How to format your references using the Colloid and Polymer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloid and Polymer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M (2007) Copycat consolidation. Nature 449:393
A journal article with 2 authors
Webster CR, Heymsfield AJ (2003) Water isotope ratios D/H, 18O/16O, 17O/16O in and out of clouds map dehydration pathways. Science 302:1742–1745
A journal article with 3 authors
Toope SJ, Tan CC, Fedoroff NV (2012) Science in Asia. Improving Asia-Pacific science collaboration. Science 336:38–39
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hinkov V, Pailhès S, Bourges P, et al (2004) Two-dimensional geometry of spin excitations in the high-transition-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O6+x. Nature 430:650–654

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ness L (2006) Securing Utility and Energy Infrastructures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kiechle H, Kreuzer A, Thomsen MJ (2005) Nearrings and Nearfields: Proceedings of the Conference on Nearrings and Nearfields, Hamburg, Germany July 27–August 3, 2003. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Chae SW, Lee KC, Hahn MH (2013) Exploring the Revelation Process for Individual Creativity Based on Exploitation and Exploration: A Physiological Experiment Approach. In: Lee KC (ed) Digital Creativity: Individuals, Groups, and Organizations. Springer, New York, NY, pp 61–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloid and Polymer Science.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Record High To Record Low: What On Earth Is Happening To Antarctica’s Sea Ice? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Core Competencies for Financial System Analysts in the Federal Government (Exposure Draft). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehlinger S (2012) Fault Lines. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Detainee Case Will Pose Delicate Question for Court. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloid and Polymer Science
AbbreviationColloid Polym. Sci.
ISSN (print)0303-402X
ISSN (online)1435-1536
ScopeColloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles