How to format your references using the Global Social Welfare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Social Welfare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moazed, D. (2009). Molecular biology. Rejoice--RNAi for yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5952), 533–534.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dawson, R. I., & Chiang, E. (2014). A class of warm Jupiters with mutually inclined, apsidally misaligned close friends. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6206), 212–216.
A journal article with 3 authors
Charlesworth, J. D., Warren, T. L., & Brainard, M. S. (2012). Covert skill learning in a cortical-basal ganglia circuit. Nature, 486(7402), 251–255.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chow, B. Y., Han, X., Dobry, A. S., Qian, X., Chuong, A. S., Li, M., et al. (2010). High-performance genetically targetable optical neural silencing by light-driven proton pumps. Nature, 463(7277), 98–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, R. E., Carraher, E., & DeLisle, P. (2017). Leading Collaborative Architectural Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huq, S. M. I. (2013). The Soils of Bangladesh. (J. U. Shoaib, Ed.) (Vol. 1). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenfeld, B., & Pivovarova, E. (2014). Test psicologici nella valutazione del rischio di violenza. In K. Tardiff (Ed.), Valutazione e gestione della violenza: Manuale per operatori della salute mentale (pp. 51–65). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Social Welfare.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 7). Puff Adder Attack In Slow Motion. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Transportation Infrastructure: Supplemental Information on the Federal Highway Administration’s Project Selection Process for Five Discretionary Programs (No. RCED-98-179R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corona, B. (2012). Laws governing the treatment, involuntary detention and community integration of individuals with developmental disabilities: A policy analysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2016, October 30). Airstrikes Kill Dozens in Western Yemen. New York Times, p. A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moazed 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dawson and Chiang 2014; Moazed 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dawson and Chiang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chow et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Social Welfare
AbbreviationGlob. Soc. Welf.
ISSN (online)2196-8799

Other styles