How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences (IJBMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McGill BJ. Ecology. A renaissance in the study of abundance. Science 2006; 314:770–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Johnston KP and Shah PS. Materials science. Making nanoscale materials with supercritical fluids. Science 2004; 303:482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yartsev MM, Witter MP, and Ulanovsky N. Grid cells without theta oscillations in the entorhinal cortex of bats. Nature 2011; 479:103–107.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pandit PS, Bunn DA, Pande SA, and Aly SS. Modeling highly pathogenic avian influenza transmission in wild birds and poultry in West Bengal, India. Sci Rep 2013; 3:2175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jamison DC. Perl Programming for Biologists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Gaine SP, Naeije R, and Peacock AJ, editors. The Right Heart. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cetinkaya B. Managing Outside Your Organisation. In: Cetinkaya B, Ewer G, Klaas-Wissing T, Piotrowicz W, and Tyssen C, editors. Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Practical Ideas for Moving Towards Best Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011; 117–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Study Suggests Fish Oil Supplements Don’t Prevent Mental Decline. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015; [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Gray Market Vehicle Program: Extension Warranted, but Improvements in Vehicle Identification Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jan. Report No.: RCED-94-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bogenreif C. Rachmaninoff’s Sonata For Cello and Piano: A Staple in the Cello and Piano Repertoire [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Fireman’s Spirit Is the Wind Beneath a Bird’s Wings. New York Times. 2001; 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
ISSN (print)2008-3866
ISSN (online)2008-3874

Other styles