How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Junge C 2011 Morbidity: A personal response Nature 480 S14-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson D L and King S D 2014 Geology. Driving the Earth machine? Science 346 1184–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Llopart A, Elwyn S and Coyne J A 2002 Pigmentation and mate choice in Drosophila Nature 419 360; discussion 360
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Knott S R V, Wagenblast E, Khan S, Kim S Y, Soto M, Wagner M, Turgeon M-O, Fish L, Erard N, Gable A L, Maceli A R, Dickopf S, Papachristou E K, D’Santos C S, Carey L A, Wilkinson J E, Harrell J C, Perou C M, Goodarzi H, Poulogiannis G and Hannon G J 2018 Asparagine bioavailability governs metastasis in a model of breast cancer Nature 554 378–81

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weller R B, Hunter H J A and Mann M W 2014 Clinical Dermatology (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Cheng C-M, Chung K-M, Persiano G and Yang B-Y 2016 Public-Key Cryptography – PKC 2016: 19th IACR International Conference on Practice and Theory in Public-Key Cryptography, Taipei, Taiwan, March 6-9, 2016, Proceedings, Part II vol 9615 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Pangracious V, Marrakchi Z and Mehrez H 2015 Two Dimensional FPGAs: Configuration and CAD Flow Three-Dimensional Design Methodologies for Tree-based FPGA Architecture Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering ed Z Marrakchi and H Mehrez (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 73–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 The Race Is Still On For A Reusable Rocket Despite The SpaceX Setback IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1984 [Federal Policies and Practices for Acquiring Information Technology Can Be Improved] (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaddy M 2008 An empirical assessment of the crosscutting concern problem Doctoral dissertation (New York, NY: Columbia University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M W 2016 Treasury Official Urges Congress to Act Quickly on Puerto Rico New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1755-1307
ISSN (online)1755-1315

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