How to format your references using the IEICE Transactions on Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEICE Transactions on Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Maxmen, “The hard facts,” Nature, vol.485, no. 7400, pp.S50-1, May 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Tinel and J. Tschopp, “The PIDDosome, a protein complex implicated in activation of caspase-2 in response to genotoxic stress,” Science, vol.304, no. 5672, pp.843–846, May 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.-Z. Ge, Y. Sheng, and X. Cai, “Combined staurosporine and retinoic acid induces differentiation in retinoic acid resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia cell lines,” Sci. Rep., vol.4, p.4821, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Wang, D. He, S. Feng, C. Yu, L. Hu, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Yb/Er co-doped phosphate all-solid single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Sci. Rep., vol.4, p.6139, Aug. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Padilla, Substation Automation Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
L. Davidson, Pro SQL Server 2008 Relational Database Design and Implementation. Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
P. E. Clark and M. L. Rilee, “Ray Region: X-rays, Alpha Particles, Gamma-rays, Neutrons, UV,” in Remote Sensing Tools for Exploration: Observing and Interpreting the Electromagnetic Spectrum, M. L. Rilee, ed. Springer, New York, NY, 2010, pp.114–177.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEICE Transactions on Electronics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Lunar Crater Study Demonstrates Crowdsourcing is Effective,” IFLScience,, accessed Oct. 30. 2018. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Commercial Aviation: Consumers Could Benefit from Better Information about Airline-Imposed Fees and Refundability of Government-Imposed Taxes and Fees,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-10-785, Jul. 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. J. Alimo, “From dialogue to action: The development of White racial allies,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Lee, “Bring On The Wind And Water,” New York Times, p.D2, 15-Aug-2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEICE Transactions on Electronics
ISSN (print)0916-8524
ISSN (online)1745-1353
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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