How to format your references using the Investigative Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Investigative Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kahn SD. On the future of genomic data. Science. 2011;331:728–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yewdell JW, Ince WL. Virology. Frameshifting to PA-X influenza. Science. 2012;337:164–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Griesinger CB, Richards CD, Ashmore JF. Fast vesicle replenishment allows indefatigable signalling at the first auditory synapse. Nature. 2005;435:212–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Alder MN, Rogozin IB, Iyer LM, Glazko GV, Cooper MD, Pancer Z. Diversity and function of adaptive immune receptors in a jawless vertebrate. Science. 2005;310:1970–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kuzmeski M. The Connectors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Caldwell S. Using Your Emotional Intelligence to Develop Others. Gravett L, editor. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Welp Y. ICT’s for Democracy in Latin America? In: Tambouris E, Macintosh A, Glassey O, editors. Electronic Participation: Second IFIP WG 85 International Conference, ePart 2010, Lausanne, Switzerland, August 29 – September 2, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 42–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Investigative Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. This Shocking Photograph Reveals The Reality Of Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/one-image-captures-shocking-potential-future-polar-bears/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Risks Associated With Information Technology Investment Continue. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-94-143.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Reynolds PR. Midkine (MK) Regulates Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling During Hypoxia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. New York City Marathon to Have Tighter Security. New York Times. 2013 Oct 3;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInvestigative Genetics
AbbreviationInvestig. Genet.
ISSN (online)2041-2223
ScopeGenetics
Molecular Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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