How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pusey P N 2005 Physics. Freezing and melting: action at grain boundaries Science 309 1198–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiatpongsan S and Sipp D 2009 Medicine. Monitoring and regulating offshore stem cell clinics Science 323 1564–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurrell J W, Kushnir Y and Visbeck M 2001 Climate. The North Atlantic oscillation Science 291 603–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lu P J, Zaccarelli E, Ciulla F, Schofield A B, Sciortino F and Weitz D A 2008 Gelation of particles with short-range attraction Nature 453 499–503

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Imrie R and Street E 2011 Architectural Design and Regulation (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.)
An edited book
Kim J K, Thomas S and Saha P 2016 Multicomponent Polymeric Materials vol 223 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Unser A and Ziebertz H-G 2015 Human Rights and Religion in Germany Religion and Human Rights: An International Perspective ed H-G Ziebertz and G Črpić (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 61–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 NASA’s “RoboGloves” Could Double The Strength Of Your Hand IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2008 Information Technology: Agencies Need to Establish Comprehensive Policies to Address Changes to Projects’ Cost, Schedule, and Performance Goals (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bourgault R R 2008 Multi-scale pedologic investigation of manganiferous soils in the Maryland Piedmont Doctoral dissertation (College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B 2017 A ‘Hamlet’ Poised Between Two Worlds New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1755-1307
ISSN (online)1755-1315

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