How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saunders J 2009 Physics. A glassy state of supersolid helium Science 324 601–2
A journal article with 2 authors
Moritz C and Agudo R 2013 The future of species under climate change: resilience or decline? Science 341 504–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Savukov I M, Lee S-K and Romalis M V 2006 Optical detection of liquid-state NMR Nature 442 1021–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Han Y-G, Yin Z-Q, Li H-W, Chen W, Wang S, Guo G-C and Han Z-F 2014 Security of modified Ping-Pong protocol in noisy and lossy channel Sci. Rep. 4 4936

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garrison D R and Vaughan N D 2007 Blended Learning in Higher Education (San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass)
An edited book
Alberts G and Oldenziel R 2014 Hacking Europe: From Computer Cultures to Demoscenes (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Field W E and Tormoehlen R L 2006 Education and Training as Intervention Strategies Agricultural Medicine: A Practical Guide ed J E Lessenger (New York, NY: Springer) pp 42–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 500-Million-Year-Old Brains Hint at How Animal Heads Have Evolved IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999 Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mickey J 2017 Random Linear Network Coding with Added Prefix Bits Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B 2017 Songkick Sells Name and Concert-Recommending Service New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1755-1307
ISSN (online)1755-1315

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