Region Can Till Us About Depression. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016; [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Department of Energy: Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Implementation Is Under Way, but Enhanced Technical Oversight and Performance Measures Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Feb. Report No.: GAO-11-145.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Vallaster JR. Recognizing and Supporting the Forgotten Poverty Frontier: Exploring Suburban School Poverty in Elementary Schools [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University; 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hubbard B and Sanger DE. 3 Nations Meet for Syria Talks, Excluding U.S. New York Times. 2016; A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
ISSN (print)2008-3866
ISSN (online)2008-3874

Other styles