How to format your references using the Investigative Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Investigative Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chen J. Materials scienceAll chopped up. Nature. 2001;410:31.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chou I-H, Chouard T. Neuropsychiatric disease. Nature. 2008;455:889.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Haitin Y, Carlson AE, Zagotta WN. The structural mechanism of KCNH-channel regulation by the eag domain. Nature. 2013;501:444–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Omiatek DM, Bressler AJ, Cans A-S, Andrews AM, Heien ML, Ewing AG. The real catecholamine content of secretory vesicles in the CNS revealed by electrochemical cytometry. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rosplock K. The Complete Direct Investing Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Thaman SC, editor. Exclusionary Rules in Comparative Law. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zalewski J. The Post-Process Era in Composition Studies and the Linguistic Turn of the 20th Century. In: Gabryś-Barker D, Piechurska-Kuciel E, Zybert J, editors. Investigations in Teaching and Learning Languages: Studies in Honour of Hanna Komorowska. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013. p. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Investigative Genetics.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Nearly 50% Of New Power Plants In 2014 Were For Renewables [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/renewable-energy-made-nearly-half-all-new-power-plants-last-year/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Vocational Education: Status in 2-Year Colleges in 1990-91 and Early Signs of Change. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Aug. Report No.: HRD-93-89.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kessler C. Elements [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shear MD, Savage C, Haberman M. Trump Rebukes Author of Memo On Comey Firing. New York Times. 2017 Jun 16;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInvestigative Genetics
AbbreviationInvestig. Genet.
ISSN (online)2041-2223
ScopeGenetics
Molecular Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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