How to format your references using the Investigative Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Investigative Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Elderfield H. Climate change. Carbonate mysteries. Science. 2002;296:1618–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kurita R, Tanaka H. Critical-like phenomena associated with liquid-liquid transition in a molecular liquid. Science. 2004;306:845–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Fonseca PJ, Münch D, Hennig RM. How cicadas interpret acoustic signals. Nature. 2000;405:297–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zinner D, Alberts SC, Nunn CL, Altmann J. Evolutionary biology: significance of primate sexual swellings. Nature. 2002;420:142–3; discussion 143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lieberman JA, Tasman A. Handbook of Psychiatric Drugs. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Bertrand J-C, Caumette P, Lebaron P, Matheron R, Normand P, Sime-Ngando T, editors. Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications: Microbial Ecology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hutter K, Wang Y. An Almanac of Simple Flow Problems of Ideal Fluids. In: Wang Y, editor. Fluid and Thermodynamics: Volume 1: Basic Fluid Mechanics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 197–269.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Investigative Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Genetically Modified Lamb with Jellyfish Protein Accidentally Sold as Meat in Paris [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/genetically-modified-lamb-jellyfish-protein-accidentally-sold-meat-paris/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Judiciary: Information on the Weighted Filings Assigned to Senior District and Magistrate Judges in Fiscal Year 1997 in 21 District Courts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Mar. Report No.: GGD-99-37R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cooper T. Biting Animals [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Mets Fall Again, and Weigh Options. New York Times. 2017 Jul 31;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInvestigative Genetics
AbbreviationInvestig. Genet.
ISSN (online)2041-2223
ScopeGenetics
Molecular Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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