How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bender E. Big data in biomedicine. Nature. 2015 Nov 5;527(7576):S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kanematsu Y, Takahashi K. Employing Japan’s postdocs. Nature. 2007 Jun 21;447(7147):1028.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoehler TM, Bebout BM, Des Marais DJ. The role of microbial mats in the production of reduced gases on the early Earth. Nature. 2001 Jul 19;412(6844):324–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nowack MK, Shirzadi R, Dissmeyer N, Dolf A, Endl E, Grini PE, et al. Bypassing genomic imprinting allows seed development. Nature. 2007 May 17;447(7142):312–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai Y. Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Rubin P, Constine LS, Marks LB, editors. ALERT - Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment: Volume 1: General Concepts and Specific Precepts. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XXIV, 311 p. 93 illus., 43 illus. in color. (Medical Radiology).
A chapter in an edited book
Khalilpour KR, Vassallo A. Sensitivity Analysis of Grid-Connected PV-Battery Systems. In: Vassallo A, editor. Community Energy Networks With Storage: Modeling Frameworks for Distributed Generation. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 83–97. (Green Energy and Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology.

Blog post
Fang J. NASA’s 10-Engine Aircraft Takes Off Like a Helicopter, Flies Like a Plane. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Implementation of Funding Flexibility Under ISTEA and Use of Transportation Control Measures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Oct. Report No.: T-RCED-94-50.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morissette TM. Elder friendliness and social participation of older adults living within age-segregated retirement communities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bruno J. Watching Coral Reefs Die. New York Times. 2017 Jul 6;SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
AbbreviationIran. J. Allergy Asthma Immunol.
ISSN (print)1735-1502
ISSN (online)1735-5249
ScopeImmunology and Allergy

Other styles