How to format your references using the Investigative Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Investigative Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lopez S. Astronomy. The universe measured with a comb. Science. 2008;321:1301–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Herlihy CR, Eckert CG. Genetic cost of reproductive assurance in a self-fertilizing plant. Nature. 2002;416:320–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Iborra FJ, Jackson DA, Cook PR. Coupled transcription and translation within nuclei of mammalian cells. Science. 2001;293:1139–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. van den Broeke M, Bamber J, Ettema J, Rignot E, Schrama E, van de Berg WJ, et al. Partitioning recent Greenland mass loss. Science. 2009;326:984–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cicek V. Cathodic Protection. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Katoen J-P, König B, editors. CONCUR 2011 – Concurrency Theory: 22nd International Conference, CONCUR 2011, Aachen, Germany, September 6-9, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shayler DJ, Harland DM. LST becomes ST, becomes HST. In: Harland DM, editor. The Hubble Space Telescope: From Concept to Success. New York, NY: Springer; 2016. p. 131–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Investigative Genetics.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. A New Sporting Competition – Which Balls Are Most Affected By The Magnus Effect? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Management Information Needs in an Era of Change. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1968 Jun. Report No.: 094496.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Crowley KM. Dynamics of Creativity: A Study of Early Drug Discovery Scientists’ Experience of Creativity [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. Hamilton Minus Music. New York Times. 2017 May 26;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInvestigative Genetics
AbbreviationInvestig. Genet.
ISSN (online)2041-2223
ScopeGenetics
Molecular Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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