How to format your references using the Colloid and Polymer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloid and Polymer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jan E (2015) Molecular biology: signals across domains of life. Nature 519:40–41
A journal article with 2 authors
Bezanilla F, Perozo E (2002) Structural biology. Force and voltage sensors in one structure. Science 298:1562–1563
A journal article with 3 authors
Nguyen VQ, Co C, Li JJ (2001) Cyclin-dependent kinases prevent DNA re-replication through multiple mechanisms. Nature 411:1068–1073
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Caro G, Bourdon B, Birck J-L, Moorbath S (2003) 146Sm-142Nd evidence from Isua metamorphosed sediments for early differentiation of the Earth’s mantle. Nature 423:428–432

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paschedag AR (2004) CFD in der Verfahrenstechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Gavrilova ML, Tan CJK (2008) Transactions on Computational Science I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Wachenfeld S, Terlunen S, Jiang X (2010) Robust 1-D Barcode Recognition on Camera Phones and Mobile Product Information Display. In: Jiang X, Ma MY, Chen CW (eds) Mobile Multimedia Processing: Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloid and Polymer Science.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) Watch A Beating Stem Cell Heart. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Financial Management: Misstatements of NASA’s Statement of Budgetary Resources. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saguilig LG (2017) A Clinical Decision Support System for the Prevention of Genetic-Related Heart Disease. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloid and Polymer Science
AbbreviationColloid Polym. Sci.
ISSN (print)0303-402X
ISSN (online)1435-1536
ScopeColloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles